Moka, Mauritius

Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Moka, Mauritius

Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology is a technological institution located in Gandipet, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.It was started in 1997 by the Chaitanya Bharathi Educational Society , Hyderabad, registered under the Societies Registration Act. The annual intake is 720 students in undergraduate level and 72 students in postgraduate level. The institute is affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad and offers the four-year Bachelor of Technology, in eight disciplines and two-year Master of Technology, in four disciplines prescribed by JNTU. The college is accredited by the National Board of Accreditation and is ISO 9001:2000 certified. Wikipedia.

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Saidulu V.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
2016 IEEE Annual India Conference, INDICON 2016 | Year: 2016

This paper presents the effect of the dielectric superstrates on bandwidth and gain of Electro-Magnetic Dipole (EMD) antenna without and loaded with superstrates. It is found that there is a slight degradation in the performance of the antenna when the superstrate is touching the antenna i.e height of the superstrate above the EMD (H =0 mm). Further, it is also observed that the degraded performance characteristics of the EMD antenna can be improved by placing the dielectric superstrates above the EMD at optimum height (H) = Hopt. The EMD antenna without dielectric superstrate achieves an impedance bandwidth of 3.354 GHz (SWR< 2) at 3.20 GHz, and loaded with dielectric superstrates which shows that the resonate frequency is decreased and achieved impedance bandwidth is 3.351GHz (SWR< 2) at 3.37 GHz. As the dielectric constant of the superstrate increases, it has been observed that the center frequency 3.39 GHz and gain is decreased to 7.40 dB from 7.52 dB. As the height of the superstrate is increased the performance of the antenna improves and at particular optimum height, the gain and bandwidth for all the superstrates will be closer to the free space radiation conditions of the EMD antenna without superstate. However, the return-loss for all dielectric constants of the superstrates is more than -18.60 dB which is well above the acceptable limit. The variation in return-loss is within acceptable limits. This antenna is stable radiation pattern with low cross polarization, low back radiation, nearly identical E- and H-plane patterns. There is a good agreement between simulated and measured results. © 2016 IEEE.

Patient-safety and quality-improvement are high-priority issues. One of the ways by which this can be implemented is by training residents to gather and appraise scientific evidence, as well as to evaluate their own patient-care practices. This competency is called Practice-based Learning and Improvement (PBLI). Training in PBLI provides residents with skills and knowledge necessary to reflect on their own strengths and deficiencies, identify their own learning needs, and engage in learning for improvement. PBLI also involves teaching residents to access and integrate literature by using scientific evidence and practice experience to make better clinical decisions. Training in PBLI has been found to lead to better health outcomes. We recommend explicitly incorporating elements of PBLI training and assessment in the present residency training curriculum in India. Implementing PBLI training and assessment will also require capacity-building through targeted faculty development programs.

Lahon K.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute | Das S.,Assam Medical College and Hospital
Pharmacognosy Research | Year: 2011

Background: There is a lack of reliable hepatoprotective drugs in modern medicine to prevent and treat drug-induced liver damage. Leaves of Sacred/Holy Basil, i.e. Green Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), belonging to family Lamiaceae are used traditionally for their hepatoprotective effect. We wanted to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of Ocimum sanctum and observe whether synergistic hepatoprotection exists with silymarin. Materials and Methods: Albino rats (150-200 g) were divided into five groups. Groups A and B were normal and experimental controls, respectively. Groups C, D and E received the alcoholic extract of Ocimum Sanctum leaves (OSE) 200 mg/kg BW/day, silymarin 100 mg/kg BW/day and OSE 100 mg/kg BW/day + silymarin 50 mg/kg BW/day p.o., respectively, for 10 days. Hepatotoxicity was induced in Groups B, C, D and E on the eighth day with paracetamol 2 μg/kg BW/day. The hepatoprotective effect was evaluated by performing an assay of the serum proteins, albumin globulin ratio, alkaline phosphatase, transaminases and liver histopathology. The assay results were presented as mean and standard error of mean (SEM) for each group. The study group was compared with the control group by one-way ANOVA, followed by Bonferoni's test. A P-value of <0.01 was considered significant. Results: In groups C, D and E, liver enzymes and albumin globulin ratio were significantly (P < 0.01) closer to normal than in group B. Reduction in sinusoidal congestion, cloudy swelling and fatty changes and regenerative areas of the liver were observed on histopathological examination in groups C, D and E, whereas group B showed only hepatic necrosis. Conclusion: The Ocimum sanctum alcoholic leaf extract shows significant hepatoprotective activity and synergism with silymarin.

