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Nema S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay | Thakur S.S.,Jabalpur Engineering College
Proceedings of 2015 IEEE 9th International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Control, ISCO 2015 | Year: 2015

In this paper, Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (IPSO) approach is used in feature selection process-Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). This evolutionary random search method enhanced the classification rate with less computational time. The effectiveness of the proposed IPSO-LDA method is verified by employed Indian Face Database (IFD) and compare the results with existing methods. © 2015 IEEE.


Singh A.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay | Gupta G.S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2012

Karwi is a city cum Municipal Board of Chitrakoot, U.P. Karwi (including Sitapur) had a population of 48,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. The population density of Karwi is 248/km2. Chitrakoot Dham (Karwi) has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 58%. The main problem in the city Chitrakoot Dham is that the waste is still being dumped anywhere and everywhere. Improper collection, transportation and disposal of waste are leading to degradating effect on the health, sanitation, environment and quality of life of the city. During the study MSW composition was found as polythene (6.73%), plastic (5.14%), rubber (3.17%), metals (4.43%), glass (4.98%), wood (3.75%), cotton and cloths (6.37%), paper and cardboards (9.53%), vegetable wastes (13.52%), soil and constructional wastes (30.71%), garden waste (6.03%), rags (2.90%) and meat waste (2.72%). The extent of biodegradable and recyclable part was found 44.79% and 17.72%, respectively in Chitrakoot Dham Karwi. For treatment composting technology found suitable. The changes in nutrient values of N, P and K of Chitrakoot Dham Karwi waste was found from 0.70 to1.01, 1.0 to1.49 and 0.44 to 0.52%, respectively in the presence of activator while from 0.70 to 0.77, 1.0 to 1.06 and 0.44 to 0.53%, respectively in the absence of activator. © 2012 - Kalpana Corporation.


Chaurasia S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay | Singh R.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay | Gupta A.D.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay | Tiwari S.,Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalay
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection | Year: 2012

Heavy metals are defined as group of elements that has specific weight higher than about 5 g/cm3. Co, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Zn and Cu are the essential micro nutrients and required for normal growth and take part in redox reaction. Electron transfer and other important metabolic processes in plants. Non essential metals Pb, Cd, Hg, etc., are highly toxic for plants. Large areas of surface water are contaminated with heavy metals resulting from urban activities agricultural practices and industries. Excessive concentration of trace elements Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn are toxic and lead to growth inhibition, decrease in biomass and death of the plant. Heavy metals inhibit physiological process. Heavy metal toxicity and danger of their bioaccumulation in the food chain represent one of the major environmental and health problems of our modern society. Heavy metals may enter in the human body through food chain, water, air, or absorption through the skin. Therefore, studies of detoxification of heavy metals by some plant species studied is necessary for the good environment and human health. Heavy metals stress was studied in Potamogeton pectinatous and Potamogeton crispus were treated with 4 different metals of same concentration of 5 ppm for 5 day in aseptic condition in culture. Potamogeton pectinatous and Potamogeton crispus survives in treatment with heavy metal without visible damage. Potamogeton pectinatous is better adopted under metal stress in comparession to Potamogeton crispus. The Potamogeton crispus is more tolerant in metabolic activity in compression to Potamogeton pectinatous for protein, cystein, monodyaldehyde and carotenoids. The decrease of chlorophyll, protein, cystien and carotenoid were observed due to effect of heavy metal concentration. © 2012 - Kalpana Corporation.

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