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Bhardwaj S.C.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Bhardwaj S.C.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company Ltd | Prashar M.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Prashar M.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company Ltd | And 10 more authors.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2016

Brown (leaf) rust of wheat, caused by Puccinia triticina was widely distributed in all the wheat growing areas. To identify new pathotypes and determine the virulence pattern of Puccinia triticina, rust samples were analyzed from the wheat growing areas in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. A new pathotype 93R57 (104-4=NHKSP) was identified from Arki area of Solan district in Himachal Pradesh. Among the 37 pathotypes identified in 2124 samples analyzed during 2008-2013, four predominant pathotypes 121R63-1(77-5=THTTS), 21R55 (104-2=PHTTL), 121R60-1(77-9=MHTTS) and 21R63 (104-3=PHTKL) accounted for 68% of the population. These four pathotypes have virulence to Lr1, Lr3, Lr10, Lr11, Lr12, Lr13, Lr14a, Lr16, Lr17, Lr23, Lr26. Virulence on Lr19 was found in 7 samples only whereas the proportion of pathotype 121R60-1 (77-9=MHTTS) has increased recently in Tamil Nadu and was identified in about 40% of the samples from that area. Virulent pathotypes on Lr9, Lr24, Lr25, Lr32, Lr39 and Lr45 were not observed in the field population of brown rust in the Indian subcontinent during the last five cropping seasons.

Saxena K.B.,Indian International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | Ravikoti V.K.,Indian International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | Dalvi V.A.,Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory | Pandey L.B.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company | Gaddikeri G.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company
Journal of Heredity | Year: 2010

Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is a unique food legume because of its partial (20-30%) outcrossing nature, which provides an opportunity to breed commercial hybrids. To achieve this, it is essential to have a stable male-sterility system. This paper reports the selection of a cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility (CMS) system derived from an interspecific cross between a wild relative of pigeonpea (Cajanus sericeus Benth. ex. Bak.) and a cultivar. This male-sterility source was used to breed agronomically superior CMS lines in early (ICPA 2068), medium (ICPA 2032), and late (ICPA 2030) maturity durations. Twenty-three fertility restorers and 30 male-sterility maintainers were selected to develop genetically diverse hybrid combinations. Histological studies revealed that vacuolation of growing tetrads and persistence of tetrad wall were primary causes of the manifestation of male sterility. Genetic studies showed that 2 dominant genes, of which one had inhibitory gene action, controlled fertility restoration in the hybrids. The experimental hybrids such as TK 030003 and TK 030009 in early, ICPH 2307 and TK 030625 in medium, and TK 030861 and TK 030851 in late maturity groups exhibited 30-88% standard heterosis in multilocation trials. © The American Genetic Association. 2010. All rights reserved.

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