Maharishi University of Management , formerly Maharishi International University, is an American non-profit university located in Fairfield, Iowa. It was founded in 1973 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and features a "consciousness-based education" system that includes the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Its founding principles include the development of the full potential of the individual, fulfilling economic aspirations while maximizing proper use of the environment and bringing spiritual fulfillment and happiness to humanity.The university is accredited through the PhD level by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and offers degree programs in art, business, education, communications, mathematical science, literature, physiology & health, Vedic Science and sustainable living.The original campus was located in Goleta, California, and in 1974 moved to the current 272-acre campus in Fairfield, Iowa. During the 1990s many older buildings were demolished and replaced using green technology and the principles of ancient Vedic architecture. The university features an academic "block system" and a diverse, multinational student body. It is said to offer a "whole-system approach" that aims to move beyond the library and classroom settings and engage students in a personal journey of evolution and growth through meditation and an organic, vegetarian food program. Wikipedia.
News Article | November 25, 2015
It’s Thursday night at Carnegie Hall, and Jerry Seinfeld, Katy Perry, and Sting are all set to perform. Most of the women in the audience are decked out in designer dresses, and the men boast expensive suits. But right now, everyone is sitting in dead silence with their eyes closed, because they have been asked to begin the night by meditating. This is “Change Begins Within” a star-studded benefit concert for the David Lynch Foundation, and the goal is to raise money for the foundation’s efforts to promote Transcendental Meditation to at-risk New Yorkers. Jerry Seinfeld opens with a 10 minute comedy set—”I hate the phrase ‘It is what it is,’” he says. “What is that? It’s meaningless. I’d rather someone just blow air on my face.”—but his tone gets serious when he starts talking about the role that TM, a form of mantra-based meditation, has played in his life. “I’d do anything I could to promote it in the world,” he tells the audience, “because I think it’s the greatest thing as a life tool, as a work tool, and just making things make sense.” George Stephanopoulos is the night’s emcee, and he too is a TM convert. So is Howard Stern, who shows up in a video clip. So is Sting, who performs a set of hits. So is Katy Perry, one of the biggest pop stars in the world. Before taking the stage in a giant bowtie dress and belting out “Wide Awake” into a pink microphone, Perry explains how meditation helps her creative life in a short video. “I meditate sometimes before I write a song,” she says. “I meditate before I go on stage. I meditate when I’ve been on my social media too much, when my mind starts to feel like mush. And when I meditate there’s something physical that actually happens. Something medical, scientific. Where I feel like the neuro pathways in my brain open up like they’ve had cobwebs on them for days or weeks, and I feel my most sharp. So I couldn’t encourage you more to try meditation.” The fact that A-list stars like Seinfeld and Perry are willing to donate their time and talent to stump for the Lynch Foundation is just one indicator of how far the movement has come in recent years—and how much Hollywood’s most influential avant-garde director is to thank. “We are now in 35 countries,” DLF’s executive director Bob Roth recently told me, “offering programs all over Latin America, in the West Bank and in the Middle East. In Africa, we’re in the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa. In Asia we’re in Cambodia, in Vietnam—it’s all word of mouth. I don’t take out an ad in a Cambodian newspaper or something like that. People hear about it.” Roth says that TM is at a “tipping point” and cannot currently supply enough certified TM teachers to match booming worldwide demand. But despite the movement’s global appeal, Roth says the next frontier is closer to home. “We’re really putting a lot of attention on New York City,” Roth tells me. “We want to use New York as a model of what a city could be like if it’s offered in the school system if TM is offered in homeless shelters, if it’s offered in companies and governmental organizations. And not just offering it to students but the parents and grandparents and not just offering it to veterans but to wives and husbands and children. And just really making it into a community-wide practice.” The David Lynch Foundation is embarking on its Big