MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute

Rovereto, Italy

MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute

Rovereto, Italy
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Nicoletti A.,MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | Nicoletti A.,University of Bologna | Ziccardi L.,Gb Bietti Foundation Irccs | Maltese P.E.,MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | And 7 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2017

Aims: X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) is a severe ocular disorder that can evolve to blindness. More than 200 different disease-causing mutations have been reported in the RS1 gene and approximately 10% of these are deletions. Since transmission is X-linked, males are always affected and females are usually carriers. The identification of female carriers is always important and poses a technical challenge. Therefore, we sought to develop a multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA)-based method to identify deletions or duplications in this gene. We then used our assay to study a large XLRS family. Methods: We designed six probes specific for each RS1 exon and then optimized and validated our method using control samples with known gene deletions. In the XLRS family, RS1 gene copy number variation was assessed by "home-made" MLPA analysis and by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis using the Cyto- Scan HD Array. Direct sequencing was used for deletion breakpoint mapping. Results: Our assay detected all deletions in control samples. All affected males of the family were positive for a deletion of exon 2 of the RS1 gene (RS1:NM000330:c.53-78+?del). Carrier females were also identified. Conclusion: Our method is easily replicated, reliable, and inexpensive and allows female carriers to be detected. This is the first report of deep characterization of a whole exon deletion in the RS1 gene.


Maltese P.,MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | Ziccardi L.,Neuro Ophthalmology Unit | Iarossi G.,Bambino Gesu Irccs Childrens Hospital | Gusson E.,University of Verona | And 7 more authors.
Ophthalmic Genetics | Year: 2017

Background: Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome is a very rare disease mainly characterized by severe eye abnormalities and osteoporosis but also causing a broader range of clinical features. The syndrome is associated with homozygous or compound heterozygous variations in the LRP5 gene. In this report, we describe two children with a severe early-onset form of familial exudative vitreoretinopathy associated with skeletal abnormalities. Materials and methods: Two probands (4 and 7 years of age respectively) and their parents were assessed by genetic analysis and comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Results: In both probands, the diagnosis of osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome was confirmed by detection of three new pathogenic LRP5 variants: p.(Asp379Asn), found in the homozygous state in one proband, and p.(Asp203Ala) in the compound heterozygous state with p.(Cys612Valfs*25) in the other. The clinical and genetic study was extended to their parents, confirming that heterozygous carriers may also have incomplete clinical manifestation of this syndrome. Conclusions: To our knowledge, these are the first two cases of the syndrome described in Italy. Genetic testing proved to be fundamental for definition of the syndrome and confirms the importance of early detection of LRP5 variants for management of systemic features of the disease in patients and carrier relatives. © 2017 Taylor & Francis


Tavian D.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Missaglia S.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Maltese P.E.,MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | Michelini S.,San Giovanni Battista Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Dominant mutations in the FOXC2 gene cause a form of lymphedema primarily of the limbs that usually develops at or after puberty. In 90-95% of patients, lymphedema is accompanied by distichiasis. FOXC2 is a member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcription factors and plays essential roles in different developmental pathways and physiological processes. We previously described six unrelated families with primary lymphedema-distichiasis in which patients showed different FOXC2 mutations located outside of the forkhead domain. Of those, four were missense mutations, one a frameshift mutation, and the last a stop mutation. To assess their pathogenic potential, we have now examined the subcellular localization and the transactivation activity of the mutated FOXC2 proteins. All six FOXC2 mutant proteins were able to localize into the nucleus; however, the frameshift truncated protein appeared to be sequestered into nuclear aggregates. A reduction in the ability to activate FOXC1/FOXC2 response elements was detected in 50% of mutations, while the remaining ones caused an increase of protein transactivation activity. Our data reveal that either a complete loss or a significant gain of FOXC2 function can cause a perturbation of lymphatic vessel formation leading to lymphedema.


PubMed | San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, University of Alberta, MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute and Medicina Riabilitativa
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Dominant mutations in the FOXC2 gene cause a form of lymphedema primarily of the limbs that usually develops at or after puberty. In 90-95% of patients, lymphedema is accompanied by distichiasis. FOXC2 is a member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcription factors and plays essential roles in different developmental pathways and physiological processes. We previously described six unrelated families with primary lymphedema-distichiasis in which patients showed different FOXC2 mutations located outside of the forkhead domain. Of those, four were missense mutations, one a frameshift mutation, and the last a stop mutation. To assess their pathogenic potential, we have now examined the subcellular localization and the transactivation activity of the mutated FOXC2 proteins. All six FOXC2 mutant proteins were able to localize into the nucleus; however, the frameshift truncated protein appeared to be sequestered into nuclear aggregates. A reduction in the ability to activate FOXC1/FOXC2 response elements was detected in 50% of mutations, while the remaining ones caused an increase of protein transactivation activity. Our data reveal that either a complete loss or a significant gain of FOXC2 function can cause a perturbation of lymphatic vessel formation leading to lymphedema.


PubMed | Mellino Mellini Hospital, MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute, University of Pavia and Krasnoyarsk State Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2016

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disease that can seriously impair ones quality of life; patients complain of excessive fatigue and myalgia following physical exertion. This disease may be associated with abnormalities in genes affecting exercise tolerance and physical performance. Adenosine monophosphate deaminase (AMPD1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2), and the muscle isoform of glycogen phosphorylase (PYGM) genes provide instructions for producing enzymes that play major roles in energy production during work. The aim of this study was to look for evidence of genotype-associated excessive muscle fatigue. Three metabolic genes (AMPD1, CPT2, and PYGM) were therefore fully sequenced in 17 Italian patients with CFS. We examined polymorphisms known to alter the function of these metabolic genes, and compared their genotypic distributions in CFS patients and 50 healthy controls using chi-square tests and odds ratios. One-way analysis of variance with F-ratio was carried out to determine the associations between genotypes and disease severity using CF scores. No major genetic variations between patients and controls were found in the three genes studied, and we did not find any association between these genes and CFS. In conclusion, variations in AMPD1, CPT2, and PGYM genes are not associated with the onset, susceptibility, or severity of CFS.


