Schoolcraft, MI, United States

Madonna University of Schoolcraft
Schoolcraft, MI, United States

Madonna University is a private, non-profit, Catholic university located in suburban Livonia, Michigan, United States, on the western perimeter of metropolitan Detroit. Conducted by the Felician Sisters, it has extension campuses in Southwest Detroit, Orchard Lake, Michigan ; and Gaylord, Michigan . Wikipedia.

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Olla P.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Choudrie J.,University of Hertfordshire
Information Systems Frontiers | Year: 2014

This exploratory paper aims to apply a qualitative, method known as Ethnographic Futures Research (EFR) to predict the future for mobile phones when used for social development in developing countries. The EFR approach was used in a participatory manner to provide scenarios of the future for mobile phone growth. By employing EFR there is an opportunity to consider different paradigms of mobile services creation deployment in developing environments where historically tele-center models are shown to be unsustainable. The implication of this research study is the provision of a novel way of determining diffusion strategies within regions displaying increasing mobile services adoption patterns. In terms of decision making, this research provides an alternative approach to considering scenarios using a qualitative approach, something amiss within decision support systems literature. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Bhattacharjee C.,University of Texas at Austin | Das R.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Mahajan S.M.,University of Texas at Austin | Mahajan S.M.,Shiv Nadar University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2015

Vorticity generation in accretion disks around Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes is investigated in the context of magnetofluid dynamics derived for both General Relativity (GR) and modified gravity formulations. In both cases, the Kerr geometry leads to a "stronger" generation of vorticity than its Schwarzschild counterpart. Of the two principal sources, the relativistic drive peaks near the innermost stable circular orbit (isco), whereas the baroclinic drive dominates at larger distances. Consequences of this new relativistic vorticity source are discussed in several astrophysical settings. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Jing X.,University of Michigan | Li Q.K.,Johns Hopkins University | Bedrossian U.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Michael C.W.,University of Western States
American Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2013

With increased use of the ThinPrep method for nongynecologic specimens, cell blocks are more commonly prepared by harvesting cells that are fixed in CytoLyt solution. The current study compared morphologic and immunocytochemical performance of effusion cell blocks prepared using CytoLyt-prefixed thrombin clot (CTC) with plasma thrombin clot (PT) and HistoGel (HG) preparation. The study included a total of 25 malignant or benign serous fluids. Three individual cell block materials were simultaneously prepared from each of the 25 effusion specimens using the CTC, PT, or HG method. HandE staining and immunostaining for pancytokeratin (pan-CK), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), B72.3, HBME-1, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), CD45, CD20, and CD3 were then performed. The CTC preparation revealed compatible cellularity and good cellular details. In addition, CTC cell blocks revealed a similar percentage of cells with positive immunostaining along with the strongest intensity and the least background staining. The CTC method can be used reliably as an adjunct to other preparation techniques. © American Society for Clinical Pathology.

Bhattacharjee C.,University of Texas at Austin | Das R.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Mahajan S.M.,University of Texas at Austin
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2015

A grand unified field Mμν is constructed from Maxwell's field tensor and an appropriately modified flow field, both nonminimally coupled to gravity, to analyze the dynamics of hot charged fluids in curved background space-time. With a suitable 3+1 decomposition, this new formalism of the hot fluid is then applied to investigate the vortical dynamics of the system. Finally, the equilibrium state for plasma with nonminimal coupling through Ricci scalar R to gravity is investigated to derive a double Beltrami equation in curved space-time. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Moran K.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Burson R.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Critchett J.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Olla P.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft
Diabetes Educator | Year: 2011

Purpose The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a care delivery model integrating the registered nurse-certified diabetes educator into the patient-centered medical home to assist in achieving positive clinical and cost outcomes in diabetes care.Methods A 1-group pretest-posttest research design was used. Patients were recruited from 2 patient-centered medical home designated/nominated primary care offices. Inclusion criteria were as follows: diagnosis of type 1 or type 2 diabetes, aged 18 to 80 years, A1C ≥ 8%, English speaking, and no diabetes education within 6 months. There were 34 participants (men, n = 22; women, n = 12) with a mean age of 53.24. The intervention incorporated an assessment, 4 patient-centered monthly group sessions, and 4 individual follow-up sessions. Study measures included program surveys, participation and satisfaction rates, Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set attainment rates, and the following physiologic measures obtained from the medical record: A1C, fasting blood glucose, LDL, urine microalbumin, blood pressure, retinal eye exam, and body mass index. Cost-effectiveness measures included program costs, performance incentives, revenue, provider time saved, and patient health care utilization.Results Paired-samples t tests identified significant improvements in A1C, fasting blood glucose, and LDL. Patients and providers were highly satisfied with the program. Cost-benefit analysis revealed a net pretax program benefit.Conclusions Results of the study indicated that integrating the registered nurse-certified diabetes educator in the patient-centered medical home improves clinical outcomes and is cost-effective. Diabetes education and support are integral components of diabetes management. © 2011 The Author(s).

