Rotterdam, Netherlands
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Pelsser L.M.,Research Center | Frankena K.,Wageningen University | Toorman J.,Catharina Hospital | Savelkoul H.F.,Wageningen University | And 5 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2011

The effects of a restricted elimination diet in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have mainly been investigated in selected subgroups of patients. We aimed to investigate whether there is a connection between diet and behaviour in an unselected group of children. The Impact of Nutrition on Children with ADHD (INCA) study was a randomised controlled trial that consisted of an open-label phase with masked measurements followed by a double-blind crossover phase. Patients in the Netherlands and Belgium were enrolled via announcements in medical health centres and through media announcements. Randomisation in both phases was individually done by random sampling. In the open-label phase (first phase), children aged 4-8 years who were diagnosed with ADHD were randomly assigned to 5 weeks of a restricted elimination diet (diet group) or to instructions for a healthy diet (control group). Thereafter, the clinical responders (those with an improvement of at least 40 on the ADHD rating scale [ARS]) from the diet group proceeded with a 4-week double-blind crossover food challenge phase (second phase), in which high-IgG or low-IgG foods (classified on the basis of every child's individual IgG blood test results) were added to the diet. During the first phase, only the assessing paediatrician was masked to group allocation. During the second phase (challenge phase), all persons involved were masked to challenge allocation. Primary endpoints were the change in ARS score between baseline and the end of the first phase (masked paediatrician) and between the end of the first phase and the second phase (double-blind), and the abbreviated Conners' scale (ACS) score (unmasked) between the same timepoints. Secondary endpoints included food-specific IgG levels at baseline related to the behaviour of the diet group responders after IgG-based food challenges. The primary analyses were intention to treat for the first phase and per protocol for the second phase. INCA is registered as an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial, number ISRCTN 76063113. Between Nov 4, 2008, and Sept 29, 2009, 100 children were enrolled and randomly assigned to the control group (n=50) or the diet group (n=50). Between baseline and the end of the first phase, the difference between the diet group and the control group in the mean ARS total score was 23·7 (95 CI 18·6-28·8; p<0·0001) according to the masked ratings. The difference between groups in the mean ACS score between the same timepoints was 11·8 (95 CI 9·2-14·5; p<0·0001). The ARS total score increased in clinical responders after the challenge by 20·8 (95 CI 14·3-27·3; p<0·0001) and the ACS score increased by 11·6 (7·7-15·4; p<0·0001). In the challenge phase, after challenges with either high-IgG or low-IgG foods, relapse of ADHD symptoms occurred in 19 of 30 (63) children, independent of the IgG blood levels. There were no harms or adverse events reported in both phases. A strictly supervised restricted elimination diet is a valuable instrument to assess whether ADHD is induced by food. The prescription of diets on the basis of IgG blood tests should be discouraged. Foundation of Child and Behaviour, Foundation Nuts Ohra, Foundation for Children's Welfare Stamps Netherlands, and the KF Hein Foundation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

van der Zee A.,Maasstad Hospital | Schellekens J.F.P.,Certe Laboratory for Infectious Diseases | Mooi F.R.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment | Mooi F.R.,Radboud University Nijmegen
Clinical Microbiology Reviews | Year: 2015

The introduction of vaccination in the 1950s significantly reduced the morbidity and mortality of pertussis. However, since the 1990s, a resurgence of pertussis has been observed in vaccinated populations, and a number of causes have been proposed for this phenomenon, including improved diagnostics, increased awareness, waning immunity, and pathogen adaptation. The resurgence of pertussis highlights the importance of standardized, sensitive, and specific laboratory diagnoses, the lack of which is responsible for the large differences in pertussis notifications between countries. Accurate laboratory diagnosis is also important for distinguishing between the several etiologic agents of pertussis-like diseases, which involve both viruses and bacteria. If pertussis is diagnosed in a timely manner, antibiotic treatment of the patient can mitigate the symptoms and prevent transmission. During an outbreak, timely diagnosis of pertussis allows prophylactic treatment of infants too young to be (fully) vaccinated, for whom pertussis is a severe, sometimes fatal disease. Finally, reliable diagnosis of pertussis is required to reveal trends in the (age-specific) disease incidence, which may point to changes in vaccine efficacy, waning immunity, and the emergence of vaccine-adapted strains. Here we review current approaches to the diagnosis of pertussis and discuss their limitations and strengths. In particular, we emphasize that the optimal diagnostic procedure depends on the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, and the vaccination status of the patient. © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Faber F.W.M.,HAGA Hospital | Van Kampen P.M.,HAGA Hospital | Bloembergen M.W.,Maasstad Hospital
Bone and Joint Journal | Year: 2013

