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Jain K.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Mehendiratta M.,ITS Dental College
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology | Year: 2016

Background: This study is based on finding of an inexplicable artifact that was seen in the tissue received as periapical granuloma. Aim: To observe the histological appearance of different commonly implanted food particles and easily incorporated substances from a laboratory in the oral biopsy tissues. Materials and Methods: Various food particles such as wheat chapatti, beans, peas, pulses, and coriander leaves and substances such as a suture, cotton, and paper that can easily gain entry during biopsy and histotechnical procedures were intentionally introduced in the tissue specimens of a uterus from outside. Both light and polarizing microscopes were utilized to view them. Results: Different food particles and substances gave different appearances that could lead to misdiagnosis. Some of these also exhibited positive birefringence under the polarizing microscope. Conclusion: Knowledge and familiarity with probable foreign substances which can appear in tissues may help prevent misdiagnosis or erroneous diagnosis of biopsy specimens. © 2016 Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology.

Khadse S.V.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Bajaj G.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Center | Vibhakar P.,Terna Dental College | Nainani P.,Dental College and Research Center BhopalMadhya Pradesh | Deep G.,SGRD Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Hepatitis B viral infection is a global health issue. Various screening and confirmatory serological tests have evolved in the past few decades for detection of hepatitis B. However, oral fluid as an alternative to blood could provide substantial advantages. The study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of oral fluid in detecting hepatitis B surface antigen using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Materials and Methods: Salivary and blood samples were collected from 40 seropositive and 40 seronegative patients of hepatitis B viral infection and were subjected to ELISA test for hepatitis B surface antigen. Mann-Whitney U test was used to test the statistical significance and Kappa (K) statistic was used to assess the degree of agreement between serum and oral fluid samples. The p-value <0.05 was considered as significant value. Result: A sensitivity and specificity of 100% of oral fluid assay was obtained for the diagnosis of hepatitis B infection. The degree of agreement between saliva and serum for detection of hepatitis B was found to be perfect (Kappa value =1). Conclusion: Oral fluid testing can be an interesting, alternative for hepatitis B infection for diagnosis and screening for epidemiological purposes. Further research necessitates for the implementation of saliva as a diagnostic tool. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights Reserved.

Sethi H.S.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Munjal D.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Dhingra R.,SGT Dental College | Malik N.S.,Guru Govind Singh Dental College | Sidhu G.K.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Eruption of tooth at about 6 months of age is a significant stage in child’s life and is an emotional event for parents. However, a tooth present in the oral cavity of newborn can lead to a lot of delusions. Natal and neonatal teeth are of utmost importance not only for a dentist but also for a paediatrician due to parent’s anxiety, folklore superstitions and numerous associated complications with it. This paper reports a rare case, wherein a natal tooth has led to the development of a reactive fibrous hyperplasia in an 8-week-old infant. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All right reserved.

Kaur H.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Singh B.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Sharma A.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Aim: Diabetes mellitus is undiagnosed in approximately half of the patients actually suffering from the disease. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is nearly twice in patients with periodontitis as compared to periodontally healthy subjects.In addition, the prevalence of Diabetes mellitus is more than twice as high as in patients with periodontitis when compared to periodontally healthy subjects. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether blood oozing from gingival crevice during routine periodontal examination can be used for determining glucose levels. Material and Methods: In the present study 50 patients(25 diabetic and 25 non-diabetic) with chronic periodontitis were selected and were divided into two groups i.e. Group I and Group II, respectively. Blood glucose measurements were made using gingival crevicular blood, finger stick blood using glucose self-monitoring device (Finetest™; Infopia Co.Ltd;Korea) and at the same time intra venous blood was collected for measurement in a laboratory glucose analyzer. Each laboratory measurement was corrected from a serum glucose value to a whole blood glucose value by a function of the patient's haematocrit. Results: The patient's blood glucose values ranged from 83.6 to 483mg/dl in diabetic patients(Group I) and 70-218 mg/dl in non-diabetic individuals (Group II) to 83.6 to 483mg/dl. The comparison between gingival crevicular blood, finger-prick blood and corrected intra venous blood showed a very strong correlation with an r value of 0.99(P level< 0.001) Conclusion: The data from this study has shown that gingival crevicular blood collected during diagnostic periodontal examination can be an excellent source of blood for glucometric analysis.

Dhingra R.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center | Munjal D.,Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2013

The role of dental characteristics to identify deceased individuals is well recognized since late nineteenth century. This application of dental science for the identification of the deceased had originally been driven by external agencies, for instance police; coroner's and courts instead of the dental community. However once the value of forensic odontology was recognized by dentists, it has evolved into a specialty within. Today forensic odontology is considered specialized and reliable method for identification of the deceased, particularly in disaster situations.

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