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Nagpur, India

MAFSU formally notified on 17 November 2000 was established under the State Act No. 1998 on 3 December 2000. This university is one of the pioneer institutes related to Veterinary Research and Extension in Central India. It is envisioned that by 2025, the MAFSU will be a globally recognized University of Excellence, specializing in animal, veterinary, dairy and fishery science and technologies. Wikipedia.

Kadam M.M.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Kadam M.M.,University of New England of Australia | Barekatain M.R.,University of New England of Australia | K Bhanja S.,Central Avian Research Institute | Iji P.A.,University of New England of Australia
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

In ovo supplementation of poultry embryos was first reported several decades ago, but it is only recently that concerted research has been directed at developing the technology for this process to be routinely used by the poultry industry. Although the technology of in ovo feeding was patented more than 10 years ago, it has not been widely adopted by the poultry industry. This review examines the early development of the enteric system of the poultry embryo; defines and distinguishes between in ovo feeding and in ovo nutrient administration; highlights the importance of early feeding of the chick; and discusses the development of in ovo feeding technology and its effects on hatchability, growth, gut health and immune response of chicks. The range of possible nutrients that can be administered is also explored. The limitations associated with embryo development and nutrient metabolism are highlighted, leading to the prediction of the future role of in ovo feeding in the poultry industry. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

Barbuddhe S.B.,ICAR Research Complex for Goa | Malik S.V.S.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Kumar J.A.,ICAR Research Complex for Goa | Kalorey D.R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Chakraborty T.,Justus Liebig University
International Journal of Food Microbiology | Year: 2012

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause serious invasive illness, mainly in certain well-defined high-risk groups, including elderly and immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, newborns and infants. In India, this pathogen has been isolated from humans, animals and foods. The incidence of Listeria is generally comparable to those reported elsewhere in the world. In humans, maternal/neonatal listeriosis is the most common clinical form reported. Among animal populations, spontaneous abortions, subclinical mastitis, meningoencephalitis and endometritis were the commonest forms reported. The disease largely remains undiagnosed and under reported. From reported analyses of a variety of foods for Listeria, milk and milk products, meat and meat products, seafood and vegetables have been reported to be contaminated in India. The legal framework for microbiological safety of foods against microbes including L. monocytogenes is summarised. The epidemiological studies would help in understanding of the sources of infection and persistence and their risk assessment, routes of transmission, clinical forms and allow for better management of the infection. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Franzoni G.,Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency | Franzoni G.,University of Surrey | Kurkure N.V.,Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency | Kurkure N.V.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | And 7 more authors.
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2013

Vaccination with live attenuated classical swine fever virus (CSFV) induces solid protection after only 5 days, which has been associated with virus-specific T cell gamma interferon (IFN-γ) responses. In this study, we employed flow cytometry to characterize T cell responses following vaccination and subsequent challenge infections with virulent CSFV. The CD3 + CD4- CD8hi T cell population was the first and major source of CSFV-specific IFN-γ. A proportion of these cells showed evidence for cytotoxicity, as evidenced by CD107a mobilization, and coexpressed tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). To assess the durability and recall of these responses, a second experiment was conducted where vaccinated animals were challenged with virulent CSFV after 5 days and again after a further 28 days. While virus-specific CD4 T cell (CD3+ CD4+ CD8α+) responses were detected, the dominant response was again from the CD8 T cell population, with the highest numbers of these cells being detected 14 and 7 days after the primary and secondary challenges, respectively. These CD8 T cells were further characterized as CD44hi CD62L- and expressed variable levels of CD25 and CD27, indicative of a mixed effector and effector memory phenotype. The majority of virus-specific IFN-γ+ CD8 T cells isolated at the peaks of the response after each challenge displayed CD107a on their surface, and subpopulations that coexpressed TNF-α and interleukin 2 (IL-2) were identified. While it is hoped that these data will aid the rational design and/or evaluation of next-generation marker CSFV vaccines, the novel flow cytometric panels developed should also be of value in the study of porcine T cell responses to other pathogens/vaccines. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Narladkar B.W.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

Prevalence of vector-borne diseases is on a rising trend. Global warming is one of the reasons for this exceptional rise. World Health Organization (WHO) declared "Protect yourself from vector- borne diseases" "Small bite : Big threat" as theme of the year on the occasion of World Health Day (7 April 2014). It is the need of the hour to combat the vectors and protect our animals from vector flies and pests. The best way for combating the vectors is implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) or integrated vector management (IVM) practices suitable to local conditions. One of the objectives of such control programmes is to control the pest/vector population with least damage to environment by using biocontrol agents and if necessary use of chemical pesticides. Present review has attempted to concise all such information pertaining to recent developments in the area of IPM. The other objective of the paper is to highlight and promote the research needed to be undertaken in the area of vector epidemics, biology and biological control.

Verma A.K.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University | Banerjee R.,Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2012

There is a positive correlation between excessive intake of sodium and incidence of hypertension. As diet is the main source of sodium, awareness among people regarding its possible role upon health has driven demand for various low sodium foods including meat products. Meat products contribute a significant amount of dietary sodium, thus maligning their own image. However, this is not an easy task as common salt affects taste and flavor, functional attributes, stability, and food safety of meat products. The various properties such as taste and flavor, binding, as well as microbiological characteristics should be given due care while developing low salt meat products and accordingly different approaches have been proposed for processing of such products. Potassium chloride has been mostly used to replace sodium; however, a number of other salts, flavor enhancers, bitter blockers and water, as well as fat binders have also been attempted either alone or in different combinations. A number of low sodium meat products have been developed but their economy and consumer acceptability are the major concerns needing proper attention. In future it is anticipated that these challenges would be overcome to provide well acceptable and cost-effective healthier meat products to the consumers. © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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