As it remains unproven that hypermobility of the first tarsometatarsal joint (TMTJ-1) is a significant factor in hallux valgus deformity, the necessity for including arthrodesis of TMTJ- 1 as part of a surgical correction of a hallux valgus is questionable. In order to evaluate the role of this arthrodesis on the long-term outcome of hallux valgus surgery, a prospective, blinded, randomised study with long-term follow-up was performed, comparing the Lapidus procedure (which includes such an arthrodesis) with a simple Hohmann distal closing wedge metatarsal osteotomy. The study cohort comprised 101 feet in 87 patients: 50 feet were treated with a Hohmann procedure and 51 with a Lapidus procedure. Hypermobility of TMTJ-1 was assessed pre-operatively by clinical examination. After a mean of 9.25 years (7.25 to 11.42), 91 feet in 77 patients were available for follow-up. There was no difference in clinical or radiological outcome between the two procedures. Also, there was no difference in outcome between the two procedures in the subgroup clinically assessed as hypermobile. This study does not support the theory that a hallux valgus deformity in a patient with a clinically assessed hypermobile TMTJ-1 joint requires fusion of the first tarsometatarsal joint. © 2013 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Hoogewerf C.J.,Maasstad Hospital
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) | Year: 2013

Burn injuries are an important health problem. They occur frequently in the head and neck region - the area central to a person's identity, that provides our most expressive means of communication. Topical interventions are currently the cornerstone of treatment of partial-thickness burns to the face. To assess the effects of topical interventions on wound healing in people with facial burns of any depth. We searched the Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register (searched 12 November 2012); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 10); Ovid MEDLINE (1950 to November Week 1 2012); Ovid MEDLINE - In-process & Other Non-Indexed Citations (searched November 12, 2012); Ovid EMBASE (1980 to 2012 Week 45); and EBSCO CINAHL (1982 to 9 November 2012) for relevant trials. We did not apply date or language restrictions. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of topical treatment for facial burns were eligible for inclusion in this review. Two review authors independently assessed and included the references identified by the search strategy. Included trials were assessed using a risk of bias form, and data were extracted using a standardised data extraction sheet. For dichotomous and continuous outcomes, we calculated risk ratios and mean differences, respectively, both with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We included five RCTs, comprising a total of 119 participants. Two studies compared two different antimicrobial agents and three compared a biological or bioengineered skin substitute with an antimicrobial agent. All studies had small sample sizes and were at high risk of bias. Heterogeneity of interventions and outcomes prevented pooling of data. In three studies time to complete wound healing was significantly shorter for those using a skin substitute than for those using an antibacterial agent, but the quality of the evidence was low. Pain was significantly reduced with the use of skin substitutes in both studies that reported this outcome in all groups, range mean differences -2.00 (95% CI -3.82 to -0.18) to -4.00 (95% CI -5.05 to -2.95) on a 10-point scale. There is insufficient high quality research and evidence to enable conclusions to be drawn about the effects of topical interventions on wound healing in people with facial burns.

