Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Nagpur, India

MAFSU formally notified on 17 November 2000 was established under the State Act No. 1998 on 3 December 2000. This university is one of the pioneer institutes related to Veterinary Research and Extension in Central India. It is envisioned that by 2025, the MAFSU will be a globally recognized University of Excellence, specializing in animal, veterinary, dairy and fishery science and technologies. Wikipedia.

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Bhosale M.M.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu University | Mugale R.R.,Dr ricultural University | Yadav S.R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Naveen Kumar B.T.,University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences | Barik P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu University
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2016

Mangroves are one of the most productive ecosystems that densely supports and serve as custodians for juvenile stock. Molluscs are potential source of bioactive compounds and play a crucial role in decomposition of organic matter. The productive molluscan fauna from different habitats have a wide chance of research tofurther explore the ecological value and conservation. In the present work, diversity of bivalve and gastropod from four localities of mangrove habitat along Ratnagiri coast showed that there were 23% bivalve species dominated by Anadara granosa, Crassostrea cattuckensis, Meretrix meretrix, Saccostrea cucullata, while 77% gastropod species which includes Planaxis sulcatus, Littorina scabra, Dostiaviolacea, Cerithium cingulate, Telescopium telescopium, Nodilittorina melanostomaand Casidula nucleus. In the present investigation, about 12 genera and 20 species were recorded amongst the Konkan coast.

Narladkar B.W.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

Prevalence of vector-borne diseases is on a rising trend. Global warming is one of the reasons for this exceptional rise. World Health Organization (WHO) declared "Protect yourself from vector- borne diseases" "Small bite : Big threat" as theme of the year on the occasion of World Health Day (7 April 2014). It is the need of the hour to combat the vectors and protect our animals from vector flies and pests. The best way for combating the vectors is implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) or integrated vector management (IVM) practices suitable to local conditions. One of the objectives of such control programmes is to control the pest/vector population with least damage to environment by using biocontrol agents and if necessary use of chemical pesticides. Present review has attempted to concise all such information pertaining to recent developments in the area of IPM. The other objective of the paper is to highlight and promote the research needed to be undertaken in the area of vector epidemics, biology and biological control.

PubMed | Hislop College and Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary world | Year: 2017

This study aims to study the estrus induction, ovulation, and conception rate of delayed puberty in buffaloes heifers by feeding a herbal plants Totally, 24 buffalo heifers with delayed puberty were selected for the present study and divided randomly in four equal groups (n=6). Before experiment, all animals were dewormed with albendazole at 10 mg/kg body weight to prevent them from the stress of parasitism. In the present experiment, four group taken and Group I (n=6) treated with From Group III 4 heifers, from Group II 3 heifers, and from Group I and IV (Control) 2 heifers each, exhibited the estrus. The estrus response was recorded as 33.33%, 50.00%, 75.00%, and 33.33% in Group I, Group II, Group III, and Group IV, respectively. In treatment Group III, serum calcium found significantly more (p<0.05) on day 8 post-estrus as compared to other groups at a similar interval. Inorganic phosphorus and progesterone show no significant difference between groups. The ovulation and conception rates are comparatively better in Group III (75%) buffalo heifers than other groups.Herbal supplementation of

Soni M.,Institute of Chemical Technology | Shelkar N.,National Health Research Institute | Gaikwad R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Vanage G.,National Health Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Buparvaquone (BPQ), a hydroxynaphthoquinone derivative, has been investigated for the treatment of many infections and is recommended as the gold standard for the treatment of theileriosis. Theileriosis, an intramacrophage infection is localized mainly in reticuloendotheileial system (RES) organs. The present study investigates development of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) of BPQ for targeted delivery to the RES. Materials and Methods: BPQ SLN was prepared using melt method by adding a molten mixture into aqueous Lutrol F68 solution (80°C). Larger batches were prepared up to 6 g of BPQ with GMS: BPQ, 2:1. SLN of designed size were obtained using ultraturrax and high pressure homogenizer. A freeze and thaw study was used to optimize type and concentration of cryoprotectant with Sf: Mean particle size, Si: Initial particle size <1.3. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) study was performed on optimized formulation. Formulation was investigated for in vitro serum stability, hemolysis and cell uptake study. Pharmacokinetic and biodistribution study was performed in Holtzman rat. Results: Based on solubility in lipid; glyceryl monostearate (GMS) was selected for preparation of BPQ SLN. Batches of BPQ SLN were optimized for average particle size and entrapment efficiency at <100 mg solid content. A combination of Solutol HS-15 and Lutrol F68 at 2% w/v and greater enabled the desired Sf/Si < 1.3. Differential scanning calorimetry and powder X-ray diffraction revealed decrease in crystallinity of BPQ in BPQ SLN while, scanning electron microscope revealed spherical morphology. BPQ SLN revealed good stability at 4°C and 25°C. Low hemolytic potential (<8%) and in vitro serum stability up to 5 h was observed. Cytotoxicity of SLN to the U937 cell was low. The macrophage cell line revealed high (52%) uptake of BPQ SLN in 1 h suggesting the potential to RES uptake. SLN revealed longer circulation and biodistrbution study confirmed high RES uptake (75%) in RES organs like liver lung spleen etc. Conclusion: The high RES uptake suggests BPQ SLN as a promising approach for targeted and improved delivery in theileriosis.

