Mahe Institute of Dental science

Puducherry, India

Mahe Institute of Dental science

Puducherry, India
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The study was carried out to compare the morphometry of the cervical column between adult Class I and Class II individuals and between gender and to analyze the correlation between the cervical column morphology, the cranial base angle, the craniocervical inclination with craniofacial morphology and stature of Angles Class I and Class II individuals.The data for this institutional retrospective study were systematically selected according to the specified inclusion and exclusion criteria from the pretreatment cephalometric radiographs of 19 male and 30 female patients visiting the Department of Orthodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal University, based on their ANB angle. The radiographs were traced and digitized. The reliability of the variables describing the cranial base and vertical and sagittal craniofacial dimensions was assessed.Our results showed that there was no statistically significant variation in the cervical vertebrae dimensions between Class I and Class II patients. There was found to be a definite sexual dimorphism, which was not statistically significant. Correlation exists between sagittal skeletal patterns, especially mandibular length and cervicovertebral morphology, but its use to classify the subjects in different sagittal classes is questionable.

PubMed | Mahe Institute of Dental science, Kothiwal Dental College & Research Center, Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital, Saraswati Dental College and University of Lucknow
Type: | Journal: ISRN dentistry | Year: 2014

Silver binding nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR) in normal oral mucosa (NOM), oral leukoplakia with epithelial dysplasia (ED), and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) were studied. The mean AgNOR count per nucleus increased from NOM to ED to OSCC. Tissue showing ED in oral leukoplakia and OSCC cases showed higher counts, wider scatter, and smaller size of AgNOR dots in the nuclei. The study seems to suggest that time method has some potential in distinguishing between NOM and oral leukoplakia with ED and OSCC. Studies of larger numbers are needed to arrive at more substantial conclusions.

Kallapur B.,Al Jabal Al Gharbi University | Ramalingam K.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute | Bastian,Mahe Institute of Dental science | Mujib A.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the difference in sodium, potassium, total protein in whole saliva in diabetic smokers, diabetic nonsmokers and healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Nonstimulated saliva samples were collected from a group of diabetic smokers, diabetic nonsmokers, and controls. Supernatant after centrifugation was used to determine the levels of sodium, potassium, and total protein by using semiautomatic analyzer. Results: There exists a statistical difference in the levels of potassium and total protein between diabetic smokers, nondiabetic smokers, and controls. Difference in the levels of sodium is only significant with nondiabetic smokers and controls. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is known to alter the composition of saliva. The purpose of this study was to estimate and compare the levels of salivary potassium, sodium, and total protein in smoker diabetic patients and nondiabetic smokers and controls, and to explore potential of salivary electrolytes [Na+, K+] and total proteins as markers. The estimated values of salivary constituents add to the data already recorded in Indian population. However, further studies using large samples are required to evaluate the findings in our study.

PubMed | Mahe Institute of Dental science and Professor
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

Orthodontic wires are the corner stones of the science and art of orthodontics and they remain in the patients mouth for a prolonged period of 18-24 months. It is but natural to expect that they will undergo some biodegradation when in the oral environment during that period. This study aims to compare the biodegradation characteristics of four different orthodontic wires, stainless steel, nickel titanium (NiTi), titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA), and copper NiTi and to assess whether these biodegradation products, are within acceptable limits.This study involved the incubation of four different wires in artificial saliva and analyzing the amount of metal released from them at the end of a 28 days study period. The metals analyzed for where nickel, chromium, copper, cobalt, manganese, iron, molybdenum, and titanium. The artificial saliva was changed on days 7, 14, and 21 to prevent the saturation of metals in the artificial saliva. At the end of 28 days, these four samples of artificial saliva of each wire were mixed together and analyzed for the eight metals using an inductively coupled plasma spectroscope.The results showed only the release of nickel, chromium, and iron from stainless steel wire, nickel from NiTi wire, nickel, and chromium from copper NiTi and none from TMA wire.The metals released from arch wires are of such minute quantities to be of any biologic hazard. The amount of metals released is well within acceptable biocompatible limits. Though this study has analyzed the biodegradation of various orthodontic wires, orthodontic wires are never used alone in mechanotherapy. Orthodontic wires along with multiband appliance system with which it is always used and in combination with accessories like face bows may release more metals.

PubMed | Indiragandhi Institute of Dental science and Hospital, Mahe Institute of Dental science, Kannur Dental College and Hospital and Mahe Institute of Dental science and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

In general, mentally challenged children have higher rates poor oral hygiene, gingivitis and periodontitis than the general population. An investigation was undertaken to assess the oral manifestations of mentally challenged children in Chennai, India.The study group consisted of 150 children (70 Down syndrome patients and 80 cerebral palsy patients). Of which, 93 patients were males and 57 were females.Speech difficulty hindered the communication between the patient and the dentist. Mastication and swallowing difficulties were also present in few children. Profuse salivation was a cause for drooling of saliva down the cheeks, which was a constant finding in cerebral palsy children. The oral hygiene statuses of the patient were significantly poor. The prevalence of periodontitis was 35.7% in Down syndrome and 55.0% in cerebral palsy patients. Whereas, the prevalence of gingivitis was found to be 92.9% and 61.3% respectively. The prevalence of fractured maxillary anterior teeth was found to be more evident in cerebral palsy patients (62.9%) when compared to Down syndrome patients (0.0%). An increase in age shows an increase in the decayed-missing-filled teeth which is statistically significant.The prominent findings like flat nasal bridge (94.3%), hypertelorism (92.9%), high arched palate (78.6%) and fissured tongue (78.6%) in our study, suggest that they could be used as a reliable clinical markers to diagnose Down syndrome condition.

