Chien D.-K.,Taipei Medical University Hospital |
Chien D.-K.,Mackay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Hwang H.-F.,National Taipei University |
Lin M.-R.,Taipei Medical University Hospital |
Lin M.-R.,The Master's College
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2017
This study compared the ability of five injury severity measures, namely the Abbreviated Injury Scale to the Head (AIS-H), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE), and Injury Severity Score (ISS), to predict return-to-work after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Furthermore, factors potentially associated with return-to-work were investigated. In total, 207 individuals aged ≤65 years newly diagnosed with a TBI and employed at the time of injury were recruited and followed-up for 1 year by telephone every 3 months. A bivariate proportional hazards model analysis revealed that all five injury severity measures were significantly associated with return-to-work after a TBI. The AIS-H and non-head ISS explained 23.8% of the variation in the duration of returning to work from discharge after hospitalization for a TBI; similarly, the GCS, GOS, GOSE, and ISS respectively accounted for 4.7%, 21.4%, 12.9%, and 48.4% of the variation. A multivariable analysis revealed that individuals with higher injury severity as measured by the ISS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92–0.97), a lack of autonomy in transportation (HR, 2.55; 95% CI, 1.23–5.32), cognitive impairment (HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.28–0.79), and depression (HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95–0.99) were significantly less likely to be employed after a TBI. In conclusion, of the five injury severity measures, the ISS may be the most capable measure of predicting return-to-work after a TBI. In addition to injury severity, autonomy in transportation, cognitive function, and the depressive status may also influence the employment status during the first year after a TBI. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Tsai M.-C.,Cathay General HospitalTaipei |
Tsai M.-C.,Taipei Medical University Hospital |
Chen C.-H.,MacKay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Lee H.-C.,Taipei Medical University |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Background: Prior studies indicate a possible association between depression and cholecystectomy, but no study has compared the risk of post-operative depressive disorders (DD) after cholecystectomy. This retrospective follow-up study aimed to examine the relationship between cholecystectomy and the risk of DD in patients with gallstones in a population-based database. Methods: Using ambulatory care data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, 6755 patients who received a first-time principal diagnosis of gallstones at the emergency room (ER) were identified. Among them, 1197 underwent cholecystectomy. Each patient was then individually followed-up for two years to identify those who were later diagnosed with DD. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to estimate the risk of developing DD between patients with gallstone who did and those who did not undergo cholecystectomy. Results: Of 6755 patients with gallstones, 173 (2.56%) were diagnosed with DD during the two-year follow-up. Among patients who did and those who did not undergo cholecystectomy, 3.51% and 2.36% later developed depressive disorder, respectively. After adjusting for the patient's sex, age and geographic location, the hazard ratio (HR) of DD within two years of gallstone diagnosis was 1.43 (95% CI, 1.02-2.04) for patients who underwent cholecystectomy compared to those who did not. Females, but not males, had a higher the adjusted HR of DD (1.61; 95% CI, 1.08-2.41) for patients who underwent cholecystectomy compared to those who did not. Conclusions: There is an association between cholecystectomy and subsequent risk of DD among females, but not in males. © 2015 Tsai et al.
