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Nacka, Sweden

Sehlin D.,Uppsala University | Sollvander S.,Uppsala University | Paulie S.,Mabtech AB | Brundin R.,Uppsala University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2010

Amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers of different sizes and forms have recently been the focus for many Alzheimer's disease (AD) researchers. Various immunoassays have been used to detect low concentrations of these elusive Aβ species in different forms of human samples using little or no sample dilutions. However, the possibility that positive results may be caused by interference from heterophilic antibodies (HA) is often overlooked. HA, which recognize immunoglobulins from other species, are present in human plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and may cause interference in sandwich immunoassays like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) by cross-binding the capture and detection antibodies of the assay. They thus may generate a false positive signal. Here we show that when assessing the Aβ oligomer content in plasma samples from 44 individuals with a sandwich ELISA, none of the 21 positive signals remained when the assay was repeated in the presence of factors blocking HA. Similarly, in CSF samples from 104 individuals, the signals from the 22 positive samples were strongly reduced when analyzed after anti-HA treatment. Taken together, HA interference is a problem that needs to be addressed when measuring low levels of an antigen in human plasma and CSF samples. © 2010 IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

Feldoto Z.,Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry | Lundin M.,Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry | Braesch-Andersen S.,Mabtech AB | Blomberg E.,Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2011

The binding of immunogloblulins (IgG) (mouse monoclonal recognizing IFNγ) on precoated polystyrene or silica surfaces by the layer-by-layer technique has been investigated with QCM-D and DPI. The aim of the work was to increase the sensitivity of the conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) assay. The polyelectrolytes used to build the multilayers were poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH)/poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) alternately adsorbed from 150. mM NaCl. The multilayer build up is linear and the internal structure of the PAH/PSS multilayer is compact and rigid as observed by low relative water content (20-25%) and high layer refractive index (n∼ 1.5) after the formation of five bilayers. Incorporation of IgG within the PAH/PSS multilayer did not give rise to overcharging and did not affect the linear build up. ELISpot test on PAH/PSS multilayer modified polystyrene wells showed that the cytokine response was significantly smaller than on the regular PVDF backed polystyrene wells. This may be due to the compact and rigid nature of the PAH/PSS multilayer, which does not allow formation of the kind of three dimensional support needed to achieve bioactive IgG binding to the surface. Immunological tests of the polyelectrolyte multilayers in the absence of IgG showed that PSS terminated PAH/PSS multilayer did not induce any cytokine response whereas PAH terminated did, which suggests that PSS totally covers the surface from the cells point of view. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Vallhov H.,Karolinska Institutet | Kupferschmidt N.,Uppsala University | Gabrielsson S.,Karolinska Institutet | Paulie S.,Mabtech AB | And 3 more authors.
Small | Year: 2012

Alum is the most frequently used adjuvant today, primarily inducing Th2 responses. However, Th1-type responses are often desirable within immune therapy, and therefore the development of new adjuvants is greatly needed. Mesoporous silica particles with a highly ordered pore structure have properties that make them very interesting for future controlled drug delivery systems, such as controllable particle and pore size; they also have the ability to induce minor immune modulatory effects, as previously demonstrated on human-monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs). In this study, mesoporous silica particles are shown to be efficiently engulfed by MDDCs within 2 h, probably by phagocytic uptake, as seen by confocal microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. A co-culture protocol is developed to evaluate the capability of MDDCs to stimulate the development of naïve CD4+ T cells in different directions. The method, involving ELISpot as a readout system, demonstrates that MDDCs, after exposure to mesoporous silica particles (AMS-6 and SBA-15), are capable of tuning autologous naïve T cells into different effector cells. Depending on the size and functionalization of the particles added to the cells, different cytokine patterns are detected. This suggests that mesoporous silica particles can be used as delivery vehicles with tunable adjuvant properties, which may be of importance for several medical applications, such as immune therapy and vaccination. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Mabtech Ab | Date: 2011-11-30

The invention provides a method of treating a polyvinyl difluoride (PVDF) membrane comprising:

Dahlman-Hoglund A.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Renstrom A.,Karolinska Institutet | Larsson P.H.,Mabtech AB | Elsayed S.,University of Bergen | Andersson E.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital
American Journal of Industrial Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: This investigation was triggered by three cases of asthma-about 10% of the workforce-occurring in a salmon processing plant over a short period of time. The aim of the investigation was to characterize the work exposure of inhalable organic particles with personal measurements. Respiratory symptoms at work among workers were also assessed. Methods: Exposures to airborne salmon allergen, airborne mold spores, and endotoxin in water and air were measured during work. To assess the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Sal s 1 allergen exposure a polyclonal sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed. Current workers (n=26) answered questionnaires and underwent allergy and lung function tests. Results: Using the sensitive ELISA method (0.05ng/ml), we found that workers were exposed to high levels of salmon major allergen at the filleting machine and at the filleting table. Airborne endotoxin levels were low, and mold levels were elevated. Only the three initial asthma cases had IgE to salmon. Of the other workers, 65% reported respiratory symptoms at work. These had lower pulmonary function than workers without such symptoms. Conclusions: We developed a sensitive method to measure salmon antigen in air and found that filleting workers were most exposed. It is important to reduce aerosols by improving the ventilation system, machines and organization of work since respiratory symptoms at work among workers were common. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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