PubMed | Mahe Institute of Dental science and Pariyaram Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2014

Hyperdontia is an increased number of teeth within the dental arches. This is of particular interest to pediatric dentists who commonly make the initial diagnosis. Most often a large portion of these teeth is completely embedded or impacted within the jaws and can be viewed only radiographically. Hyperdontia can occur on virtually every tooth-bearing surface. However, the most frequent is the mesiodens, in the anterior maxillary region. Anterior maxillary teeth are one of the most important features contributing to aesthetics of an individual. Missing anterior teeth can cause undue psychological stress in children, during their growing years. Most of the literature available show that the mesiodens are situated on the palatal aspect of the permanent incisors. Their treatment frequently involves an early recognition, extraction through a traditional palatal technique and guiding the associated permanent tooth to its original position. The purpose of this article is to enlighten the clinician of the need of deviating from the traditional approach of early extraction in particular situations and to conserve the mesiodens if favorable as an alternative treatment to a malformed permanent tooth, which may fail to erupt. This report describes a successful multidisciplinary approach to treatment of a unerrupted, labially placed mesiodens in conjunction with a dilacerated and impacted permanent tooth, in a child with a missing left central incisor. Treatment consisted of localizing and confirming the placement of the mesiodens to be labial, surgically exposing the crown of the mesiodens through a labial surgical approach, orthodontically guiding it to the position of the missing central incisor, extracting the malformed permanent incisor, and restoring the mesiodens to the required anatomy with composites, to establish aesthetics and function of the affected region.

Gopakumar M.,NITTE University | Gopakumar R.,Mahe Institute of Dental science
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2013

Forensic odontology occupies a primary niche in the total spectrum of methods applied to medico legal identification that cannot be underrated. While extensive work has led to the rapid development of the subject of forensic odontology in Western countries, there is a need for heightening the awareness about the importance of this specialty amongst Indian dental professionals. The enamel and dentin of human teeth act like an armor coating to protect the DNA rich inner aspect of the tooth, that is, the pulp tissue from various environmental conditions.

Bastian A.M.,Royal Dental College | Yogesh T.L.,MAHE Institute of Dental science | Kumaraswamy K.L.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Dental science | Kumaraswamy K.L.,Farooquia Dental College
Indian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Apoptosis is a process of programmed cell death occurring in multicellular organisms in whom development, maintenance and sculpturing organs and tissues. Taken together, apoptotic processes are of widespread biological significance; being involved in e.g. development, differentiation, proliferation/homoeostasis, regulation and function of the immune system and in the removal of defected harmful cells. Dys regulation of apoptosis can play a primary or secondary role leading to cancer whereas excessive apoptosis contributes to neuro degeneration, autoimmunity, AIDS, and ischemia. Gaining insight into the techniques for detecting apoptotic cells will allow the development of more effective, higher specific and therefore better-tolerable therapeutic approaches. The goal of this review article is to provide a general overview of current knowledge, on the various technical approaches for detecting apoptotic cells.

PubMed | Manipal University India and Mahe Institute of Dental science
Type: | Journal: Case reports in dentistry | Year: 2016

Digit sucking is common nonnutritive sucking habit in childhood. However it is unusual to find toe sucking habit in children. We report a case of a seven-year-old child sucking great toe of the left foot. The child was referred by her paediatrician for dental evaluation due to her complaint of recurrent episodes of pyrexia. A dental evaluation was warranted as no particular system contributed to such recurrent episodes of fever in this child. Although dental examination did not reveal any cause for recurrent episodes of pyrexia, as a part of routine history taking we discovered that this child indulges frequently in sucking the great toe of her left foot since infancy. Any nonnutritive sucking habit is considered deleterious; this habit also caused significant effect on the childs dentofacial structures, sucked toe, and her general health. Hence the treatment plan was formulated for immediate cessation of habit. Appropriate interception of habit and timely orthodontic intervention led to not only early interception of cross-bite but also decrease in pyrexial episodes. This case report describes the pernicious effects of toe sucking habit and its relevance to recurrent pyrexia in children.

PubMed | Mahe Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an advanced imaging modality that has high clinical applications in the field of dentistry. CBCT proved to be a successful investigative modality that has been used for dental and maxillofacial imaging. Radiation exposure dose from CBCT is 10 times less than from conventional CT scans during maxillofacial exposure. Furthermore, CBCT is highly accurate and can provide a three-dimensional volumetric data in axial, sagittal and coronal planes. This article describes the basic technique, difference in CBCT from CT and main clinical applications of CBCT.

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