Magyar Foldtani es Geofizikai Intezet

Budapest, Hungary

Magyar Foldtani es Geofizikai Intezet

Budapest, Hungary
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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-13a-2014 | Award Amount: 2.09M | Year: 2015

The exploitation of minerals in Europe is an indispensable activity to ensure that the present and future needs of the European society can be met. This means that sufficient access is required to explore and exploit minerals. At the same time the mineral needs of our society must be met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Accordingly exploitable mineral deposits (known deposits, abandoned mines and historical mining sites) need to be assessed against other land uses, taking into account criteria such as habitats, other environmental concerns, priorities for settlements, etc. Access to mineral deposits, on the other hand, also meets public interests such as raw materials security (compared with many international access options). The deliberation between these diverse land uses requires adequate consideration of the exclusiveness, reversibility, and consequences on the surrounding. The overall objective of MINATURA 2020 is to develop a concept and methodology (i.e. a harmonised European regulatory/guidance/policy framework) for the definition and subsequent protection of mineral deposits of public importance in order to ensure their best use in the future. Providing a policy planning framework that comprises the sustainability principle for mining is the key driving force behind MINATURA.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2011

PanGeo is a service proposed in response to FP7 GMES Downstream Call 3 (released July 2009). The objective of PanGeo is to enable free and open access to geohazard information in support of GMES. This will be achieved by the generation of a validated Geohazard Data Layer supported by a Geohazard Summary for 52 of the largest towns listed in the GMES Land Themes Urban Atlas involving all 27 countries of the EU. Upon user enquiry, a PanGeo web-portal will automatically integrate the geohazard data with the Urban Atlas to highlight the polygons influenced. The datasets will be made discoverable, accessible and useable via a distributed web-map system as built and demonstrated by OneGeology Europe (www.onegeology-europe.eu). The key users of PanGeo are anticipated as: Local Authority planners and regulators who are concerned with managing development risk, National geological surveys and geoscience institutes who are obliged to collect geohazard data for public benefit, Policy-makers concerned with assessing and comparing European geological risk, much as the Urban Atlas data is used to compare the landcover/use status of European towns. Products will be made by integrating: a) interpreted InSAR terrain-motion data (derived from existing projects, e.g. ESA GSE Terrafirma plus new processing), b) geological information, and c) the landcover and landuse data contained within the Urban Atlas. The integration and interpretation, plus a validation of key features observed, will be made by the corresponding national Geological Survey for the towns concerned. It is planned to deliver the service for two Urban Atlas towns in each country of the EU (Luxembourg and Cyprus only 1), equalling fifty-two towns in total. The geological survey concerned will choose the towns for processing from the Urban Atlas list using their own knowledge as to where the information will be of most use, probably the largest towns, which, when extrapolated, would equal (13% of total EU urban population). User input to design will be facilitated by the Surveys contracted into the project and initiation of Local Authority Feedback Group. Terrafirma has shown the potential for the self-sustainability of services providing InSAR-derived terrain-motion data, as 30% of users have gone on to procure further product on a commercial basis. In PanGeo, it is anticipated that, by adding considerably more value as described above, and promoting the clear benefits of such key environmental information, that the local authorities of neighbouring towns will begin to demand similar.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: LCE-26-2016 | Award Amount: 31.30M | Year: 2017

The GeoERA proposal is put forward by the national and regional Geological Survey Organisations (GSO) of Europe. Its overall goal is to integrate the GSOs information and knowledge on subsurface energy, water and raw material resources, to support sustainable use of the subsurface in addressing Europes grand challenges. The GeoERA consortium will organise and co-fund together with the EC a joint call for transnational research projects that address the development of 1) interoperable, pan-European data and information services on the distribution of geo-energy, groundwater and raw material resources; 2) common assessment frameworks and methodologies supporting better understanding and management of the water-energy-raw materials nexus and potential impacts and risks of subsurface use; 3) knowledge and services aimed at European, national and regional policy makers, industry and other stakeholders to support a more integrated and efficient management and more responsible and publicly accepted exploitation and use of the subsurface. The transnational projects selected in the call will be implemented by the consortium partners themselves, who provide their co-funding in-kind. GeoERA will contribute to the overall EU objective of building the ERA through enhanced cooperation and coordination of national and regional Geological Survey research programmes. GeoERA will also include forward looking activities, including the creation of opportunities for future collaborative research, and the feasibility assessment of an Article 185 initiative in Applied Geoscience as follow-up to the GeoERA ERA-NET towards the development of the ultimate goal of delivering a Geological Service for Europe.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2010.5.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.62M | Year: 2010