PubMed | MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute, University of Siena, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart and UO Dietetica Medica
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2016

Obesity is a major public health concern; despite evidence of high heritability, the genetic causes of obesity remain unclear. In this study, we assessed the presence of mutations in three genes involved in the hypothalamic leptin-melanocortin regulation pathway (leptin, LEP; leptin receptor, LEPR; and melanocortin-4 receptor, MC4R), which is important for energy homeostasis in the body, in a group of patients with severe obesity. For this study, we selected 77 patients who had undergone bariatric surgery and had a pre-operative body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m


Michelini S.,San Giovanni Battista Hospital ACISMOM | Cardone M.,San Giovanni Battista Hospital ACISMOM | Haag O Agga M.,San Giovanni Battista Hospital ACISMOM | Bruson A.,MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | And 3 more authors.
Lymphology | Year: 2016

Emberger syndrome, or primary lymphedema with myelodysplasia, is a severe rare disease characterized by early primary lymphedema and blood anomalies including acute childhood leukemia. The syndrome is associated with heterozygous mutations in the GATA2 gene. We report on a 13-year-old boy who developed lymphedema of the right lower limb at age 6 years which was accompanied by severe panleukopenia and repeated episodes of erysipelas. The suspicion of Emberger syndrome was confirmed by detection of a new germinal line GATA2 mutation c.414-417del, p.Ser139Cysfs&z.ast;78. Clinical treatment included a bone marrow transplant from the father. This case is one of a very limited number of Emberger syndrome cases documented in the literature, and genetic testing proved fundamental for definition of the condition and its association with a de novo mutation in the GATA2 which is reported here for the first time.


De Polo L.,University of Milan | Maltese P.E.,MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | Rigoni E.,MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | Bertelli M.,MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

In this study, we assessed the prevalence of polymorphisms in genes involved in hyperhomocysteinemia or hemostasis to shed light on their role, if any, in retinal vein occlusion (RVO). We recruited 37 Italian patients (17 men and 20 women) with a diagnosis of central or branch RVO based on fundus examination and retinal fluorescein angiography, as well as 45 healthy controls. Risk factors and family history of RVO of all subjects were recorded. The distributions of polymorphisms in patients and controls were evaluated using the X2 test and OR. We confirmed an increased risk in subjects with dyslipidemia (high density lipoprotein <59 mg/dL: 17.8% of controls, 43.2% of patients, P = 0.0002; low density lipoprotein >130 mg/dL: 26.7% controls, 54.1% patients, P = 0.0002), arterial hypertension (60% controls, 75.7% patients, P = 0.023), and high body mass index (28.9% controls, 70.3% patients, P < 0.0001, and excluded involvement of the selected polymorphisms in RVO. Overall, the tested polymorphisms did not appear to be useful for assessing predisposition or for the diagnosis and prognosis of RVO. © FUNPEC-RP.


PubMed | University of Trento, MAGI non profit Human Medical Genetics Institute and University of Milan
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2015

In this study, we assessed the prevalence of polymorphisms in genes involved in hyperhomocysteinemia or hemostasis to shed light on their role, if any, in retinal vein occlusion (RVO). We recruited 37 Italian patients (17 men and 20 women) with a diagnosis of central or branch RVO based on fundus examination and retinal fluorescein angiography, as well as 45 healthy controls. Risk factors and family history of RVO of all subjects were recorded. The distributions of polymorphisms in patients and controls were evaluated using the (2) test and OR. We confirmed an increased risk in subjects with dyslipidemia (high density lipoprotein <59 mg/dL: 17.8% of controls, 43.2% of patients, P = 0.0002; low density lipoprotein >130 mg/dL: 26.7% controls, 54.1% patients, P = 0.0002), arterial hypertension (60% controls, 75.7% patients, P = 0.023), and high body mass index (28.9% controls, 70.3% patients, P < 0.0001, and excluded involvement of the selected polymorphisms in RVO. Overall, the tested polymorphisms did not appear to be useful for assessing predisposition or for the diagnosis and prognosis of RVO.


PubMed | MAGI Non Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute
Type: | Journal: International heart journal | Year: 2016

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) has great genetic heterogeneity: more than 500 mutations have been described in several genes. Despite many advances, a genetic diagnosis still cannot be established in 25-30% of patients. The aim of the present study was to perform genetic evaluation in 9 Russian families with LQTS; here we report the results of 4 positive probands and their relatives (a total of 16 individuals). All subjects underwent clinical examination, 12-lead ECG, and Holter monitoring. Genetic analysis of the 14 genes mainly involved in LQTS was performed using a next-generation sequencing approach. We identified two new mutations (KCNQ1 gene) and 6 known mutations (AKAP9, ANK2, KCNE1 and KCNJ2 genes) in 4 out of 9 probands, some of which have already been described in association with LQTS. Segregation studies suggest a possible causative role for KCNQ1 p.(Leu342Pro), AKAP9 p.(Arg1609Lys), KCNE1 p.(Asp85Asn), and KCNJ2 p.(Arg82Gln) variations. Our study confirmed the high genetic heterogeneity of this disease and highlights the difficulties to reveal clear pathogenic genotypes also in large pedigrees. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first genetic study of LQTS patients from Russian families.

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