Chien C.-Y.,Mackay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Chien C.-Y.,Mackay Medical College |
Chien C.-Y.,Nursing and Management CollegeTaipei |
Liu C.-C.,Mackay Medical College |
And 24 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Background Carotid artery remodeling is known to be associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, there is limited information regarding gender differences in carotid remodeling. We sought to investigate the associations among blood pressure (BP), carotid artery remodeling and cardiac geometries, and further explore gender differences. Materials and Methods In a large cohort of asymptomatic adults undergoing routine health screening with repeated observations, we related measures of carotid artery diameter (CCAD) to various BP components, cardiac geometries and blood N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level, both from baseline cross-sectional and longitudinal dataset using generalized estimating equations (GEE). Results A total of 2,914 person-visits (baseline: n=998, mean age: 47 ± 8.9 years, 34% female) were studied (median: 6 ± 1.73 years follow up). We observed that CCAD was larger in men (p<0.01) and positively related to baseline age or all blood pressure components (including systolic BP [SBP], diastolic BP [DBP] and pulse pressure [PP], all p<0.01) even after accounting for clinical covariates, which did not change significantly at follow up (repeat-visit longitudinal GEE models). At baseline, per each increased unit of CCAD was associated with elevated LV mass index (β-coef: 6.72, with odds ratio [OR]: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.06 to 2.07 for ventricular hypertrophy; AUROC: 0.65, CCAD cut-off: 7.25mm) and NT-proBNP (β-coef: 5.35, OR: 4.22, 95% CI: 1.42 to 12.6 for >=300pg/mL; AUROC: 0.79, CCAD cut-off: 7.95mm, all p<0.05), which remained significant in multi-variate and longitudinal models. There was a prominent sex interaction (p for interaction with age and systolic BP: 0.004 and 0.028 respectively), where the longitudinal associations of age and systolic BP with increasing CCAD as more pronounced in women than men. Conclusion These data demonstrated that carotid artery remodeling may parallel subclinical biomarker of cardiac dysfunction, and further showed greater effects of aging and higher blood pressure on such remodeling process in women than men. Further study is warranted to understand how this predisposition of elderly hypertensive women to vascular remodeling may play a role in clinical settings. © 2015 Chien et al.
Liao Y.-Y.,National Yang Ming University |
Yang Y.-R.,National Yang Ming University |
Cheng S.-J.,Mackay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Wu Y.-R.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair | Year: 2015
Background. Obstacle crossing is a balance-challenging task and can cause falls in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, programs for people with PD that effectively target obstacle crossing and dynamic balance have not been established. Objective. To examine the effects of virtual reality-based exercise on obstacle crossing performance and dynamic balance in participants with PD. Methods. Thirty-six participants with a diagnosis of PD (Hoehn and Yahr score ranging 1 to 3) were randomly assigned to one of three groups. In the exercise groups, participants received virtual reality-based Wii Fit exercise (VRWii group) or traditional exercise (TE group) for 45 minutes, followed by 15 minutes of treadmill training in each session for a total of 12 sessions over 6 weeks. Participants in the control group received no structured exercise program. Primary outcomes included obstacle crossing performance (crossing velocity, stride length, and vertical toe obstacle clearance) and dynamic balance (maximal excursion, movement velocity, and directional control measured by the limits-of-stability test). Secondary outcomes included sensory organization test (SOT), Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ39), fall efficacy scale (FES-I), and timed up and go test (TUG). All outcomes were assessed at baseline, after training, and at 1-month follow-up. Results. The VRWii group showed greater improvement in obstacle crossing velocity, crossing stride length, dynamic balance, SOT, TUG, FES-I, and PDQ39 than the control group. VRWii training also resulted in greater improvement in movement velocity of limits-of-stability test than TE training. Conclusions. VRWii training significantly improved obstacle crossing performance and dynamic balance, supporting implementation of VRWii training in participants with PD. © American Society of Neurorehabilitation.
