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State College, PA, United States

Founded in 1812, Lycoming College is located in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. One of the 50 oldest colleges in America, Lycoming enrolls 1400 undergraduate students from over 28 states and 12 foreign countries. Eighty percent of the college's students live on campus. Lycoming College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church but operates as an independent institution.The Carnegie Foundation has classified the College as a "Baccalaureate College – Arts & science". However, using more detailed categories of the newly revised Carnegie Classification system, Lycoming is found to be one of only 44 colleges in the nation to confer over 80% of its degrees in the arts and science, to focus exclusively on undergraduate education, to be small in size, to be "selective" or "more selective" in admissions, and to have a majority of full-time students residing on campus.In 2013 Forbes ranked 925 private colleges and universities for financial strength and operational soundness, and Lycoming was ranked 112 , ahead of such highly regarded institutions as Georgetown , Villanova , New York University , Boston University and Duquesne . Wikipedia.

Female offenders face many barriers to employment, including a lack of education and work experience. Correctional work programs offer skills training and exposure to work routines and norms, yet there is scant research on whether these programs can increase a woman's employability, and thus reduce recidivism, upon release. This longitudinal study examines whether employment in the federal prison industries program, UNICOR, reduces recidivism among a large sample of female inmates. Propensity scores are utilized to control for selection bias. This study finds no significant differences in rearrest or recommitment to federal prison between inmates employed in UNICOR and those who were not. Length of UNICOR employment is also not shown to have an effect on recidivism. The gender-specific needs of female offenders must be taken into account when developing correctional programming as factors other than employment may be more salient to a woman's ability to desist from crime. © 2012 © 2012 Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. Source

Richmond K.M.,Lycoming College
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation

Prison industries offers vocational training and professional work experience to inmates. The limited research on its effectiveness focuses primarily on post-release employment and recidivism outcomes. The current study interviews 70 male and female inmates from four Pennsylvania correctional industries programs. Inmates discussed their perceptions on the program, its impact on their behavior, and whether the training and skills are transferable. Prison industries improves one's sense of self and offers structure and routine. However, the relevance of the experience depends on the type of industry. Strengths and weaknesses of prison industries, including the need for gender-specific correctional work programs, are highlighted. © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Rice C.C.,Lycoming College
Biology and Philosophy

This paper analyzes two ways idealized biological models produce factive scientific understanding. I then argue that models can provide factive scientific understanding of a phenomenon without providing an accurate representation of the (difference-making) features of their real-world target system(s). My analysis of these cases also suggests that the debate over scientific realism needs to investigate the factive scientific understanding produced by scientists’ use of idealized models rather than the accuracy of scientific models themselves. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Adams R.T.,Lycoming College
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment

Soybean agriculture is expanding into the Brazilian Amazon, with certification programs in place to limit the environmental impact. Based on an ethnographic study with soybean farmers in Santarém, Pará State, Brazil, I claim that, through their enrollment in this conservation program, soybean farmers have come to see themselves as "responsible producers." Despite their self-identification as responsible producers, they treat environmental restrictions as a necessary cost imposed by civil society as they strive to transform the region into a commercial agriculture center, in contrast to alternative socio-ecological production practices, thus exemplifying neoliberal environmentality. Through studying up with landed elites, this work demonstrates a distinct form of neoliberal environmentality. © 2015 American Anthropological Association. Source

Macy M.,Lycoming College
Infants and Young Children

This research synthesis is a review of the literature on developmental screening measures used to identify young children with delays. Research on 14 commonly used tools to screen infants, toddlers, and preschoolers was examined. Findings may assist users and consumers in identifying developmental screening measures that have a body of evidence. Key words: assessment, developmental screening measures, early intervention. Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health. Source

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