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Chandra Philip X.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Prabavathy G.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

Talus is the important tarsal bone which participates in the formation of talocrural, subtarsal and talocalcaneo-navicular joints. Anatomical variations of calcaneal articular facets on tali can be of help to Orthopaedic surgeons in pathologies of foot for reconstruction and rehabilitation procedures in many diseases of the foot such as Talocalcaneal arthritis, tarsal coalition, fracture neck of talus, congenital dysmorphology like flat foot, valgus deformity etc. So this study was aimed to observe the anatomical variations in tali. 200 adult human tali were studied from department of Anatomy, Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry and other medical colleges in and around Puducherry. Each talus was examined for the presence of various patterns of articular facets. Later they were classified into five groups. Type I tali was found in 42 %. Type II in 30%, type III in 4% and type IV in 3% of cases. Type V had three subtypes, subtype A was present in 10%, B was in 9% and C was in 2%. In the present study, type I had highest incidence and type IV had lowest incidence. Source


Ramasamy R.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Gopal N.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Srinivasan A.R.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Murugaiyan S.B.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: The medical education is recently being transformed into several domains in order to adapt to the need and the value based academics which is required for the quality doctors who serve the community. Presently, the biochemistry curricula for the graduate students of medicine have been questioned by as many experts, because of their multiple lacunae. In this review, we would like to highlight the scenario which is related to the existing biochemistry curricula for graduate medical students, which have been followed in several medical schools and universities and we also hope to share our ideas for implementing objective and pragmatic curricula. Evidence based research, wherein the articles which are related to innovative teaching-learning tools are collected and the pros and cons which are related to the different methods analyzed in biochemistry point of view. Conclusion: Rapid changes in the content of the curriculum may not be required, but a gradual introduction of the novel approach and the methods of teaching biochemistry can be adopted into the curriculum. Source


Ramasamy R.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Murugaiyan S.B.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Gopal N.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute | Shalini R.,Mahathma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Background: Ischemic heart disease accounts 12.2% deaths worldwide. Serum magnesium (Mg+) status is often ignored in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). Studies showed alterations in the levels of serum electrolytes including magnesium in AMI. Aim: To evaluate serum Mg+ and other electrolytes as adjuvant markers in the diagnosis of AMI. Design and Settings: Case control study was conducted in South Indian male population with AMI within six hours of onset of symptoms. Patients and Methods: Study includes sixty patients with AMI and 100 controls. Serum electrolytes were estimated using electrolyte analyzer. Data were compared by using student't' test. ROC was drawn to find out optimum cutoff for diagnosing AMI. Pearson's correlation was done to see the association among the markers. Results: Serum Ca, Mg, K and Na electrolytes were significantly lower ('p'<0.001) in AMI. Ca:Mg, K:Mg, and Na:K ratios were significantly higher when compared to controls ('p'<0.001). There was significant correlation of serum Mg levels with other cardiac markers (Total CK, CK-Mb, Troponin -T) of AMI ('p' <0.05).ROC analysis of Na:Mg (40.9), Ca:Mg (3.43) and K:Mg (2.74) ratios showed optimum cutoffs in diagnosis of AMI. Conclusion: Serum Mg, Ca:mg, K:mg and Na:K ratios could be useful adjuvant markers in diagnosis of AMI. Source

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