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Chaurasia S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya | Gupta A.D.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2013

The present study deals with the assessment of ambient air quality with respect to particulate matter and trace metals (Zn, Cr, Ni and Pb) concentrations in PM10 at 4 locations of Kanpur city, an industrial city of Uttar Pradesh. The 24 hr mean concentrations of PM10 ranged between 172-187 μg/m3, which was higher than the permissible limit (100 μg/m3) of national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). Panki, an industrial area influenced by industrial population, is found to be the most polluted area of Kanpur city and Kakadev residential area the least. The ambient air of Swaroop Nagar was rich in Cr and Zn, indicating contribution of mobile sources. The Ni concentration was found to be alarmingly high in the air at all the locations except Panki, when compared with the European Commission limit (20 μg/m3). The Pb concentration was found maximum at Kakadev as compared with the permissible limit (01 μg/m 3). Suggesting the significance of sources contributing to presence of these metals. The present study focused on the quantitative variation in different metals in the PM10, which is extremely harmful due to their toxic and carcinogenic nature. © 2013 - Kalpana Corporation.

Chaurasia S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya | Karan R.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2013

The rivers in India have religious importance. The water, especially river water subjected to pollution due to direct discharge of domestic sewage, industrial waste, agricultural run-off, etc., into the river. Most of the major towns are located on the catchment area or river systems and they are discharging their wastewater directly or indirectly into surface water bodies, for example rivers, etc. The detailed survey of river revealed that small areas as well as large areas which fall in the way of river, dump and toxic wastes in the river. This has caused severe pollution in the river. Rendering serious environmental problems posing threat on human beings and sustaining biodiversity. The point sources discharge domestic sewage or wastewater through open drains, sewerage system, etc. The non-point sources of pollution are agriculture run off, washing of cloths, cattle wallowing and throwing of carcasses or half burnt dead bodies, etc. The pollution potential in the riverine system has increased, which has not only degraded the quality of water of these rivers but also has affect the flora and fauna. The various pollutants entering into eco-system through drains may be biodegradable and non-biodegradable; these pollutants have also higher BOD and COD level. Keeping the above points in mind, the study pollution sources and water quality of river and various drains joining to the river Mandakini at Chitrakoot has been selected for the study. © 2013 - Kalpana Corporation.

Singh A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya | Gupta G.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2011

The present paper deals with the characterization of solid waste. Being solid waste a direct consequence of the daily activities of our societies, it is important to understand how their main characteristics evolve in time quantitative and qualitatively. The characterization of solid waste is a tool that allows getting together important information to the study and applicability of suitable and efficient management models, mainly in what concerns the gathering, transport, valorization and treatment of waste. In the scenario of solid waste management, most significant is the problem found at household level solid waste generation. During the study period Chitrakoot Nagar Panchayat, the MSW composition was found as polythene (10.12%), plastic (4.78%), rubber (3.70%), metals (2.84%), glass (4.08%), wood (5.55%), cotton and cloths (4.29%), paper and cardboards (7.77%), vegetable wastes (11.66%), soil and constructional wastes (29.87%), garden waste (9.73%), rags (2.29%) and ash (3.32%). The extent of biodegradable part was found 44.61% in Chitrakoot. In face of unavailability and inaccessibility to municipal bins and waste collection system, most of the households, shops and establishment throw their waste just outside their premises on the streets or any dumping site available nearby. For treatment composting technology found suitable. The changes in nutrient values of N, P and K of Chitrakoot waste was found from 1.04 to 1.51, 0.63 to 0.94 and 0.92 to 1.09%, respectively in the presence of activator. © 2011 - Kalpana Corporation.

Sharma R.,Purvanchal University | Singh R.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswavidyalaya
Pollution Research | Year: 2010

Unexplored Purvanchal region of the Uttar Pradesh State was selected as a sampling site just to evaluate the potentialities of the natural isolate of the Bacillus sp. A natural isolates of Bacillus Sp. isolated and identified up to genus level which was found to be a potential producer of alkaline protease enzyme. Three types of media namely synthetic complex and modified were used and finally complex medium was selected through out the entire investigation as it was giving promising result during preliminary examination of the enzyme production by shake flask fermentation method. The carbon, nitrogen and their concentrations play vital role in enzyme production along with cultural conditions like pH, temperature, rpm, volume to container ratio and concentration of active inoculum. With all the optimized parameters the maximum yield was observed about 1450 units/mL with 24 hrs. of fermentation. Copyright © EM International.

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