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Hyderabad, India

Ali M.J.,Lvprasad Eye Institute | Psaltis A.J.,University of Adelaide | Murphy J.,University of Adelaide | Wormald P.J.,University of Adelaide
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2015

Purpose: To report a decade long experience with powered endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Methods: A retrospective review of all consecutive patients undergoing powered endoscopic DCR was performed at this institution over a period of 11 years from 2002 to 2013. All patients completed a minimum of 3 months follow up following stent removal. Patient records were reviewed for demographic data, clinical and surgical profiles, adjunctive procedures, complications, and success rates at the last follow up. Anatomical success was defined as patent ostium on irrigation and functional success as free flow of dye into ostium on functional endoscopic dye test and resolution of epiphora. Results: Two hundred eighty-three powered endoscopic DCRs were performed on 214 patients. The mean age at surgery was 59.5 years (range, 3-95 years). All patients presented with epiphora. A total of 91.6% patients (196/214) had a primary DCR and 8.4% (18/214) had a revision DCR. In all, 50.4% patients (108/214) underwent adjunctive endonasal procedures. The mean follow up was 17.1 months (range, 3-103 months). At the last follow up, the final anatomical success was achieved in 96.9% cases of primary DCRs and 91.3% cases of revision DCRs. Functional success was achieved in 93% cases of primary DCRs and 86.9% cases of revision DCRs. Conclusions: Powered endoscopic DCR is a safe procedure and offers excellent results both in primary and revision DCRs. The threshold to perform adjunctive endonasal procedures should be very low when indicated. © Copyright 2014 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.

Ali M.J.,Lvprasad Eye Institute
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2015

Purpose: To review and summarize the symptomatology, microbiology, special clinical entities, management, complications, and outcomes of pediatric acute dacryocystitis. Methods: The author performed a PubMed search of all articles published in English on acute dacryocystitis. Pediatric subpopulations of these articles were reviewed along with the scant literature of direct references to neonatal and pediatric acute dacryocystitis. Data reviewed included demographics, presentations, microbiological work up, management, complications, and outcomes. Results: Acute dacryocystitis is not very common in the pediatric age groups and occurs mostly as a complication of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The age of onset is usually in the neonatal period with a female preponderance. The clinical spectrum ranges from classic pediatric acute dacryocystitis to meningitis. Staphylococcus aureus is the commonest isolate. Occasionally acquired etiologies and rare organisms like Pantoea sp., Epstein-Barr Virus, and Sporothrix are implicated in the etiopathogenesis. The diagnosis is usually clinical aided by laboratory investigations. Better antibiotics, well-established laboratory techniques and surgical modalities, and improved patient care logistics have contributed to good outcomes; however, complications are still being noted although infrequently. Conclusions: Pediatric acute dacryocystitis is a distinct entity with unique features of its own. It is a serious infection that warrants careful evaluation and immediate management. In the era of antibiotic resistance, microbiological work up of Pediatric acute dacryocystitis is very useful for subsequent treatment. Surgical challenges in the pediatric age group are distinct and the outcomes are good if standard protocols are followed. Copyright © 2015 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.

Maharana P.K.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | Dubey A.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | Jhanji V.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Sharma N.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2016

Corneal ectasias include a group of disorders characterised by progressive thinning, bulging and distortion of the cornea. Keratoconus is the most common disease in this group. Other manifestations include pellucid marginal degeneration, Terrien's marginal degeneration, keratoglobus and ectasias following surgery. Advanced ectasias usually present with loss of vision due to high irregular astigmatism. Management of these disorders is difficult due to the peripheral location of ectasia and associated severe corneal thinning. Newer contact lenses such as scleral lenses are helpful in a selected group of patients. A majority of these cases requires surgical intervention. This review provides an update on the current treatment modalities available for management of advanced corneal ectasias.

Nabi S.A.,Sri Venkateswara University | Kasetti R.B.,Lvprasad Eye Institute | Sirasanagandla S.,Sri Venkateswara University | Tilak T.K.,Sri Venkateswara University | And 2 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: The available drugs for diabetes, Insulin or Oral hypoglycemic agents have one or more side effects. Search for new antidiabetic drugs with minimal or no side effects from medicinal plants is a challenge according to WHO recommendations. In this aspect, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects of Piper longum root aqueous extract (PlrAqe) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats.Methods: Diabetes was induced in male Wister albino rats by intraperitoneal administration of STZ (50 mg/kg.b.w). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were measured by glucose-oxidase & peroxidase reactive strips. Serum biochemical parameters such as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were estimated. The activities of liver and kidney functional markers were measured. The statistical analysis of results was carried out using Student t-test and one-way analysis (ANOVA) followed by DMRT.Results: During the short term study the aqueous extract at a dosage of 200 mg/kg.b.w was found to possess significant antidiabetic activity after 6 h of the treatment. The administration of aqueous extract at the same dose for 30 days in STZ induced diabetic rats resulted in a significant decrease in FBG levels with the corrections of diabetic dyslipidemia compared to untreated diabetic rats. There was a significant decrease in the activities of liver and renal functional markers in diabetic treated rats compared to untreated diabetic rats indicating the protective role of the aqueous extract against liver and kidney damage and its non-toxic property.Conclusions: From the above results it is concluded that the plant extract is capable of managing hyperglycemia and complications of diabetes in STZ induced diabetic rats. Hence this plant may be considered as one of the potential sources for the isolation of new oral anti hypoglycemic agent(s). © 2013 Nabi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Mulay K.,Centre for Sight | Mulay K.,Lvprasad Eye Institute | Aggarwal E.,Vasan Eye Care Hospitals | Honavar S.G.,Centre for Sight | Honavar S.G.,Lvprasad Eye Institute
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

Background: Involvement of orbital structures by immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is not uncommon. We conducted this study to evaluate the clinicopathologic features of orbital IgG4-RD. Material/Methods: This was a retrospective, clinicopathologic study. Clinical records, light microscopic features, results of immunostaining with IgG & IgG4 and laboratory findings were reviewed in 16 patients diagnosed with orbital IgG4-RD. Results: Eleven patients had a bilateral disease, and the lacrimal gland was involved in 14. Dense sclerosis, plasma cell aggregates and dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate were seen in all patients. Serum IgG4 titre was elevated in 12 patients. Nine patients responded completely to glucocorticoid treatment. Five patients had a relapse on discontinuation of treatment. Conclusion: Orbital IgG4-RD is a distinct clinicopathologic entity requiring increased awareness and needs to be differentiated from other orbital lymphoproliferative lesions. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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