Dambhare D.G.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Global journal of health science | Year: 2012

The onset of menstruation is part of the maturation process. However, variability in menstrual cycle characteristics and menstrual disorders are common. The purpose of this study was to determine the age at menarche and patterns of menstruation among school adolescent girls and explore its variation across socio-economic and demographic factors. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out on 1100 school adolescent girls in district Wardha, Central India. Data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire on menstruation. Data was entered and analyzed by using Epi Info 6.04 software package. Chi- square value was used for testing statistical significance. Mean ages of menarche were 13.51 + 1.04 years and 13.67 + 0.8 years for urban and rural areas respectively. Abnormal cycle length was common and affected 30.48%. The majority 56.15 experienced dysmenorrhoea and 56.16 percent had premenstrual syndrome. Self medication was practiced by 7.13% of the adolescent girls. The most common premenstrual symptom was headache 26.74%. Absenteeism from the school 13.9% was the effect of menstruation related problems on their daily routine. Dysmenorrhea and premenstrual symptoms were perceived as most distressing symptoms leading to school absenteeism. Majority of the girls 75.58% had discussed menstrual problems with someone, most commonly with their mothers 38.15%. There was a general lack of information about menstrual issues especially with regards to cycle length, duration of menses and age at menarche. Girls from families of high socio-economic class have significantly lower mean menarcheal age in both urban and rural area. The mean age of menarche was significantly higher in girls involved in vigorous sporting activity in urban area compared to their non-sporting counterparts. Age at menarche was delayed. The menstrual disorders among female adolescents are common. A school health education on menstrual problems targeting adolescent girls and their parents and routine screening for menstrual problems by healthcare providers can help to prevent the absenteeism in the school.

Jha K.N.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Publications are essential for sharing knowledge, and career advancement. Writing a research paper is a challenge. Most graduate programmes in medicine do not offer hands-on training in writing and publishing in scientific journals. Beginners find the art and science of scientific writing a daunting task. ‘How to write a scientific paper?, Is there a sure way to successful publication ?’ are the frequently asked questions. This paper aims to answer these questions and guide a beginner through the process of planning, writing, and correction of manuscripts that attract the readers and satisfies the peer reviewers. A well-structured paper in lucid and correct language that is easy to read and edit, and strictly follows the instruction to the authors from the editors finds favour from the readers and avoids outright rejection. Making right choice of journal is a decision critical to acceptance. Perseverance through the peer review process is the road to successful publication. © 2014, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is considered to be less invasive and have less morbidity than conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). However, there is a relative paucity of data regarding postoperative pain scores in rural Indian populations following SILC. Also, data pertaining to the applicability of SILC in rural Indian population are scant. In the present randomized control trial, pain scores after SILC and CLC were evaluated. Sixty patients with gallstone disease were randomly assigned to one of two groups with 30 patients each: the CLC group and the SILC group. Postoperative pain scores were recorded on the visual analog scale at 8 hours, 24 hours and 7 days after surgery. The patients were comparable with respect to age, sex and BMI. Operative time was longer for the SILC group (47.73 ± 5.57 min vs 69.53 ± 8.96 min; P < 0.0001).The pain scores were similar in both groups at 8 hours (3.61 ± 0.41 vs 3.50 ± 0.51; P = 0.36) and 24 hours (3.30 ± 0.59 vs 3.20 ± 0.40; P = 0.44) postoperatively. On day 7, the SILC group had lower pain scores than the CLC group (2.56 ± 0.56 vs 1.16 ± 0.37; P < 0.01). There was no distinct advantage to SILC with regard to immediate postoperative pain. Pain was significantly less (P < 0.01) in the SILC group on postoperative day 7. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Radhakrishnan H.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2014

In most patients, wasp stings cause local reactions and rarely anaphylaxis. Acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis are unusual complications of wasp stings. We report a case of acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis secondary to multiple wasp stings. A 55-year-old farmer developed multi organ dysfunction with acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis 3 days after he had sustained multiple wasp stings. The etiology of acute kidney injury is probably both rhabdomyolysis and acute tubular necrosis. He improved completely after hemodialysis and intensive care. © 2014 Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. All right Reserved.

