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Sharma H.,Institute of Dental science | Chowdhury S.,Institute of Dental science | Navaneetham A.,Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital | Alam S.,Institute of Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2014

TMJ ankylosis is one of the most disruptive anomaly that affects the masticatory system. The inability to move the mandible has significant functional ramification, such as the inability to eat a normal diet. Additionally, speech is affected, making it difficult for some individuals to communicate and express themselves to others. As there are several biologic and anatomic similarities to the mandibular condyles, autogenous costochondral grafts have been considered to be the most acceptable tissue for temporomandibular joint reconstruction. In addition donor site complications are infrequent and regeneration of the rib usually occurs within a year post operatively in children. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the function of costochondral grafts to replace the mandibular condyles and to assess the position, growth, overgrowth, function, success, failure and resorption of costochondral grafts. Materials and Methods: Ten TMJ ankylosis patients were operated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly. Out of the 10 cases 6 were male patients and 4 female patients in age group of ≤14 years; of which 8 patients were of unilateral TMJ ankylosis and 2 were of bilateral TMJ ankylosis. All ten patients underwent interpositional gap arthroplasty with reconstruction of the condyle by costochondral graft. Results: All patients with costochondral grafts had improved mandibular symmetry and growth with adequate mouth opening. Conclusion: This study indicates that using costochondral grafts to reconstruct TMJ ankylosis in children provides a good result. © The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2014. Source

Rajkumar G.C.,Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital
The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in alveolar bone height after direct sinus elevation and simultaneous implant placement in the posterior edentulous maxilla. A prospective clinical study was conducted of patients undergoing sinus elevation for implant placement in the posterior maxilla to replace missing teeth. Residual alveolar bone height was between 4 and 7.5 mm. Lateral osteotomy of the maxillary sinus, followed by simultaneous implant placement without bone grafting, was performed under local anesthesia. Prosthetic restoration was completed 9 months later. The changes in alveolar bone height at the sinus floor were assessed radiographically after 1 week and 6, 9, 18, and 28 months after implant placement. Probing depths, implant mobility, and crestal bone loss were assessed at the same intervals. Twenty-eight patients (17 women and 11 men) participated in the study. Forty-five implants were placed and followed after prosthetic rehabilitation. At 18 months after loading of the implants, alveolar bone height in the area of sinus elevation ranged from 7.40 to 11.55 mm. Increases in alveolar bone height at the sinus floor ranged from 2.05 to 5.40 mm at a minimum of 18 months after loading, a statistically significant gain. Crestal bone loss and changes in probing depths were not significant in any patients, and all implants remained clinically stable. The implant success rate was 100% without any complications after 18 to 28 months of follow-up. Placement of endosseous implants in the atrophic posterior maxilla in conjunction with sinus elevation without bone grafting resulted in a significant amount of bone formation around the implants at the sinus floor, resulting in successful restorations and eliminating the need for bone grafting. Source

Mehkri S.,P.A. College | Rajkumar G.C.,Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital | Nagesh K.S.,P.A. College | Manjunath G.S.,Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology | Year: 2012

Multifocal odontogenic lesions are uncommon and have only been observed in conditions associated with known genetic mutations. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of multifocal adenomatoid odontogenic tumours (AOT) have previously been reported in the literature. In this study, we report the first case of a bilateral, separate AOT in the maxilla in the midline in a 2-year-old female. The patient presented with bilateral expansile masses in the maxilla on either side of the midline which had been present for 6 months. She was asymptomatic and had occasional difficulty in breathing. The tumour was diagnosed as AOT and was surgically enucleated along with the associated teeth. The patient recovered well and has been on recall for 5 years. The follow-up panoramic radiograph made a fortnight ago revealed evidence of three new radio-opaque lesions with an associated tooth in the region of the anterior mandible, the premolar region of the right maxilla and the molar region of the left maxilla. To acquire additional information about AOT, all reports regarding AOT cited in 'PubMed' from 1995 onward were reviewed and the incidence, clinical features, radiographic features and management of AOT are discussed in this study. © 2012 The British Institute of Radiology. Source

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