San Pedro, Costa Rica
San Pedro, Costa Rica

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Gonzalez Isaza P.,University Militar Of Colombia | Ruiz Rosas A.I.,Magister University | Ruiz Rosas A.I.,National University of Colombia | Velez Rizo D.L.,University of La Sabana
Urologia Colombiana | Year: 2017

Objective To describe the results of the fractional CO2 laser as an alternative treatment for stress urinary incontinence in post-menopausal women, and to demonstrate an improvement in quality of life after the treatment. Materials and methods A prospective, single centre descriptive study was conducted on 10 post-menopausal patients with diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence. Recruited patients were evaluated with Stress Cough test and urethral Mobility Q-Tip Test, which confirmed the diagnosis. They then began a 3 session treatment protocol; 1 every 3 weeks using the SmartXide2 V2LR fractional microablative CO2 laser system for the MonaLisa Touch™ procedure in the urethrovesical junction. The Urogenital Distress Inventory UDI-6 was performed to evaluate severity and quality of life impact related to stress urinary incontinence in the patients included in the study, before and after treatment. Patients were monitored from July to December 2013. Results Analysis of the UDI-6 Scores before and at the end of treatment showed an improvement in the score in comparison to the baseline condition, indicating a subjective improvement in all the symptoms related to SUI included in the score. Conclusions The MonaLisa Touch™ procedure performed with SmartXide2 V2LR laser system is a complementary alternative to traditional surgical techniques, providing a safe and effective treatment for urinary incontinence in post-menopausal women. © 2016 Sociedad Colombiana de Urología


Introduction A process of construction of institutional declaration of mental health patient's duties and rights is shown, highlighting that mentally ill people are considered particularly susceptible to the violation of their rights. Some aspects from historical, quality issues and law in Colombia are presented. Some declarations of rights were available, but they needed to be updated and adapted to the specific conditions of mental hospital health care. Material and methods Qualitative research, literature search, focus groups and consultation meetings of duties and rights with representatives of patients, families, residents of psychiatry, medicine students, and mental health workers. It sets out general principles and definitions, looking understandability of the Declaration by the different groups involved. Results The final document had users participation, this methodology is compatible with the regulations in Colombia, bioethical principles, quality issues and community participation. The final declaration was approved and integrated with corporate information. © 2012 Asociacióln Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.


Tunardi Y.,University for Information Science and Technology | Suharjito,Magister University
International Review on Computers and Software | Year: 2016

Agriculture sector has an important role in Indonesia. However,there are still many problems to deal with, such as pests and diseases, especially for paddy which is an important crop because it is the main food for people in Indonesia. Many things have been done by the government to solve that problem, but it has not been resolved because of the lack of knowledge of Indonesian farmers. This research proposes a new way to solve that problem by applying optimized Fuzzy Logic (Fuzzy K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means) with Bee Colony to get pest and disease classifications for paddy based on existing symptoms. Bee Colony will be used to determine the initial centroid for Fuzzy Logic. The proposed approach is evaluated based on the accuracy by comparing the value of Mean Square Error (MSE) and the accuracy of every method for pest and disease classifications. MSE of the new model is smaller than regular Fuzzy Logic by 0.016 for FCM and 1.213 for FKM. The accuracy of the new model is greater than regular Fuzzy Logic by 13.87% for FCM and 18.39% for FKM. It can be concluded that Bee Colony can be used to optimize Fuzzy Logic for pest and disease classifications for paddy with better classification results. © 2016 Praise Worthy Prte S.r.l. - All rights reserved.


This paper discusses the no-place concept under the simultaneous emergence of global cities and the wearing down of industrial districts. A typology of no place is proposed focused on the change of the urban tructure and its integration disruption processes. Thinking about developing instruments of a new urbanism (post-globalization), the proposal is to prioritize and intervene no-places resulting from the dying industrial city, of global mobility networks thought only in global functional and corporate terms, and of mercantilization with the fragmentation of the historical hubs.


