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Avtar R.,University of Tokyo | Kumar P.,Institute of Science and Technology for Advance Studies and Research ISTAR | Surjan A.,University of Tokyo | Surjan A.,Kyoto University | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Earth Sciences | Year: 2013

The present study focuses on the hydrogeochemical composition of groundwater in Chhatarpur area with special focus on nitrate and fluoride contamination, considering the fact that groundwater is the only major source of drinking water here. Carbonate and silicate mineral weathering followed by ground water-surface water interactions, ion exchange and anthropogenic activities are mainly responsible for high concentrations of cations and anions in the groundwater in the region. The average concentration of nitrate and fluoride found in 27 samples is 1.08 and 61.4 mg/L, respectively. Nitrate enrichment mainly occurs in areas occupied with intense fertilizer practice in agricultural fields. Since the area is not dominated by industrialization, the possibility of anthropogenic input of fluoride is almost negligible, thus the enrichment of fluoride in groundwater is only possible due to rock-water interaction. The highly alkaline conditions, which favor the fluorite dissolution, are the main process responsible for high concentration of fluoride. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Tyagi M.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Manoria M.,Truba Institute of Engineering and Information Technology
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies | Year: 2016

Cloud computing delivers digital services over the internet by using various applications which were carried out at distributed datacenters by computer systems. It provides protocol based high performance computing which permits shared storage and computation over long distances. This proposed work bridges the efficient computation and secure storage in cloud environment. Secure cloud storing includes receiving the data by cloud server for storage after applying security steps like authentication, encryption of data and allocation of storage space. In cloud computing, a secured computing infrastructure is provided to cloud user through computing request and commitment generation. Dynamic server stipulation by cuckoo algorithm is utilized after the completion of successful user access. The uncheatable computation, secure access and storage of proposed work achieve confidentiality. It improves the efficiency and manages concurrent users’ requests. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.


Rajpoot P.S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2013

Bhima river is the tributary of Krishna river and covers area of 52200.29 km2 of Maharastra. Bhima river basin is the part of Deccan platuae and parental rock is volcanic igneous. Solapur district is situated in Bhima river basin and facing water scarcity problem in maximum part of year. Annually rainfall of this area is 561.78 mm. Surface runoff of Bhima river basin is 11041.78×106 CM annually which is a huge amount. So we can say that basin has a good potential of water for harvesting which can be used for different purposes as domestic, agricultural and industrial and harvesting structure will help to increase the recharging capacity of area. © 2013 - Kalpana Corporation.


Kumar A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Singh R.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Rajput P.S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2013

Potential for water harvesting in the 2 adjoining selected basin have been studied, using RS and GIS. It was found that the estimated runoff that could be harvested on annual basis is 13.99×106m3 in Bagdara sub-basin and 9.74×106 m3 in Jhuri sub-basin. This indicates that these sites have the potential for water harvesting that could be utilized for many purposes, such as irrigation, household, livestock and other local needs. © 2013 - Kalpana Corporation.


Pathak V.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Kushwaha B.P.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2012

The municipal solid waste (MSW) generated from different activities from various localities and a township in city areas is subject of deep concern for its proper management. The improper management of MSW is a major cause for air pollution. Present research deals with air quality parameter, like SPM, RSPM, SO2 and NO2 in surrounding areas of MSW dump site Maihar district, Satna (M.P.). The concentration of all 4 parameter are monitored at selected all 4 stations of MSW dumping site during post monsoon, winter, pre-monsoon and monsoon month in year 2007-08 and 2008-09. The results indicate that SPM and RSPM are above permissible limit; whereas gaseous pollutants, such as SO2 and NO2 are well within the permissible limit set by CPCB, Govt. of India. Maximum value of SPM and RSPM was found in winter season and minimum value of SPM and RSPM was found in monsoon season. The data of parallel study of meteorological parameter has been collected from Indian Meteorology Department, Satna and windrose diagramme prepared. All monitored parameter of ambient air having greater value at downwind direction as compared to upwind direction. The greater values of pollutants at downwind direction are due to dispersed through wind flow from sourced at MSW dumping site. The results of present research clearly suggest that adequate measures must be taken for the scientific disposal of municipal solid waste to control dispersion of air pollutants from dumping site to surrounding area. © 2012 - Kalpana Corporation.


