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Maha Sarakham, Thailand

Mahasarakham University is a Thai public university with approximately 45,000 higher education students in 2013.The university has two campuses, the Old Campus located in the city center in Maha Sarakham Province in the Northeast region of Thailand, and the New Campus located at Khamriang Subdistrict in the north-west of the city.The university is the only Thai university that offers postgraduate programs in Paleontology and Bachelor of Arts in the Khmer Language. MSU is the first university in Northeastern Thailand to offer a Bachelor of Arts program in Accounting and the second to commence Ph.D. course in the same subject. Moreover, the Faculty of Education, the flagship of MSU voted as Thailand’s Best Education Faculty in 2010 by the National Education Office.The university is the first Thai higher-education institution rated under the QS Stars System for Excellence in Higher Education and has become one of the top twenty universities in Thailand based on the Webometrics Ranking of World University. Wikipedia.

Pramual P.,Mahasarakham University | Adler P.H.,Clemson University
Molecular Ecology Resources | Year: 2014

The ecological and medical importance of black flies drives the need for rapid and reliable identification of these minute, structurally uniform insects. We assessed the efficiency of DNA barcoding for species identification of tropical black flies. A total of 351 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 sequences were obtained from 41 species in six subgenera of the genus Simulium in Thailand. Despite high intraspecific genetic divergence (mean = 2.00%, maximum = 9.27%), DNA barcodes provided 96% correct identification. Barcodes also differentiated cytoforms of selected species complexes, albeit with varying levels of success. Perfect differentiation was achieved for two cytoforms of Simulium feuerborni, and 91% correct identification was obtained for the Simulium angulistylum complex. Low success (33%), however, was obtained for the Simulium siamense complex. The differential efficiency of DNA barcodes to discriminate cytoforms was attributed to different levels of genetic structure and demographic histories of the taxa. DNA barcode trees were largely congruent with phylogenies based on previous molecular, chromosomal and morphological analyses, but revealed inconsistencies that will require further evaluation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chookhampaeng S.,Mahasarakham University
European Journal of Scientific Research | Year: 2011

The title of this research is "The effects of NaCl on the growth and physiology of pepper." (Capsicum annuum L.) The cultivar Cho Jinda were studied. The plant was hydroponically grown in half-strength Hoagland solution for 20 days followed by treatments with 0, 50, 100 and 200 mM NaCl for 18 days. Growth parameters of 45-dayold plants were recorded. The plants were harvested and analyzed for the amount of chlorophyll, proline, catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD). The low (50 mM NaCl) level of salinity treatment had no deleterious effects on vegetative growth parameters, at higher concentration of NaCl (100 and 200 mM), growth parameters were drastically reduced. Salinity treatments caused a reduction in chlorophyll content, accumulation of proline and enhancement of CAT activity in shoot and root. © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2011..

Thiengkamol N.,Mahasarakham University
European Journal of Social Sciences | Year: 2012

During few decades, social and economic development policy in Thailand, has been geared not only to the nation's income and social welfare, but food security has been recognized. Even though, Thailand is a world kitchen at the international level, but food accessibility of rural household level is still a problem, especially in the remote agricultural area. The recent increased in food price and production cost has impacted on undergraduate students of Mahasarakham University who came from agricultural family in rural area. They are facing risk of food insecurity because of declining purchasing power. The research objective was to develop the food security management for undergraduate student, Mahasarakham University. The mixed method research was employed to collect data. Qualitative research with focus group discussion integrated to Participatory-Appreciation-Influence-Control (PAIC). The sample group was selected by purposive sampling method. 30 participants of undergraduate students were used as sample and they were selected according to the criteria setting. Results showed that after training, mean scores of participants in terms of knowledge and understanding, attitude and behavior of food consumption, and training achievement were higher than before training with statistically significant (p<.001, p<.001,.001 and p<.001). Three Dimension Evaluations were congruent among, Self-evaluation, Friend-evaluation, and Facilitator-evaluation (p>.05). © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2012.

The multi-objective genetic algorithm is applied to determine the optimal operation of a multi-reservoir system in the Chi River Basin, Thailand. Two competing objective functions are considered; dam release and dam storage. The predicted values for the release and storage needed are mostly lower than in current established management practice. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Bridhikitti A.,Mahasarakham University
International Journal of Climatology | Year: 2013

El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and aerosols have important roles to play in relation to Southeast Asian rainfall anomalies. This study investigates connections between these factors and local seasonal rainfall anomalies at 17 locations throughout Thailand using ground measurements and satellite observations available from 1980 to October 2011. This research investigates further the usefulness of incorporating these factors into rainfall forecasts. Results from canonical correlation analysis indicate that strong ENSO signals from October to March may affect rainfall anomalies in the nonsummer monsoon months, whereas IOD signals in the previous summer monsoon months were deemed to be of greater responsibility for current summer monsoon rainfall. Comparison of rainfall levels with different aerosol loadings suggests rainfall-decreasing aerosol from December to February for the South East Coast and in pre-summer monsoon months for deeper inland areas having less coastal influences. Rainfall-increasing aerosol was observed in post-summer monsoon months at the inland stations. The use of ENSO/IOD signals as predictors yielded better rainfall forecast model performance than that of the aerosol loading. However, model performance significantly improved when both ENSO/IOD signals and seasonal aerosol loadings were introduced. © 2012 Royal Meteorological Society.

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