Apple mission after a successful ten years of spreading TM across America. The foundation has implemented TM programs in schools across the country. The Department of Defense recently invested $2.4 million to research TM as a potential cure for PTSD. It’s also being used as a productivity tool in boardrooms. TM proponents claim it lowers blood pressure, reduces stress, and enhances creativity, and point to a host of studies as evidence. But the history of TM is a long, winding road, and its resurgence today is no less complex. In the 1950s, Mahesh Prasad Varma entered a cave in the Himalayas for a period of spiritual study. There, he developed the meditation practice that would eventually become Transcendental Meditation. Mahesh had studied math and physics at Allahabad University, but after graduating, he left to pursue enlightenment under the tutelage of a famous Swami named Guru Dev, a spiritual leader in the tradition of Advaitic Hinduism. During his hermitage he developed the theories that would underlie the practice of TM. Mahesh believed that there was an absolute reality he called “the Unified Field” that all people, not just spiritual leaders, had the capacity to connect with. Practitioners of TM engage in two 20-minute meditation sessions per day; once in the morning and once in the evening. They access this field by silently repeating a mantra given to them by a certified TM instructor. By connecting with the Unified Field, meditators purportedly feel calmer and more at peace. In 1957, Mahesh, who would come to be known as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and was often called simply “The Maharishi” or “The Giggling Guru,” embarked on a world tour with the hopes of spreading TM. He was vocal about his idea that if enough people—to be precise, a number equalling the square root of one percent of the world’s population—practiced TM, the positive energy that they would generate would bring about world peace. He called his quest to find these followers and create a more peaceful world “The Spiritual Regeneration Movement.” From the beginning, he wanted to bring his meditation to the United States. His biographer Paul Mason quotes him as saying that “the people of that country would try something new very readily.” TM was well received by a select group of Americans and Europeans, but it really took off in the West after it was endorsed by the Beatles. Mahesh first met the Beatles in 1967, in a meeting arranged by Ravi Shankar. In 1968, the band stayed in the Maharishi’s ashram, where they were trained in TM. The Beatles’ sojourn with Mahesh was widely documented in the Western media and images of The Maharishi graced the covers of American pop culture magazines in the late 60s. This publicity changed the tenor of the Spiritual Regeneration Movement and celebrity endorsement became a central tool in TM’s spread. Celebrities made the movement cool, and they often claimed that their creative power, as well as their wealth, was a direct result of practicing TM. In 1968, The Beach Boys’ Mike Love told the Chicago Tribune that practicing TM “shot our record sales up to about five million last year from about two and a half million.” Currently, TM's most serious devotees—many of whom became believers after being inspired by 1960s pop cultural icons—run The Maharishi Vedic City in Fairfield, Iowa which has its own internal currency system, its own security apparatus, and its own city council. Followers in Fairfield also administer the Maharishi University of Management, which Mahesh founded in 1971 and which has overseen many of the studies on TM’s effectiveness. Despite the establishment of an entire town, however, Transcendental Meditation might have remained a relic of 1960s counterculture practiced by the elite few, if it weren’t for David Lynch. David Lynch, the creative force behind Twin Peaks, Blue Velvet, and Mulholland Drive, has been meditating twice-daily since the 70s, and he believes TM is the secret to his creativity. In his book Catching the Big Fish: Meditation, Consciousness and Creativity, he urges his readers to meditate. “It’s very important to experience that Self, that pure consciousness,” he writes. “It’s really helped me. I think it would help any filmmaker. So start diving within, enlivening that bliss consciousness. Grow in happiness and intuition. Experience the joy of doing. And you’ll glow in this peaceful way. Your friends will be very, very happy with you. Everyone will want to sit next to you. And people will give you money!” Lynch believed that people from all walks of life should be able to practice TM, not just those creative LA types who had the means to pay the hefty price tag (learning TM from a certified instructor at one point cost about $2,500 dollars; today the price has reportedly gone down