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In the years to come, the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) will be implemented in the daily routines of neurological rehabilitation for the documentation of health status, for controlling interventions as well as for their evaluation. In this paper, essential terms and concepts concerning the ICF will be clarified. International studies will be examined in relation to their implication for clinical daily clinical routines. ICFallows a differential description of the situation of an individual with a health condition, which can be mainly affected by personal and environmental factors. By using the ICFand focusing on participation, professional acting in the context of neurological rehabilitation can be sustainably amended. Clearly focusing on the enhancement of functioning equates to a new understanding of rehabilitation, which does not follow a deficit-orientated logic of treating health problems anymore. © 2012 Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe AG, Bern. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2008

As healthy as it is to keep fit by running, the repetitive stresses and strains on joints cause a large percentage of the injuries experienced during this sport. HEELLESS aims to develop a novel type of running shoe that prevents joint injury and muscle strain by mitigating the impact force that results from impact force when the foot strikes the ground during running; notably the peak force when landing on the heel is smoothed out. Preliminary trials have proven the concept, but methodical research is needed to enable the SME consortium to further improve the shoe. Research of composite materials to be used for the application of a rigid upper sole will set a new precedent for the market of composite materials. The use of a natural fibre reinforced composite for the application of use in specialised athletic footwear is a novel approach with distinct recycleability advantages. Such composites have not yet been embarked upon, making this application highly innovative. The work anticipated is broken down into work packages for research and innovation related to material research, shoe development, biomechanical assessments, evaluations, as well dissemination, technology transfer and exploitation of results. The market for athletic footwear is substantial and grows with 4% per annum, with consumers becoming increasingly aware of safety factors and the prevention of injuries through specialised clothing. The exploitation outlook is great, not only addressing performance runners, but in particular also the fitness market. Multinational players on one hand and threats from cheap alternatives from low-wage countries on the other hand, however, make it a particular challenge for SMEs to tap these market opportunities. To have a chance, a superior performance and other use related properties (like safety, comfort) are a prerequisite, and precisely the expected result of HEELLESS.

Gnutzmann S.,University of Nottingham | Schanz H.,Magdeburg Stendal University of Applied Sciences | Schanz H.,Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems | Smilansky U.,University of Cardiff | Smilansky U.,Weizmann Institute of Science
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We report on a hitherto unnoticed type of resonances occurring in scattering from networks (quantum graphs) which are due to the complex connectivity of the graph - its topology. We consider generic open graphs and show that any cycle leads to narrow resonances which do not fit in any of the prominent paradigms for narrow resonances (classical barriers, localization due to disorder, chaotic scattering). We call these resonances " topological" to emphasize their origin in the nontrivial connectivity. Topological resonances have a clear and unique signature which is apparent in the statistics of the resonance parameters (such as, e.g., the width, the delay time, or the wave-function intensity in the graph). We discuss this phenomenon by providing analytical arguments supported by numerical simulation, and identify the features of the above distributions which depend on genuine topological quantities such as the length of the shortest cycle (girth). These signatures cannot be explained using any of the other paradigms for narrow resonances. Finally, we propose an experimental setting where the topological resonances could be demonstrated, and study the stability of the relevant distribution functions to moderate dissipation. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Metzner S.,Magdeburg Stendal University of Applied Sciences
Nordic Journal of Music Therapy | Year: 2010

In psychotherapy with patients suffering from psychosis, the necessity of allowing acting and well-considered co-acting is acknowledged as a means of communication. The use of musical improvisations seems to be particularly appropriate for this, especially for the treatment of very extreme human experiences, such as, for example, feelings of vast emptiness, desertedness, persecution, fusion, dissociation, and unreach-ableness. These feelings are demanding in the therapeutic relationship, yet unavoidable to deal with. By means of a single case study the author analyses the challenges and the chances of musical interactions using psychoanalytical as well as musicological approaches. © 2010 The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre. Source

Huld T.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra | Gottschalg R.,Loughborough University | Beyer H.G.,Magdeburg Stendal University of Applied Sciences | Topic M.,University of Ljubljana
Solar Energy | Year: 2010

A method is presented for estimating the energy yield of photovoltaic (PV) modules at arbitrary locations in a large geographical area. The method applies a mathematical model for the energy performance of PV modules as a function of in-plane irradiance and module temperature and combines this with solar irradiation estimates from satellite data and ambient temperature values from ground station measurements. The method is applied to three different PV technologies: crystalline silicon, CuInSe2 and CdTe based thin-film technology in order to map their performance in fixed installations across most of Europe and to identify and quantify regional performance factors. It is found that there is a clear technology dependence of the geographical variation in PV performance. It is also shown that using long-term average values of irradiance and temperature leads to a systematic positive bias in the results of up to 3%. It is suggested to use joint probability density functions of temperature and irradiance to overcome this bias. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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