Traub R.J.,University of Melbourne | Pednekar R.P.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Cuttell L.,University of Queensland | Porter R.B.,University of Queensland | And 2 more authors.
Veterinary Parasitology | Year: 2014

A gastrointestinal parasite survey of 411 stray and refuge dogs sampled from four geographical and climactically distinct locations in India revealed these animals to represent a significant source of environmental contamination for parasites that pose a zoonotic risk to the public. Hookworms were the most commonly identified parasite in dogs in Sikkim (71.3%), Mumbai (48.8%) and Delhi (39.1%). In Ladakh, which experiences harsh extremes in climate, a competitive advantage was observed for parasites such as Sarcocystis spp. (44.2%), Taenia hydatigena (30.3%) and Echinococcus granulosus (2.3%) that utilise intermediate hosts for the completion of their life cycle. PCR identified Ancylostoma ceylanicum and Ancylostoma caninum to occur sympatrically, either as single or mixed infections in Sikkim (Northeast) and Mumbai (West). In Delhi, A. caninum was the only species identified in dogs, probably owing to its ability to evade unfavourable climatic conditions by undergoing arrested development in host tissue. The expansion of the known distribution of A. ceylanicum to the west, as far as Mumbai, justifies the renewed interest in this emerging zoonosis and advocates for its surveillance in future human parasite surveys. Of interest was the absence of Trichuris vulpis in dogs, in support of previous canine surveys in India. This study advocates the continuation of birth control programmes in stray dogs that will undoubtedly have spill-over effects on reducing the levels of environmental contamination with parasite stages. In particular, owners of pet animals exposed to these environments must be extra vigilant in ensuring their animals are regularly dewormed and maintaining strict standards of household and personal hygiene. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Barbuddhe S.B.,ICAR Research Complex for Goa | Malik S.V.S.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Kumar J.A.,ICAR Research Complex for Goa | Kalorey D.R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Chakraborty T.,Justus Liebig University
International Journal of Food Microbiology | Year: 2012

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause serious invasive illness, mainly in certain well-defined high-risk groups, including elderly and immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, newborns and infants. In India, this pathogen has been isolated from humans, animals and foods. The incidence of Listeria is generally comparable to those reported elsewhere in the world. In humans, maternal/neonatal listeriosis is the most common clinical form reported. Among animal populations, spontaneous abortions, subclinical mastitis, meningoencephalitis and endometritis were the commonest forms reported. The disease largely remains undiagnosed and under reported. From reported analyses of a variety of foods for Listeria, milk and milk products, meat and meat products, seafood and vegetables have been reported to be contaminated in India. The legal framework for microbiological safety of foods against microbes including L. monocytogenes is summarised. The epidemiological studies would help in understanding of the sources of infection and persistence and their risk assessment, routes of transmission, clinical forms and allow for better management of the infection. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Verma A.K.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Banerjee R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2012

There is a positive correlation between excessive intake of sodium and incidence of hypertension. As diet is the main source of sodium, awareness among people regarding its possible role upon health has driven demand for various low sodium foods including meat products. Meat products contribute a significant amount of dietary sodium, thus maligning their own image. However, this is not an easy task as common salt affects taste and flavor, functional attributes, stability, and food safety of meat products. The various properties such as taste and flavor, binding, as well as microbiological characteristics should be given due care while developing low salt meat products and accordingly different approaches have been proposed for processing of such products. Potassium chloride has been mostly used to replace sodium; however, a number of other salts, flavor enhancers, bitter blockers and water, as well as fat binders have also been attempted either alone or in different combinations. A number of low sodium meat products have been developed but their economy and consumer acceptability are the major concerns needing proper attention. In future it is anticipated that these challenges would be overcome to provide well acceptable and cost-effective healthier meat products to the consumers. © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Rahangadale S.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Kurkure N.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Prajapati B.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Hedaoo V.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Bhandarkar A.G.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Toxicology International | Year: 2012

Male wistar rats (weighting 160-180 g) were divided into six groups of six animals per group. Groups A and F served as control. Groups B, C, D, and E received acrylamide at 20 mg/kg body weight for 28 days and groups C and E received additionally vitamin E (50 IU/kg body weight) for 1 to 28 days and 29 to 42 days of experiment, respectively. The animals from groups A, B, and C were sacrificed on day 28 of experiment and from groups D, E, and F on day 42 of experiment, respectively. The FOB (Functional Observational Battery) and histopathological changes were investigated at the end of 4 th week and 6 th week. FOB at the end of 4 th week, of rats given acrylamide alone, or in combination with vitamin E, revealed a significant change in CNS, neuromuscular, and autonomic domains. A marked decrease in grip strength was recorded. A significant increase in foot splay, reduction in width and angle of sequential stride was noticed. Degenerative changes, necrosis, congestion, and kupffer cell proliferation in liver while vacuolar degenerative changes in tubular epithelium, coagulative necrosis, and hemorrhages in kidney were constant findings in acrylamide intoxicated rats. Neuronal degeneration, severe gliosis, congestion were found in brain. Spinal cord revealed demyelination. Acute microscopic softening of lumbar cord, bilateral necrosis with malacia and liquefaction of white matter, and loss of myelin from grey matter were seen. In the recovery period, vitamin E-treated rats revealed improvement in remyelination of spinal cord. In brain mild gliosis was seen. Thus, it appears that vitamin E is not able to protect them from acrylamide toxicity during active feeding, but after cessation of acrylamide feeding treatment with vitamin E revealed faster recovery as compared to the non-treated group.

PubMed | Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular biology research communications | Year: 2016

Myxosporean taxonomy which is traditionally based on the morphology of the myxospore stage, is in a state of flux given new insights provided by the expanding dataset of DNA sequences. To date, more than 40 species of

PubMed | Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular biology research communications | Year: 2016

Myxozoans are an economically important group of microscopic parasites best known for the diseases they cause in commercially important fish hosts. The classification of myxosporeans is generally based on the morphology of their myxospores. Without molecular data, it is very difficult to identify new or existing species. DNA sequence information is therefore, a prerequisite to taxonomic and phylogenic studies of myxosporeans. In the present study, a myxozoan parasite,

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