Hadithi M.,Maasstad Hospital | Pena A.S.,VU University Amsterdam
European Journal of Internal Medicine | Year: 2010

Coeliac disease is a common disorder. Due to the protean manifestations of the disease and the often mild but indolent course, the diagnosis is often missed. The method to diagnose this in principle reversible disease after the introduction of a gluten-free diet has attracted the attention of several scientific disciplines to find the simplest and most patient-friendly test. This has resulted in a noticeable impact on the clinical practice next to a general increased awareness of its existence, its pathogenesis, its course and recent evidence of increased mortality. Amendments made in the diagnostic criteria of coeliac disease over the last half century have simplified the diagnosis. However, the aspect most relevant to the specialist in internal medicine is related to its grave consequences when the disease fails to respond to a gluten-free diet. These refractory cases may culminate in severe complications with sombre endings and malignancy. Fortunately, current technology can offer the specialist in internal medicine more facilities to diagnose the cause of the complicated cases in order to attempt to intervene in the course of disease and hopefully save these patients. We review the available tools that now exist and their indications that can be practiced in a modern clinical setting for the diagnosis of the complicated forms of this disease. © 2010 European Federation of Internal Medicine.

Devillers A.C.A.,Maasstad Hospital | Oranje A.P.,Rotterdam University
Pediatric Dermatology | Year: 2012

Treatment of children with severe atopic dermatitis (AD) can be especially challenging because several possible intervention treatments have (relative) contraindications in childhood. In recent years, wet-wrap treatment (WWT) has been advocated as a relatively safe and efficacious intervention in children with severe or refractory AD. The goal of this article is to provide a practical guideline as a starting point for clinicians who are interested in using WWT in their own clinical practice. We will address several practical issues surrounding the use of WWT by describing our own experiences, supplemented with data from the literature. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Blankman P.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Hasan D.,Maasstad Hospital | Erik G.J.,University of Twente | Gommers D.,Erasmus University Rotterdam
Critical Care | Year: 2014

Introduction: This study compares different parameters derived from electrical impedance tomography (EIT) data to define 'best' positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during a decremental PEEP trial in mechanically-ventilated patients. 'Best' PEEP is regarded as minimal lung collapse and overdistention in order to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury.Methods: A decremental PEEP trial (from 15 to 0 cm H2O PEEP in 4 steps) was performed in 12 post-cardiac surgery patients on the ICU. At each PEEP step, EIT measurements were performed and from this data the following were calculated: tidal impedance variation (TIV), regional compliance, ventilation surface area (VSA), center of ventilation (COV), regional ventilation delay (RVD index), global inhomogeneity (GI index), and intratidal gas distribution. From the latter parameter we developed the ITV index as a new homogeneity parameter. The EIT parameters were compared with dynamic compliance and the PaO2/FiO2 ratio.Results: Dynamic compliance and the PaO2/FiO2 ratio had the highest value at 10 and 15 cm H2O PEEP, respectively. TIV, regional compliance and VSA had a maximum value at 5 cm H2O PEEP for the non-dependent lung region and a maximal value at 15 cm H2O PEEP for the dependent lung region. GI index showed the lowest value at 10 cm H2O PEEP, whereas for COV and the RVD index this was at 15 cm H2O PEEP. The intratidal gas distribution showed an equal contribution of both lung regions at a specific PEEP level in each patient.Conclusion: In post-cardiac surgery patients, the ITV index was comparable with dynamic compliance to indicate 'best' PEEP. The ITV index can visualize the PEEP level at which ventilation of the non-dependent region is diminished, indicating overdistention. Additional studies should test whether application of this specific PEEP level leads to better outcome and also confirm these results in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. © 2014 Blankman et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Blazevic A.,Maasstad Hospital | Hunze J.,Maasstad Hospital | Boots J.M.M.,Maasstad Hospital
Netherlands Journal of Medicine | Year: 2014