to just under one thousand.) It was this passion and deep-felt belief in the transformative powers of TM that led him to start the David Lynch Foundation for Consciousness-Based Education and World Peace in 2005. Since then, the foundation’s profile has been rapidly rising, along with interest in Transcendental Meditation. The David Lynch Foundation has distanced itself from the religious roots of TM, insisting that it is only promoting the technique, not the cosmology behind it. Its representatives rarely mention the promise of yogic flying, for example, or position spiritual enlightenment as the goal of practicing TM. Today, Lynch Foundation supporters prefer to talk about how TM can lower blood pressure and reduce stress. Its members bristle at any suggestion that TM is religious. Multiple performers at the Foundation’s recent benefit preemptively disavowed that the movement was cultlike. “It’s not a religion, it’s not a cult, it’s just good for you,” said Angelique Kidjo, introduced as “Africa’s premier diva,” at the Change Begins Within benefit. There is some evidence to support her assertion: Even given the accusation that some of the hundreds of studies on TM might be biased, studies do indicate that practicing TM can lower blood pressure and may have other positive health effects. However, most of the health benefits advertised by the David Lynch foundation have also been found in other forms of meditation, and . “In some ways all of these forms of practice and spiritual discipline are more or less the same,” Tanya Luhrmann, a psychological anthropologist and professor at Stanford University who has written extensively about the effects of prayer, told me. “They are all training a practice of attending to the inner experience and they all manage that in different ways.” Though she had never been involved in a study specifically comparing TM to prayer, she was not surprised to hear its supporters claim that TM “works” for people. In fact, the practice reminded her of the tradition of speaking in tongues. Both rely on the repetition of relatively meaningless phonemes, she said, and both can have effects on consciousness and even physiology. So, if TM isn’t necessarily more effective than other forms of meditation, or even prayer, why are so many people jumping on the TM bandwagon, specifically? The answer may take us back to Seinfeld, Perry, and Sting; the Beatles and the Beach Boys. In other words, it may boil down to a matter of superior marketing. “TM uses a multi-target strategy to appeal to a variety of people,” Mara Einstein told me. Einstein is a professor at Queens College who wrote, Brands of Faith, a book about how religious and spiritual movements brand themselves in order to appeal to followers. “For business people, for example, it is promoted as helping them to reduce stress so that they can be more successful. Using celebrities is simply a way to attract another segment for whom that stardom and fame is appealing—it's the ‘I want to be like them’ factor.” Einstein says that TM’s supporters are particularly good at marketing relative to other traditions. “In this, TM is no different than Scientology or The Kabbalah Center, though perhaps with fewer negative consequences.” So, TM may be trending because we all want to be as successful as Paul McCartney and Sting. Whatever the reason, TM is growing. Bob Roth tells me that the “Change Begins Within” benefit concert cleared over a million dollars for the foundation, and that the money is going to go to support spreading the practice of TM all over New York City. In light of the foundation’s mission to make New York a meditating city, I asked Roth whether he still believed in the vision of the Spiritual Regeneration Movement, the notion that if the square root of one percent of the world’s population were to practice Transcendental Meditation, they could bring about world peace. He was hopeful. “I think it’s something we should definitely test,” he said, “because it’s very clear that the stresses, and the racial, religious and political tensions that fuel violence are never going to be resolved through more violence, through warfare, or even economic embargo, so one of our focuses is to have enough people meditating so that we could test that theory.” At the end of the benefit, David Lynch, who couldn’t attend because he was on location filming the new installment of Twin Peaks, beamed into Carnegie Hall with a very Lynchian video message to conclude the evening. “Transcendental Meditation is life-transforming for the good. It works if you’re a human being,” he said. “It’s change from within. Help get this beautiful blessing of a technique to the people. Thank you very much, have a great night.” Lit Up is a series about heightening—and dulling—our sense of perception. Follow along here.