Huang J.M.-Y.,University of Edinburgh |
Huang J.M.-Y.,Mackay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Henihan G.,University of Edinburgh |
Macdonald D.,University of Edinburgh |
And 5 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2015
The alarming rate at which antibiotic resistance is occurring in human pathogens causes a pressing need for improved diagnostic technologies aimed at rapid detection and point-of-care testing to support quick decision making regarding antibiotic therapy and patient management. Here, we report the successful development of an electrochemical biosensor to detect blaNDM, the gene encoding the emerging New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase, using label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The presence of this gene is of critical concern because organisms harboring blaNDM tend to be multiresistant, leaving very few treatment options. For the EIS assay, we used a blaNDM-specific PNA probe that was designed by applying a new approach that combines in silico probe design and fluorescence-based DNA microarray validation with electrochemical testing on gold screen-printed electrodes. The assay was successfully demonstrated for synthetic targets (LOD = 10 nM), PCR products (LOD = 100 pM), and direct, amplification-free detection from a blaNDM-harboring plasmid. The biosensor's specificity, preanalytical requirements, and performance under ambient conditions were demonstrated and successfully proved its suitability for further point-of-care test development. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
Lee B.-S.,National Taiwan University |
Lee C.-C.,National Taiwan University |
Lin H.-P.,MacKay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Lin H.-P.,University of Taipei |
And 5 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2016
Currently used guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membranes are mainly used as a barrier to prevent epithelial cells growth into defects before new bone formation. The aim of this study was to develop a tri-layer functional chitosan (CS) membrane with epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) grafted on the outer layer for bactericidal activity, and lovastatin was included in the middle layer for controlled release. Successful EGCG grafting was demonstrated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and EGCG grafting significantly enhanced adhesion and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts. The release duration of lovastatin reached 21 days. CS-Lovastatin1 produced the highest alkaline phosphatase activity and EGCG14-CS exhibited the best bactericidal activity against periodontopathic bacteria. Finally, the EGCG14-CS-Lovastatin1 membrane showed a higher percentage of bone regeneration than BioMend® and control groups in one-walled defects of beagle dogs. These results suggest that the EGCG14-CS-Lovastatin1 membrane has the potential to be used as a novel GTR membrane. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Wang S.-Y.,Chi Mei Medical Center |
Wang S.-Y.,Chang Gung University |
Wei Y.-H.,National Yang Ming University |
Wei Y.-H.,Mackay Medical College |
And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Tumor cells display a shift in energy metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis. A subset of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is refractory to surgery and radioactive iodine ablation. Doxorubicin and sorafenib are the drugs of choice for treating advanced thyroid cancer but both induce adverse effects. In this study, we assessed the anti-cancer activity of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) alone and in combination with doxorubicin or sorafenib in PTC cell lines with (BCPAP) and without (CG3) the BRAFV600E mutation. BCPAP cells were more glycolytic than CG3 cells, as evidenced by their higher extracellular L-lactate production, lower intracellular ATP level, lower oxygen consumption rate (OCR), and lower ratio of OCR/extracellular acidification rate. However, dose-dependent reduction in cell viability, intracellular ATP depletion, and extracellular L-lactate production were observed after 2-DG treatment. Regression analysis showed that cell growth in both cell lines was dependent on ATP generation. 2-DG increased the chemosensitivity of BCPAP and CG3 cell lines to doxorubicin and sorafenib. These results demonstrate that the therapeutic effects of low combined doses of 2-DG and doxorubicin or sorafenib are similar to those of high doses of doxorubicin or sorafenib alone in PTC cell lines regardless of the BRAFV600E mutation. © 2015 Wang et al.
Ku H.-C.,University of Taipei |
Lee S.-Y.,University of Taipei |
Lee S.-Y.,Mackay Memorial HospitalTaipei |
Chen C.-H.,University of Taipei |
And 5 more authors.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology | Year: 2015
Abstract Coronary heart disease remains a leading cause of death in the world. The demand on targeting therapy to reduce myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is still urgent. The pathogenesis of I/R-induced myocardial injury is complicated. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inflammatory response activation participate in the development of I/R injury. Cell death occurs and finally leads to myocardial infarction. A newly phenolic aporphine alkaloid derivative, TM-1-1DP, was synthesized in our team. We aimed to investigate the effect of novel compound on myocardial I/R injury. Rats were subjected to 1-h coronary artery occlusion and followed by 2-h reperfusion. Adult rat cardimoycyte was isolated for the cell study, and H2O2 was added into culture medium to induce ROS stress. As compared to the sham group, TM-1-1DP-treated rats had better cardiac performance in association with less infarct size and cardiac injury markers after myocardial I/R. The protective effect is associated with the inhibition of inflammatory response, cell death-related pathway (caspase-3 and TNF-α), and the activation of AKT-eNOS pathway. The finding was further coincided with the cell study. TM-1-1DP treatment significantly alleviated ROS production and improved cell viability in cardiomyocyte after H2O2 exposure. The action of TM-1-1DP is via a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent manner, since NOS inhibitor, L-NAME, abolished the protective effect. We provide a new insight into this therapeutic potential for phenolic aporphine alkaloid in myocardial I/R. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.