PubMed | University of Chile, Magister University and University of Miami
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Investigacion y educacion en enfermeria | Year: 2016

To assess the relationship between knowledge and self efficacy associated to HIV/AIDS in women from Chile with social disadvantages.Correlation study that uses the baseline assessment of the Testing an HIV and AIDS intervention in Chilean women study, carried out between 2006 and 2008, with a sample of 496 women between 18 and 49 years old, in 2 neighborhoods of Santiago de Chile. Participants answered a structured survey conducted by trained interviewers. The survey included questions about sociodemographic information, risk behaviors and a self-efficacy knowledge scale among others.The average age was 32.39.1 years, 72.2% live with their partner and 42.7% have completed high school education. The mean score of HIV infection knowledge was 8.92.5, while the mean score for the three scales used to measure self-efficacy were: Peer rules =9.83.6, Risk reduction intentions =12.23.6 and Self Efficacy Form=20.24.7. HIV knowledge had a weak positive correlation with the Risk reduction intentions scale (r=0.19; p<0.0001) and the Self Efficacy Form scale (r=0.34; p<0.0001), however there was no correlation with the Safe sex peer rules (r=0.13;p=0.78).There is a weak positive correlation between the HIV/AIDS related knowledge and self-efficacy among Chilean with social disadvantages.


PubMed | University of Chile, University for Development, Magister University and Enfermera Policlinico Of Pediatria En Hospital San Juan Of Dios Of Santiago
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Investigacion y educacion en enfermeria | Year: 2016

To describe attitudes, knowledge and perceptions of nurses and nursing students towards the people who live with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).Bibliographic study in which six electronic databases were searched using the key words: attitude, knowledge, nursing, perceptions, HIV/AIDS. Publications between 1998 and 2007 were considered.560 articles limited by scientific researches or ministerial reports membership were retrieved. Finally a total of 38 publications were selected, the analysis showed that the level of knowledge of nurses and nursing students about PLWHA is good and the attitudes towards HIV/AIDS have improved over time. Nurses and nursing students have been able to identify both positive and negative aspects in the PLWHA care personally and professionally because there is a more favourable perception.There are few studies in Latin America and Chile that study the attitudes and knowledge of the studied population towards PLWHA. According to publications found the knowledge and attitudes have improved because the perception is more favourable.


Augmented reality allows students to visualize tridimensional shapes by turning and handing them in the palm of their hand. Taking objects "away" from the computer improves the students' perception of the three projection planes. A pedagogical application was designed with this new representation tool. Tridimensional models were made using the Google Sketchup open license software to view these 3D models using augmented reality. Handling the 3D models by students improves the clarity of tridimensional perception. The project also allowed for the assessment of pedagogical aspects, including the ways through which students improve their learning experience and how teachers can use these tools to build a more interactive setting where students can play an active role in the construction of their own learning environment. © 2016 Instituto de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Facultad de Ciencias de la Ingeniería, Universidad Austral de Chile.


PubMed | National University of Colombia, Magister University and University of Antioquia
Type: | Journal: Revista colombiana de psiquiatria | Year: 2015

To determine the effectiveness of the psychosocial strategies designed to improve the outcomes in adults with schizophrenia in both, acute and stable phase of the disorder. This evidence is used to propose recommendation in the guidelines of integral attention for the diagnosis, treatment and psychosocial rehabilitation of adults with schizophrenia.A guideline for clinical practice was developed using the methodological framework of theMinisterio de la Proteccin Socialto collect evidence and grading recommendations.Asearch, evaluation and synthesis of evidence were carried out. The evidence was presented to the Guideline Developing Group and recommendations, employing the GRADE system, were produced.The psychoeducation and family intervention showed higher efficacy, compared with the usual treatment, to prevent relapses and hospital readmissions, to reduce family burden and to improve adherence to treatment. The social skill training was effective to improve symptoms, social functioning and quality of life. However, the quality of evidence was low. There was not enough evidence about the efficacy of occupational therapy, but considering patients preferences and its wide clinical utilization, the GDG suggested its inclusion.Psychoeducation, family intervention and social skill training are recommended to be offered for the treatment of schizophrenia. Furthermore, occupational therapy is suggested for inpatients and outpatients with the disorder.


Compact fluorescent lamps and high-power lightemitting diodes use an electronic device that injects harmonics into distribution networks, thereby altering power quality levels. This paper shows these lamps' electrical characterisation and the results of a computer simulation of a radial distribution feeder supplying electricity to customers who use this type of harmonic load. The objective was to analyse the effect on distribution systems due to CFLs and LEDs' high penetration.


Vilches D.,Magister University | Alburquerque G.,Bernardo O'Higgins University | Ramirez-Tagle R.,Bernardo O'Higgins University
Educacion Quimica | Year: 2016

While chemical weapons have been used since the beginning of armed struggles, either for their flammable or toxic properties, it was only during World War I when what is known as "modern" chemical warfare began. July 28 marks the one hundred and one anniversary of the beginning of what is also known as "The Great War". This conflict created enormous consequences for society at the time, marking a before and after in the history of mankind, as well as being the genesis of modern chemical warfare. © 2016 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Química.

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