Schneider R.H.,Maharishi University of Management |
Grim C.E.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
Rainforth M.V.,Maharishi University of Management |
Kotchen T.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
And 5 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes | Year: 2012
Background-Blacks have disproportionately high rates of cardiovascular disease. Psychosocial stress may contribute to this disparity. Previous trials on stress reduction with the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program have reported improvements in cardiovascular disease risk factors, surrogate end points, and mortality in blacks and other populations. Methods and Results-This was a randomized, controlled trial of 201 black men and women with coronary heart disease who were randomized to the TM program or health education. The primary end point was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Secondary end points included the composite of cardiovascular mortality, revascularizations, and cardiovascular hospitalizations; blood pressure; psychosocial stress factors; and lifestyle behaviors. During an average follow-up of 5.4 years, there was a 48% risk reduction in the primary end point in the TM group (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.29-0.92; P=0.025). The TM group also showed a 24% risk reduction in the secondary end point (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-0.1.13; P=0.17). There were reductions of 4.9 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure (95% confidence interval -8.3 to -1.5 mm Hg; P=0.01) and anger expression (P<0.05 for all scales). Adherence was associated with survival. Conclusions-A selected mind-body intervention, the TM program, significantly reduced risk for mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke in coronary heart disease patients. These changes were associated with lower blood pressure and psychosocial stress factors. Therefore, this practice may be clinically useful in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.
News Article | February 28, 2017
The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has ranked the best colleges and universities with online programs in the state of Iowa for 2017. Of the 17 four-year schools that were ranked, University of Iowa, Iowa State University, Buena Vista University, Saint Ambrose University and University of Northern Iowa came in as the top five institutions. Iowa’s top 14 two-year schools were also included, with Western Iowa Tech Community, Kirkwood Community College, Iowa Lakes Community College, Eastern Iowa Community College and Des Moines Area Community College taking the top five spots. “By 2025, 68 percent of all jobs in Iowa will require postsecondary training or education, according to research from the Iowa College Student Aid Commission,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org. “The online programs at schools on our list provide the best opportunities for students to meet their educational and career goals.” To earn a spot on the Best Online Schools list, Iowa colleges and universities must be institutionally accredited, public or private not-for-profit entities and have a minimum of one online certificate or degree program. Each college is also scored based on more than a dozen unique data points that include graduation rates, student/teacher ratios, employment services and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: The Best Online Four-Year Schools in Iowa for 2017 include the following: Allen College Briar Cliff University Buena Vista University Dordt College Graceland University-Lamoni Iowa State University Iowa Wesleyan University Maharishi University of Management Morningside College Mount Mercy University Northwestern College Saint Ambrose University University of Dubuque University of Iowa University of Northern Iowa Upper Iowa University William Penn University Iowa’s Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Des Moines Area Community College Eastern Iowa Community College District Ellsworth Community College Hawkeye Community College Indian Hills Community College Iowa Central Community College Iowa Lakes Community College Kirkwood Community College Marshalltown Community College Northeast Iowa Community College-Calmar Northwest Iowa Community College Southeastern Community College Southwestern Community College Western Iowa Tech Community College ### About Us: AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.