The EU has made significant progress in CCS as a bridging technology for combating climate change, but this must now accelerate and be spread evenly throughout EU Member States and Associated Countries. In this context, CO2GeoNet, CO2NET EAST and ENeRG are joining forces, pooling their expertise and building on their Networking experience to form CGS Europe, a unique concerted European reference point on CO2 storage. The objective of CGS Europe is to build a credible, independent and representative pan-European scientific body of expertise on CO2 geological storage that will: (i) create a durable networking of research capacity on CO2 storage in Europe, (ii) liaise and coordinate its activities with other stakeholders, including the ZEP Technology Platform, (iii) facilitate the large-scale demonstration and industrial deployment of CCS, (iv) support the implementation of the EU Directive on the geological storage of CO2 and other regulatory regimes. This will be achieved by: (i) setting up coordination and integration mechanisms between the CO2GeoNet Association and the 23 other participants, thus covering most of Europe with 24 EU Member States and 4 Associated Countries, (ii) setting up links and cooperation with other initiatives at national, European and international levels, (iii) preparing a framework enabling the consortium to be independent from EC funding after the end of the project. CGS Europe will strive to compile and structure the existing research results, policy and regulations in a centralised knowledge repository to enable stakeholders to easily find pertinent information. Knowledge development will be ensured by the sharing of good practices, the assessment of research needs and the fostering of new research projects. A major effort will be dedicated to knowledge dissemination and capacity building, aiming at giving impartial and understandable information to the different stakeholders, according to their specific needs in each country.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2011.10.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.36M | Year: 2012

The proposed ERA-NET will deepen the cooperation of national program owners and administrators and thus be an enabler for the integration of national research and development agendas into a coherent European geothermal R&D program. Countries participating in the first instance in this ERA NET are chosen on the basis of their ambitions to include geothermal energy into their goals for 2020 and 2050 on the reduction of CO2 emissions. A cornerstone of the implementation will be the broadening of this ERA NET partnership by including additional European national program owners to ensure the appropriate geographic balance and complementarily. The Geothermal ERA-NET will focus on the utilization of geothermal energy, from direct heating use up to higher enthalpy resources and their corresponding use (e.g. power generation). To ensure appropriate linkages to related R&D activities (renewable heating and cooling via ground storage heat pumps, power distribution and transmission) the interface with related ERA-NETs such as ERACOBUILD or SmartGrids will be maintained to avoid overlap. The ERA NET will include technical and non-technical issues as long they can be considered to be exclusively applied to the support of geothermal energy utilization. A significant instrument will be the EERA Joint Programme on Geothermal Energy whose aim it is to contribute via research and development to the renewable energy targets for 2020 and beyond in member and associated states. Coordination activities will focus on implementation of commonly agreed objectives and joint activities and funding of joint transnational research actions


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2013.4.1-3 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2013

The Minerals4EU project is designed to meet the recommendations of the Raw Materials Initiative and will develop an EU Mineral intelligence network structure delivering a web portal, a European Minerals Yearbook and foresight studies. The network will provide data, information and knowledge on mineral resources around Europe, based on an accepted business model, making a fundamental contribution to the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials (EIP RM), seen by the Competitiveness Council as key for the successful implementation of the major EU2020 policies.The Minerals4EU project will firstly establish the EU minerals intelligence network structure, comprising European minerals data providers and stakeholders, and transform this into a sustainable operational service. Minerals4EU will therefore contribute to and support decision making on the policy and adaptation strategies of the Commission, as well as supporting the security of EU resource and raw materials supply, by developing a network structure with mineral information data and products, based on authoritative of information sources.The Minerals4EU project is built around an INSPIRE compatible infrastructure that enables EU geological surveys and other partners to share mineral information and knowledge, and stakeholders to find, view and acquire standardized and harmonized georesource and related data. The target of the Minerals4EU project is to integrate the best available mineral expertise and information based on the knowledge base of member geological surveys and other relevant stakeholders, in support of public policy-making, industry, society, communication and education purposes at European and international levels. The Minerals4EU consortium possesses the skills and resources to make this the leading European mineral information network structure that will provide tools and expertise to enhance resource efficiency, minerals supply security and support sustainable mineral development for Europe.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2009.1.1.01 | Award Amount: 4.71M | Year: 2010

DORIS is an advanced downstream service for the detection, mapping, monitoring and forecasting of ground deformations, that integrates traditional and innovative Earth Observation (EO) and ground based (non-EO) data and technologies. The service delivers innovative products tailored for Civil Defense authorities. DORIS integrates state-of-the-art technological and scientific capabilities with existing European upstream services, complies with guidelines provided by the Emergency Response Core Services Interdisciplinary Group, and is linked to existing Core Services, including SAFER and GMES EMERGENCY. DORIS goes beyond the state-of-the-art technologies used to detect, map, monitor and forecast ground deformations. DORIS uses the unique ERS-1/2 and ENVISAT C-band SAR archives to provide unprecedented, very long time-series of ground deformations. DORIS evaluates new SAR sensors, including ALOS, COSMO-SkyMed and TERRASAR-X, exploiting the different bands (L/X), the significantly reduced revisiting time, and the higher spatial resolution offered by these sensors. DORIS moves forward the integration of satellite and ground-based SAR interferometry, coupled with GPS measurements and geophysical probing. DORIS exploits multi-spectral images to map ground deformations, to identify the elements at risk, and for dynamic risk scenarios design. Finally, DORIS investigates the possibility of using thermal images for the assessment of landslide susceptibility and hazard. DORIS will be tested in six study areas in Europe. Successful application of the service in these areas guarantees that the downstream service will work in Europe. DORIS will provide a business model for long term self-sustainability of the service; the project is proposed by a unique team of public administrations, research institutes, and enterprises with experience in EO technologies for Civil Defence applications. DORIS favors knowledge and technology transfer, and will stimulate European competitiveness.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRG | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-4-3.IRG | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2009