O'Brien D.D.,University of Michigan | Shanks A.M.,University of Michigan | Talsma A.,University of Michigan | Brenner P.S.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Ramachandran S.K.,University of Michigan
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE:: The risk for pressure ulcers is rarely identified in the perioperative period, and the influence of this period on risk factors has not been as rigorously studied as the postoperative period. We hypothesized that intraoperative risk factors exist, which increase the likelihood of a postoperative new-onset pressure ulcer. DESIGN:: A retrospective observational study. SETTING:: A large midwestern U.S. quaternary care institution. PATIENTS:: A total of 2,695 adult surgical patients underwent operative procedures and received care in one of three ICUs using an electronic documentation application. INTERVENTIONS:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: The primary outcome was hospital-acquired pressure ulcer categorized as stages II, III, and IV; deep tissue injury; or unstageable. Univariate analyses comparing patients with and without the outcome of pressure ulcers were conducted for each preoperative characteristic or comorbidity. Patients were matched using the logit of the propensity score based solely on their preoperative comorbidities. Adjusted associations between development of pressure ulcers and intraoperative characteristics were determined in the postmatch cohort. We identified seven independent preoperative patients' characteristics and comorbidities in our adult surgical patient sample: American Society of Anesthesiologists risk classification 4 or 5, underweight body mass index, noncardiac surgery, history of congestive heart failure, renal disease, existing airway present prior to arrival in the operating room, and age. The only significant association in the matched dataset accounting for patient preoperative variability is the use of intraoperative blood products. CONCLUSION:: Postoperative pressure ulcers developed in 10.7% of critically ill patients in our study. Only intraoperative use of blood products, not operative case length, hypotension, or vasopressor use, was associated with postoperative pressure ulcer development on adjusted analysis. © 2013 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine.

Olla P.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine | Year: 2015

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is the practice of creating a physical object from a digital model. This is achieved by using an additive process of laying down successive thin layers of a material. It is not completely clear what impact 3D printers will have on altering our society, but there is no denying that a transformative social, economic, and technical 3D printing revolution is underway. Our world is being 3D printed all around us, creating unforeseen opportunities and challenges for entrepreneurs [29], policy makers, and society at large. © 2015 IEEE.

Slager J.,Bronson Womens Services in Kalama zoo | Lynne S.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft
Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health | Year: 2012

Premature effacement of the cervix, or short cervix, in the midtrimester of pregnancy currently represents the strongest predictor of spontaneous preterm birth. Numerous studies have examined the relationship between short cervix and preterm birth, and although differences in sensitivity and predictive value exist, the overwhelming consensus indicates that the risk of preterm birth increases with decreasing cervical length. Cutoff values for cervical length range from less than 25 mm to less than 15 mm depending on patient characteristics and gestational age. Importantly, short cervix is more sensitive for predicting earlier forms of prematurity (at <32 weeks) than later forms of prematurity (>32 weeks). Cervical length measured at 18 to 24 weeks' gestation appears to be the most valuable measurement. Cervical length assessments can be performed by digital examination, a cervical measurement device, transabdominal ultrasound, or transvaginal ultrasound. Transvaginal ultrasound is the most reliable method to evaluate cervical length, but it is not available in all locations. Current clinical practice standards do not recommend universal screening for cervical length; however, results of randomized controlled clinical trials provide evidence to support expanded screening programs by individual practitioners. © 2012 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.

Slager J.,Bronson Womens Services in Kalama zoo | Lynne S.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft
Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health | Year: 2012

Premature shortening of the cervix, or short cervix, is the most predictive risk factor for preterm birth. Results of clinical studies of interventions to prevent preterm birth have shown that identifying at-risk women on the basis of cervical length versus obstetric history alone improves the likelihood of timely interventions with cervical cerclage or progesterone supplementation, improving outcomes. Debate continues over the use of cerclage; however, results of a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials provide evidence to support its use in women who have history of prior preterm birth and who develop short cervix before 24 weeks' gestation. Results of the recent PREGNANT trial, consistent with the earlier Fetal Medicine Foundation study, support the use of vaginal progesterone for prevention of preterm birth. In women identified by transvaginal ultrasound to have short cervix (10-20 mm) in midtrimester, daily vaginal progesterone gel reduced the risk of preterm birth before 33 weeks' gestation by 45% and before 28 weeks' gestation by 50%. Occurrence of any morbidity and mortality event also was significantly reduced by 43%, with a 61% reduction in the rate of respiratory distress syndrome in infants born to women receiving vaginal progesterone gel versus those receiving placebo. The safety profile of progesterone treatment in early pregnancy is well established, and studies of vaginal progesterone for prevention of preterm birth have identified no additional safety issues. Adverse events were comparable between women receiving progesterone and those receiving placebo. Recent guidelines issued by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine recommend vaginal progesterone in women with no prior spontaneous preterm birth and cervical length of 20 mm or less at 24 weeks' gestation or earlier. Future studies will refine strategies for prevention of preterm birth to address other risk factors and determine the role of other interventions. © 2012 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.

O'neill J.M.,Madonna University of Schoolcraft | Clark J.K.,Ball State University | Jones J.A.,Ball State University
Journal of School Health | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: In elementary grades, comprehensive health education curricula mostly have demonstrated effectiveness in addressing singular health issues. The Michigan Model for Health (MMH) was implemented and evaluated to determine its impact on multiple health issues, including social and emotional skills, prosocial behavior, and drug use and aggression. METHODS: Schools (N = 52) were randomly assigned to intervention and control conditions. Participants received 24 lessons in grade 4 (over 12 weeks) and 28 more lessons in grade 5 (over 14 weeks), including material focusing on social and emotional health, interpersonal communication, social pressure resistance skills, drug use prevention, and conflict resolution skills. The 40-minute lessons were taught by the classroom or health teacher who received curriculum training and provided feedback on implementation fidelity. Self-report survey data were collected from the fourth-grade students (n = 2512) prior to the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and 6 weeks after the intervention, with the same data collection schedule repeated in fifth grade. RESULTS: Students who received the curriculum had better interpersonal communication skills, social and emotional skills, and drug refusal skills than the control group students. Intervention students also reported lower intentions to use alcohol and tobacco, less alcohol and tobacco use initiated during the study and in the past 30 days, and reduced levels of aggression. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of the MMH in promoting mental health and preventing drug use and aggression supports the call for integrated strategies that begin in elementary grades, target multiple risk behaviors, and result in practical and financial benefits to schools. © 2011, American School Health Association.

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