News Article | November 4, 2016
As the value of meditation becomes widely recognized, researchers are increasingly trying to understand the differences among approaches. A study published today in Brain and Cognition reports subjective experiences and cortical activation patterns that distinguish the Transcendental Meditation technique from other meditation practices. "Transcendental Meditation uses a mantra, and for this reason some researchers maintain that it involves focused attention and controlling the mind," said lead author Fred Travis. "Those who practice TM know this is not the case. This study supports their experience that Transcendental Meditation is easy to learn and effortless to practice." This study involved 87 students at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, Iowa who had been practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique from one month to five years. Researchers investigated experiences and brain patterns of students as they rested with eyes closed, during Transcendental Meditation practice, and while engaging in a challenging computer task. "There are two key findings from this study," said lead author Dr. Travis. "First, individuals practicing Transcendental Meditation for just one month reported the same frequency of Transcendental Consciousness experiences during their practice as individuals meditating for five years. This supports the understanding that Transcendental Meditation uses the natural tendency of the mind to transcend--to move from active thinking to deep, inner silence. Extensive practice doesn't make a natural process go any better." The second finding deals with activity in the "default mode network," which is a large-scale brain network involving areas in the front and back of the brain that are active during internal thinking and self-referential activity, such as creating an autobiographical story. Default mode network activity is high when a person just sits with his or her eyes closed, and low when one opens one's eyes and begins to interact with the world. The study reports that activity in the default mode network remained high during Transcendental Meditation practice. Activity in the default mode network is reported to go down in all other types of meditation -- since they involve focus and control of the mind. "Deactivation of the default mode network indicates how much effort we are using," Dr. Travis says. "While people may not have had the experience of effortless transcending and so do not know what it feels like to transcend, they can now see the objective high activation in the default mode network--and see that something different is happening during Transcendental Meditation practice." Transcendental Meditation different from resting with one's eyes closed The study found that the default mode network was as high during Transcendental Meditation practice as during eyes-closed rest. "This is an important finding, since eyes-closed rest is usually used as the benchmark for default mode network activity," Dr. Travis said. However, Dr. Travis found two important differences when comparing the brain states during Transcendental Meditation and eyes-closed rest. Eyes-closed rest had more beta brain waves in areas of the brain associated with memory and motor aspects of speech production. "This could reflect the mental chatter that goes on when one's eyes are closed," Dr. Travis said. Transcendental Meditation had more theta brain waves in orbitofrontal areas associated with reward anticipation. This could indicate the movement of the mind to more charming levels of thought during transcending. The meditators' attention was absorbed in the inner march of the mind, attracted by the increasing charm of finer levels of mental functioning. This process did not involve effort or control of the mind since default mode network activity was high. These differences -- the activity in the default mode network, as well as the fact that the frequency of transcending is the same regardless of how long one has been practicing -- contrast Transcendental Meditation with other meditation practices. "It's a critical point," Dr. Travis said. "Researchers, commentators, and popular media often lump meditation practices together. This distorts understanding the benefits of different meditations and confounds applying these approaches to different subject populations." Frederick Travis PhD; Niyazi Parim MA. Default mode network activation and Transcendental Meditation practice: Focused Attention or Automatic Self-transcending? Brain and Cognition 111 (2017) 86-94. DOI:10.1016/j.bandc.2016.08.009 Transcendental Meditation® (TM®) is a simple, natural technique practiced 20 minutes twice each day while sitting comfortably with the eyes closed. The TM technique is easy to learn and enjoyable to practice, and is not a religion, philosophy, or lifestyle. Unlike other forms of meditation, TM practice involves no concentration, no control of the mind, no contemplation, no monitoring of thoughts. It automatically and effortlessly allows the active thinking mind to settle down to a state of deep inner calm. For more information visit http://www.
Farag M.,Maharishi University of Management
2012 8th International Computer Engineering Conference: Today Information Society What's Next?, ICENCO 2012 | Year: 2013
Tremendous work has been achieved in operating system development. These efforts handed from both experienced and non-experienced developers targeting several milestones. Missing the full vision of operating system subsystems and hardware/software interaction brought up the desire for debugging the code. Ease of use and higher capabilities of the debugger were main goals for software vendors to satisfy developer requirements. Many subgoals were achieved on the way to reach the optimal debugger and many user requirements were added for such debugger. For instance, kernel initialization and multithreading are main issues should be addressed by the optimal debugger but only very few covering such issues. Several kernel debuggers exist for solving similar issues but only very few support line-by-line debugging at run-time. Furthermore, good visualization for in-detailed issues is main goal of such debugger in addition to the illusion of some performance measurements to the code being monitored. This paper presents a generic practical approach for operating system source code debugging in graphical mode with line-by-line tracing support. In the context of this approach, system boot up and performance evaluation of two operating system schedulers are addressed. © 2012 IEEE.