This application relates to the water (i.e., H\, OH-, H2O) distribution in the Earths lithosphere and its bearing on the Earths geophysical properties. The aim of this proposal is to explore the distribution of water in the lithosphere and understand its effect on the geophysical properties (seismic and electric conductivity) of lithospheric rocks. This development has the potential to provide a better insight into the rheology and dynamics of the Earths lithosphere, and may facilitate assessment of the risk of earthquakes. This is because water is known to weaken minerals even at very low concentration levels (ppm). There are basaltic volcanoes in the Carpathian-Pannonian region, which sampled the Earths lithosphere by picking up rocks from the lithosphere (i.e., xenoliths) during their eruption. More importantly, some of these xenolith bearing basaltic volcanoes sit close to geophysical cross-sections which provides an extraordinary chance to correlate geophysical measurements against xenoliths and their water concentration. A new, revolutionary infrared method currently discovered at the Research School of Earth Sciences in Australia will be utilized by the Eotvos Lorand Geophysical Institute in Hungary which will allow a much simpler analysis of a large number of xenoliths for water. The aims of the proposal are the following: 1) Study diffusion profiles of water in xenoliths to reveal their representativity for the source region 2) Understanding the distribution of water in the lithosphere; 3) To improve geophysical models by integrating the newly emerging information on water distribution in mantle rocks into already existing seismic databases.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.63M | Year: 2011

The security of space assets are affected by the high-energy charged particle environment in the radiation belts. The controlling principal source and loss mechanisms in the radiation belts are not yet completely understood. During a geomagnetic storm the length of time during which space assets are in danger is determined by the loss mechanisms, particularly by relativistic electron precipitation. The primary mechanism for this precipitation is the interaction of several wave modes with resonant electrons which leads to scattering into the atmospheric loss cone. The nature of the wave activity and the interactions between the waves and radiation belt particles are strongly governed by the properties of the plasmasphere. At this point there are few existing and regular measurements of plasmaspheric properties, with existing plasmaspheric models lacking the structures known to exist in the real plasmasphere. There is evidence that enhanced wave activity and enhanced radiation belt losses occur due to such structures. In addition, there are large uncertainties concerning the fundamental nature of relativistic electron precipitation (REP), due to the difficulties of undertaking quality in-situ measurements. To address these uncertainties in this proposed project we will provide regular longitudinally-resolved measurements plasmaspheric electron and mass densities and hence monitor the changing composition of the plasmasphere, one of the properties which determines wave growth. This will allow us to develop a data assimilative model of the plasmasphere. At the same time, we will monitor the occurrence and properties of REP, tying the time-resolved loss of relativistic electrons to the dynamic plasmasphere observations. Our approach will primarily use ground-based networks of observing stations, operating in the ULF and VLF ranges, deployed on a worldwide level. Our proposal is made up of 6 work packages to meet these science goals.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2012.2.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.66M | Year: 2013

In this project we investigate solar system plasma turbulence from in-situ data gathered by automated platforms launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. We investigate how the features of turbulence and intermittency vary with the solar activity and estimate the corresponding impact. We use electromagnetic field and plasma data provided by a core of three ESA spacecraft, Ulysses, Venus Express and the Cluster quartet, in coherence with data from other missions like ESAs Giotto and Rosetta, NASAs THEMIS, Cassini and Mars Global Surveyor. Complementary to the satellite databases we study the fluctuations of the geomagnetic field observed on ground. A package of advanced nonlinear analysis methods will be applied on the selected data sets. Power Spectral Densities (PSD) and Probability Distribution Functions (PDF) will be computed first. In a next step we apply five higher-order methods of analysis: (i) the partition function multifractal analysis, (ii) the Rank Ordered Multifractal analysis, (iii) the wave telescope, (iv) the multi-spacecraft methods for anisotropy (v) the discriminating statistics. The targeted physical processes are: the turbulent transfer of energy and dissipation, the intermittency and multifractals, the anisotropy, and non-linearity of the solar system plasma turbulence. The Consortium includes European experts with valuable achievements in space plasma turbulence and complexity, as well as in satellite data analysis. The members of the Consortium are principal or co-investigators of several experiments on-board the selected missions. Two American experts agreed to collaborate and will increase the links with major space actors like the USA. The project responds to the Objectives of the Call by its international, multi-disciplinary dimension, the large number of targeted space missions and databases and the associated analysis methods, and the ambitious scientific objectives that are expected to have a significant impact.

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