Patel D.J.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2012

FREEDOM FROM VIOLENCE, not necessarily proportional with development in some basic capabilities like nutrition, longevity and literacy which positively related to economic growth. So, dealing with violence in society is intrinsically a matter of public interest. In present study 79 cases of homicidal deaths due to different mechanical injuries was studied in two year period from 1/1/2009 to 31/12/2010. The incidence of homicidal death was 9.13% during this period. Males affected more in comparison to females. Majority of cases were fall in 21-40 yrs. of age comprising 50 cases (63.28%).Injuries by blunt weapons commonly observed in 30 cases (37.97%) which followed by injuries by sharp weapons 19 cases (24.05%). Totally 329 sharp injuries observed in comparison to 152 blunt injuries. Incidences were prevalent at dense forest area 26 cases (32.91%), in married persons 55 cases (69.62%), in between 6 pm to 12 midnight 24 cases (30.37%) and revenge was main motive 23 cases (29.11%).

Joshi D.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute | Buehring G.C.,University of California at Berkeley
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2012

The three viruses most studied as possible causes of human breast cancer are mouse mammary tumor virus-like sequences (MMTV-LS), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and oncogenic (high risk) types of human papilloma virus (HPV). The first step in fulfilling traditional criteria for inferring that a cancer is caused by a virus is to demonstrate the virus in the affected tissue. Molecular techniques, compared to host antibody assessment and immunohistochemistry, are the most definitive in establishing viral presence. Results of 85 original molecular research investigations to detect one or more of the three viruses have been extremely divergent with no consensus reached. We evaluated the methodology of these studies for the following: type of molecular assay, DNA/RNA quality control, positive and negative assay controls, type of fixation, genome targets, methods for preventing and detecting molecular contamination, pathology of specimens processed, sample size, and proportion of specimens positive for the viral genome region targeted. Only seven of the studies convincingly demonstrated the presence of an oncogenic virus biomarker (EBV: 4/30 studies (13%); HPV 3/29 studies (10%), whereas 25 convincingly demonstrated absence of the virus studied (MMTV-LS: 4/25 (16%); EBV: 15/30 (50%); 6/29 (21%). The remainder of the studies suffered shortcomings, which, in our opinion, prevented a definitive conclusion. Only one of the studies compared frequency of the virus in breast tissue of breast cancer patients versus appropriate normal control subjects with no history of breast cancer. None of the studies were designed as epidemiologic studies to determine if the presence of the virus was significantly associated with breast cancer. Based on our evaluation, the data in the publications reviewed here remain preliminary, and do not justify a conclusion that MMTV-LS, HPV, or EBV are causally associated with breast cancer. However, they form a valuable basis for redirecting future studies. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Madhusudhan Reddy G.,Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory | Venkata Ramana P.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Journal of Materials Processing Technology | Year: 2012

Continuous drive friction welding of dissimilar metals, maraging steel and low alloy steel was carried out. It was observed that the hardness, ductility and impact toughness of maraging steel are low due to the diffusion of elements such as carbon, manganese, silicon and phosphorus from low alloy steel to maraging steel. An attempt was made in this study to improve the properties by friction welding of maraging steel and low alloy steel with nickel as an interlayer. The hardness, tensile strength and impact toughness are observed to be improved, as nickel acted as diffusion barrier. The effect of post-weld heat treatments on microstructure and mechanical properties of dissimilar metal friction welds with and without interlayer was also studied. Maraging steel responded to solutionizing & aging and low alloy steel responded to quenching and tempering. The notch tensile strength and impact toughness in case of dissimilar metal weld with interlayer are observed to be more than that of the dissimilar metal weld without interlayer. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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