Nair P.S.,Maharishi University of Management
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2012
In this paper we present a formal model of semantics for newly introduced operators of cisets, ciset relations. The notion of alternate worlds is used to formalize the information content of a ciset and ciset relations. A ciset represents a collection of (regular) sets. Similarly, a ciset relation represents a collection of (regular) relations. Once this collection has been identified, any ciset relational operator can be applied on the collection of (regular) relations represented by ciset relations involved. This approach is computationally inefficient and is introduced solely to fully explain in a formal way, the semantics of newly introduced operators. © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Travis F.,Maharishi University of Management
International Journal of Psychophysiology | Year: 2011
This random-assignment study compared coherence, amplitude, and eLORETA patterns during practice of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and the TM-Sidhi programs. The TM technique involves systematic transcending of contents of experience to a state of pure consciousness. The TM-Sidhi program involves sanyama-the simultaneous experience of dhārānā (fixity), dhyāna (transcending) and samādhi (pure consciousness). Thirty-two channel EEG was recorded from experienced TM subjects randomly assigned to two consecutive 10-min TM sessions or to a 10-min TM session followed by 10-min TM-Sidhi practice. Compared to TM practice, TM-Sidhi practice was characterized by higher frontal alpha1 and beta1 amplitudes, and eLORETA-identified sources of alpha1 EEG in right-hemisphere object recognition areas including the right parahippocampus gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, lingual gyrus, and inferior and medial temporal cortices. These cortical areas are involved in specific/holistic representation of words. The observed brain patterns support the descriptions of sanyama as including both specificity (sutras or verses), as suggested by higher frontal beta1 EEG amplitude and by eLORETA sources in right-hemisphere object-recognition areas, and holistic experience (pure consciousness) as suggested by higher frontal alpha1 EEG amplitude. These EEG patterns fit the complex description of sanyama. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Travis F.,Maharishi University of Management
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences | Year: 2016
This paper draws from three different bodies of research to discuss the hypothesis that age-appropriate experiences enhance brain and cognitive development throughout the life span. These age-appropriate experiences could be considered as the drivers of development at each age, including drivers to foster development beyond adult abstract thinking, as described in Piaget's formal operational stage. We explore how a nurturing caregiver is the driver in the first 2 years of life, how language learning is the driver from 3 to 10 years, and how problem solving is the driver in the teenage years. To develop beyond adult rational thinking, we suggest that the driver is transcending thought, which can result when practicing meditations in the automatic self-transcending category, such as Transcendental Meditation. © 2016 New York Academy of Sciences.
Travis F.,Maharishi University of Management
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences | Year: 2014
This article explores transcendental experiences during meditation practice and the integration of transcendental experiences and the unfolding of higher states of consciousness with waking, dreaming, and sleeping. The subject/object relationship during transcendental experiences is characterized by the absence of time, space, and body sense-the framework that gives meaning to waking experiences. Physiologically, transcendental experiences during Transcendental Meditation practice are marked by slow inhalation, along with autonomic orientation at the onset of breath changes and heightened α1 (8-10 Hz) frontal coherence. The integration of transcendental experiences with waking, dreaming, and sleeping is also marked by distinct subjective and objective markers. This integrated state, called Cosmic Consciousness in the Vedic tradition, is subjectively marked by inner self-awareness coexisting with waking, sleeping, and dreaming. Physiologically, Cosmic Consciousness is marked by the coexistence of α1 electroencephalography (EEG) with delta EEG during deep sleep, and higher brain integration, greater emotional stability, and decreased anxiety during challenging tasks. Transcendental experiences may be the engine that fosters higher human development. © 2013 New York Academy of Sciences.
Maharishi University of Management | Date: 2014-10-07
Publications, namely, journals in the fields of mathematics as it relates to consciousness and conscious experience and the exploration of the nature of consciousness.