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Prasanna Kumar K.,Bangalore Diabetes Hospital | Mohan V.,Dr Mohans Diabetes Specialties Center And Madras Diabetes Research Foundation | Sethi B.,CARE Hospitals | Gandhi P.,Gandhi Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2016

Background: This post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from India. Methods: Changes from baseline in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight, and blood pressure (BP) with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg were evaluated in a subgroup of patients from India (n = 124) from 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, Phase 3 studies (N = 2313; Population 1). Safety was assessed based on adverse event (AE) reports in these patients and in a broader subgroup of patients from India (n = 1038) from 8 randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, Phase 3 studies (N = 9439; Population 2). Results: Reductions in HbA1cwith canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg were -0.74% and -0.88%, respectively, in patients from India, and -0.81% and -1.00%, respectively, in the 4 pooled Phase 3 studies. In the Indian subgroup, both canagliflozin doses provided reductions in FPG, body weight, and BP that were consistent with findings in the overall population. The incidence of overall AEs in patients from India was generally similar with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg and noncanagliflozin. The AE profile in patients from India was generally similar to the overall population, with higher rates of genital mycotic infections and osmotic diuresis-related and volume depletion-related AEs with canagliflozin versus noncanagliflozin. Conclusion: Canagliflozin provided glycemic control, body weight reduction, and was generally well tolerated in patients with T2DM from India.


PubMed | Bangalore Diabetes Hospital, Gandhi Research Institute, St Johns Medical College And Hospital, Dr Mohans Diabetes Specialties Center And Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism | Year: 2016

This post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from India.Changes from baseline in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight, and blood pressure (BP) with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg were evaluated in a subgroup of patients from India (n = 124) from 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, Phase 3 studies (N = 2313; Population 1). Safety was assessed based on adverse event (AE) reports in these patients and in a broader subgroup of patients from India (n = 1038) from 8 randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, Phase 3 studies (N = 9439; Population 2).Reductions in HbA1c with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg were -0.74% and -0.88%, respectively, in patients from India, and -0.81% and -1.00%, respectively, in the 4 pooled Phase 3 studies. In the Indian subgroup, both canagliflozin doses provided reductions in FPG, body weight, and BP that were consistent with findings in the overall population. The incidence of overall AEs in patients from India was generally similar with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg and noncanagliflozin. The AE profile in patients from India was generally similar to the overall population, with higher rates of genital mycotic infections and osmotic diuresis-related and volume depletion-related AEs with canagliflozin versus noncanagliflozin.Canagliflozin provided glycemic control, body weight reduction, and was generally well tolerated in patients with T2DM from India.


PubMed | Dr Mohans Diabetes Specialties Center And Madras Diabetes Research Foundation
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of ophthalmology | Year: 2016

Diabetic retinopathy (DR), one of the leading causes of preventable blindness, is associated with many systemic factors that contribute to the development and progression of this microvascular complication of diabetes. While the duration of diabetes is the major risk factor for the development of DR, the main modifiable systemic risk factors for development and progression of DR are hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. This review article looks at the evidence that control of these systemic factors has significant benefits in delaying the onset and progression of DR.

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