Lviv State University of Physical Culture

ldufk.edu.ua/
L'viv, Ukraine

Lviv State University of Physical Culture is a Sports University in Lviv, Ukraine. Wikipedia.

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Khokhla A.,Lviv National Medical University | Pavlos O.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2017

The purpose is to determine the effectiveness of the program of physical training for athletes during preliminary-basic work that involves overall development of important physical qualities for fencing. Work on a comprehensive program of physical training for 12-14 year epee fencers contributed a significant increase to the level of all general and special physical performances. © JPES.


Zanevskyy I.,Kazimierz Pulaski Technological and Humanistic University | Zanevska L.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Testing and Evaluation | Year: 2016

A mean-score reliability of a test in a form of repeated trials with the same measurement equipment is estimated using an intraclass correlation coefficient varied within -1 and 1. The research aims to outline a method of estimation of the retest mean-score reliability coefficient adequate to its theoretical model, i.e., without negative values. The idea is: (1) to include all the scores obtained in the test-retest of the group of subjects to a united sample, and (2) to estimate corresponding true scores as individual means scores and include them to another sample. A proposed reliability score coefficient is derived as a ratio of a sum of squares of the individual means scores multiplied by a number of repeated trials to a total sum of squares. The method proposed in the work brings values of the mean-score reliability coefficient into the interval defined in the classic theory of test reliability: 0 to 1. The approach is illustrated with numerical examples. Copyright © 2015 by ASTM International.


Odinets T.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Briskin Y.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Fizjoterapia | Year: 2017

Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of personality-oriented physical rehabilitation programs on the heart rate variability in women with post-mastectomy syndrome. Methods: The following methods were applied: theoretical analysis of scientific and methodologic literature data, heart rate variability analysis, and mathematical statistical methods. The subjects of the study were 50 women with late symptoms of post-mastectomy syndrome. The study was conducted during the ambulatory rehabilitation stage after Madden radical mastectomy. All the indicators of the heart rate variability were equivalent in the main and comparison groups at the beginning of rehabilitation. The impact of training was examined every 6 months over the course of a year. Results: Measurements were taken three times: at the beginning of rehabilitation and after 6 and 12 months. It was found that most of the investigated parameters of heart rate variability in both groups steadily improved during the year of rehabilitation. The average values of stress index and amplitude of mode after 12 months of rehabilitation were lower in the main group than in the comparison group but the values of the standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals and the very low-frequency component of the spectrum were better by 6.48 ms (p < 0.05) and 203.29 ms2 (p < 0.05), respectively. Conclusions: The personality-oriented programs of physical rehabilitation were effective in augmenting heart rate variability and restoring autonomic balance in patients with post-mastectomy syndrome.


Evhen P.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Valeria T.,Zaporizhzhya National University
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2017

A longitudinal study of the dynamics of physiological indicators of highly qualified handball players was proposed to conduct. The challenges of studying the characteristics and dynamics of the indicators of the cardiovascular system, exercise capacity, heart rate, functional state, heart rate variability, autonomic regulation and energy of highly qualified handball players during the annual macro cycle have been analyzed. Data led to the conclusion that the adaptive response of the athletes’ bodies at the training load in the run proceeds with different voltage regulation systems. It was revealed that some athletes achieved high level of fitness and was accompanied by considerable stress adaptive mechanisms of the cardiovascular system in violation of the regulatory function of the autonomic nervous system. There was defined no significant differences in terms of heart rate and stroke volume were observed. However, in the competitive period marked economization in the vascular unit of blood circulation and decrease in activity of the sympathetic influences was determined. The balance of the autonomic nervous system was characterized type of vegetative regulation of cardiac rhythm. There has been a slight increase in activity of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system alone, which combines the high ability to mobilize sympathetic activity. In fact, this may indicate a functional imbalance of the cardiovascular system of athletes. It is expected that the analysis of heart rate provides a fairly informative data on the functional status of athletes and allows to make adjustments in the proper training and preparation of the recovery process. © JPES.