Rajpoot P.S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Kumar A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2015

Mahoba is district of Uttar Pradesh and falls in Bundelkhand region. In the past decades due to depletion of ground water table, water scarcity is a major problem of this area. Geology, hydrogeomorphology, structures, slope and landuse/land cover are the factors which govern the availability of ground water and used for the preparation of ground water prospecting map of study area. Ground water prospecting map showing the ground water potential zones as very good, good, moderate, poor and very poor and covers area 118.81, 845.18, 708.07, 110.68, 1068.62 km, respectively. About to 60 % area falls in very good to moderate zone and rest of 40 % area in poor to very poor. From the results it is suggested that, proper rainwater harvesting and artificial recharge methods should be implemented in the- poor to very poor potential zones to overcome the water scarcity problem.


Upadhyay A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Sharma H.K.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Sarkar B.C.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology
Journal of Food Quality | Year: 2010

Rice and gram flour mix with carrot pomace powder (CPP) was used for the extrudates under study. Response surface methodology was used to analyze the effect of die temperature (65-125C), feed rate (2.5-8.5 g/s), feed moisture (10-30%, w.b.) and CPP (1.5-15.5%) on extrudate moisture, expansion index, bulk density and sensory characteristics of extrudates. Regression equations describing the effect of each variable were obtained. Die temperature was observed to be the most effective (P < 0.05) process variable to affect the selected responses, followed by change in feed moisture and CPP. Overall acceptability (OA) of the experimental samples ranged from 3.4 to 7.9 for the selected process variables. An optimization of process variables using regressed equation was attempted for maximum desirability in responses. Optimum incorporation level of CPP was found to be 5%, with OA score of 7.4. The study demonstrated that an acceptable extruded product can be prepared by CPP incorporation. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Gulia A.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Sharma H.K.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Sarkar B.C.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Upadhyay A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Shitandi A.,Egerton University
Food and Bioproducts Processing | Year: 2010

Aloe vera leaves were dried at different temperatures in hot air oven and powdered. The percent powder yield was found 2.60%, 2.60%, 2.55% and 2.52% at 50, 60, 70 and 80 °C respectively. Powder samples had the pH (1% solution) 3.51, 3.53, 3.52 and 3.53 with the rise of drying temperature in the selected range. Statistically, yield and pH indicated no significant difference (p < 0.5) due to drying temperature variation. Wettability of powder at 70 °C was 32 s as compared to 35, 35 and 37 s in the samples obtained at 50, 60 and 80 °C respectively. Water absorption capacity of powder at 70 °C was 359% as compare to 351%, 354% and 356% of 50, 60, and 80 °C powder samples. The HPLC chromatogram obtained for the sample dried at 80 °C shows that as the temperature increased from 50 to 80 °C, aloin content decreased from 10.6 to 1.7 ppm. The "a" values were found 2.028, 2.226, -0.282 and 2.531 for the samples obtained after drying at 50, 60, 70 and 80 °C respectively. Samples obtained at 70 °C showed negative "a" value indicated that the sample was more greenish in colour as compared to other samples. © 2009 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.


Chaurasia S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari A.K.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2016

A safe and convenient water supply plays a vital role in public health and well being of the society. There are numerous conventional water treatment technologies available in rural areas of developing countries. The rural communities have adopted some simple rudimentary water treatment technique that can serve individual household. Basically all such techniques aim to remove suspended impurities from water. There are also some traditional household techniques to remove specific water pollutant. Traditional water purification methods include boiling, filtration, sedimentation and solar radiation. Water borne diseases are more common in rural community where potable water supply coverage is very low. The boiling method was the most efficient giving 100 % decontamination after three minutes of boiling. Boiling and solar methods were found to be suitable for purifying domestic water in the rural areas. However, solar method being simple, practicable and cheap is, therefore, recommended for use in the rural communities. This paper contains traditional and household techniques that are widely used in rural areas. © 2016 - Kalpana Corporation.


Sharma H.K.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Ingle S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Singh C.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Sarkar B.C.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Upadhyay A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2012

Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), which has the potential to be used as flavoring, antibacterial, antifungal, antifermentative and antibrowning agent in food industry, was extracted from the pretreated MM by distillation technique. The mustard meal was analyzed for the proximate composition and the metals Fe, Mg and Zn. At the optimum pretreatment conditions of temperature 60 °C, time 120 min and pH 4.5, the effect of fractional distillation, mesh size and different additives was studied. Considerable effect of mesh size was observed, as the mesh size was decreased from 1,690 to 400 μm, the allyl isothiocyanate content was increased from 99.15 to 337.11 mg/100 ml. Addition of magnesium chloride (0.05 g/l to 0.2 g/l) and L-ascorbic acid (1 g/l to 5 g/l) increased allyl isothiocyanate from 257.79 to 317.28 mg/ 100 ml and 316.77 to 396.60 mg/100 ml respectively whereas the addition of the magnesium chloride and L-ascorbic acid in combination did not affect the AITC extraction rate as compare to their addition in single effect. © Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2011.

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