Currently, in many centres, intravenous administration of iron is becoming increasingly popular because of higher efficacy and decreased side effects, mainly gastrointestinal, compared with oral iron therapy. Studies of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose administration in the postpartum setting and in patients with non-dialysisdependent chronic kidney disease revealed a decrease in serum phosphate levels that was generally asymptomatic and transient. Here, we report four cases of severe and symptomatic hypophosphataemia after intravenous iron administration. All patients received this as therapy for iron deficiency anaemia due to heavy menstrual bleeding. In most cases, a pre-existent disorder in the phosphate homeostasis existed, such as a secondary (cases 3 and 4) or tertiary hyperparathyroidism (case 1). However, in the second case there were no risk factors for a dysregulation of the phosphate homeostasis. Based on these findings, we conclude that severe and symptomatic hypophosphatemia can occur as a side effect of intravenous iron administration and can persist for months after administration. Especially patients with low phosphate levels prior to therapy due to concomitant disorders in phosphate homeostasis (e.g. hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D deficiency) are at risk. © Van Zuiden Communications B.V. All rights reserved.

Van't Sant H.P.,Ikazia Hospital | Weidema W.F.,Ikazia Hospital | Hop W.C.J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Oostvogel H.J.M.,Elisabeth Hospital | Contant C.M.E.,Maasstad Hospital
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effects of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on anastomosis below the peritoneal verge and questions the influence of MBP on anastomotic leakage in combination with a diverting ileostomy in lower colorectal surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In a previous large multicenter randomized controlled trial MBP has shown to have no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage in overall colorectal surgery. The role of MBP in lower colorectal surgery with or without a diverting ileostomy remains unclear. METHODS: This study is a subgroup analysis of a prior multicenter (13 hospitals) randomized trial comparing clinical outcome of MBP versus no MBP. Primary end point was the occurrence of anastomotic leakage and secondary endpoints were septic complications and mortality. RESULTS: Total of 449 Patients underwent a low anterior resection with a primary anastomosis below the peritoneal verge. The incidence of anastomotic leakage was 7.6% for patients who received MBP and 6.6% for patients who did not. Significant risk factors for anastomotic leakage were the American Society of Anesthesiologists-classification (P = 0.005) and male gender (P = 0.007). Of total, 48 patients received a diverting ileostomy during initial surgery; 27 patients received MBP and 21 patients did not. There were no significant differences regarding septic complications and mortality between both groups. CONCLUSION: MBP has no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage in low colorectal surgery. Furthermore, omitting MBP in combination with a diverting ileostomy has no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage, septic complications, and mortality rate. Copyright © 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Timmers P.J.,Maasstad Hospital
International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of lymph node sampling and taking of blind biopsies as part of the surgical staging procedure for early ovarian cancer on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients who received no adjuvant chemotherapy. In the EORTC ACTION Trial, 448 patients with early ovarian carcinoma were randomized between November 1990 and March 2000-224 patients to observation and 224 to adjuvant platin-based chemotherapy. Only patients allocated to observation were included for the current study. Analyses were performed in a subgroup of 75 optimally staged patients (group A), 46 patients in whom all staging steps were performed except para-aortic or pelvic lymph node sampling (group B), and 14 patients who fulfilled all staging criteria but in whom no blind peritoneal biopsies were taken (group C). The study group did not differ in stage distribution, cell type, or tumor grade. Significantly improved 5-year DFS (P = 0.03) and 5-year OS (P = 0.01) were found in group A (optimally staged) versus group B (no lymph node sampling). A significant difference was also shown in 5-year DFS (P = 0.02) and 5-year OS (P = 0.003) between group A and group C (no blind biopsies). Recurrences occurred in 11 (14.6%) of 75 patients in group A, 16 (34.8%) of 46 patients in group B, and 5 (35.7%) of 14 in group C. The 5-year DFS in group A was 79% versus 61% and 64% in groups B and C, respectively. The 5-year OS decreased from 89% in group A to 71% in group B and 65% in group C. In this study, statistically significant differences were found in patients in whom para-aortic and pelvic lymph node sampling and taking of blind peritoneal biopsies were undertaken compared with patients in whom these staging steps had been omitted. These findings support the relevance of lymph node sampling and the taking of blind peritoneal biopsies in the surgical staging of early ovarian cancer.

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