Penchuk A.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Vovkanych L.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2016

The objective of our investigation is the effect of the interval hypercapnic and hypoxic exercises with the supplementary respiration resistance on the respiration variables of the orienteers. The respiratory function variables (BTPS) have been measured at rest and during tests of vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV15). They were compared with average speed of running on short (2.4 km) and classical (6-8 km) distances. We have revealed a close positive connection between sports result of the orienteers of different qualifications and several variables of respiratory function (RRmax, FEV1, FVC and VC). The increase of sportsmen’s qualification is accompanied by the improvement of the MVV15, MVV% and Tiffeneau index. We study the effect of 30 days of the interval hypercapnic and hypoxic exercises (IHHE) on the important respiration variables. The "Carbonic-01" device with additional volume of dead space from 800 to 1000 ml has been used. We found that IHHE with the supplementary expiration resistance allows improving of RRm, FVC, MVV and Tiffeneau index of the trained orienteers (candidate master). There has been also discovered the up trend of VC and FEV1after IHHE. Due to the close correlation of the respiration variables and a competitive result, the established effect of IHHE on these variables will contribute to the improvement of orienteers sport achievements. © JPES.


Markian S.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2016

Clarification of physical qualities development in students with various physical fitness levels allows determining the optimal set of morphological features that characterize most motor abilities of children. The aim is to find out the students’ level of competence while taking the standards of physical fitness by students with various chest girths. Testing of students’ physical fitness was conducted by the approximate educational standards provided for Physical Education curriculum (2010). 327 students of senior school age: 146 - boys and 181 girls participated in testing of physical fitness level. It was found that chest girth has significant impact on senior schoolchildren’ fitness level at speed, strength, and speed and power exercises. It has been established that chest girth influence on students’ flexibility and endurance is somewhat less. The chest girth has virtually no effect on the level of agility in cyclic locomotion. © JPES.


Chekhovska M.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Chekhovska L.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2016

The recommendations of various countries for the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure are analyzed in the article. Because physical training are included in a comprehensive program of rehabilitation for patients with heart failure, it is established the necessity to develop the program of exercise training for children with heart failure in Ukraine that must be included in a comprehensive rehabilitation program. Because physical activity has positive effect not only on functional capacity and physical development of the children but also helps to stabilize and improve mood, better psychosocial functioning, better perception of drug therapy. © JPES.


Maryan P.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Valeria T.,Zaporizhzhya National University
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2016

To achieve maximum results in sport necessary to optimize the functioning of the cardiovascular system, that is an indicator of adaptive responses of physical exercises. Knowledge of the formation of the functional state of athletes in their preparation for the season as well as during the season has important meaning for the rational construction of the training process and the possibility of adjustment in order to achieve optimal results. In this context, the aim was to determine the nature of the changes to operational readiness of qualified handball players in the preparatory periods of training and competition. In this article were gotten characteristics of the functional state of cardiorespiratory system, the analysis of heart rate variability of qualified handball players was tested. It wasfound that for the control of the functional state of the athletes it is advisable to use the method of analysis of heart rate variability as the most objective and informative. Dynamics of the functional state of cardiorespiratory system of qualified handball players showed during the year that at the beginning of the preparatory period were recorded average for this type of sport, the absolute values of almost all functional parameters, characterizing the level of their overall physical capacity, aerobic endurance, muscular activity energy supply. In preparation for the season, a marked optimization of the functional readiness of the qualified handball players. At the end of the competition period from the handball team recorded deterioration in the level of functional readiness, caused by the build-up to this period signs of the natural fatigue of the body. The studies were carried out during an annual work and competition macrocycle at the start and at the end of pre-season and at the start and at the end of contest season. 86 handball players of the Ukrainian Super League in the age of 18-32 – were involved in study. © JPES.


Romanchuk S.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2015

The topicality of the research based on the presence of contradictions between the high demands which are put on the knowledge, skills and abilities of the commanders of cadets’ subunits of HMEI in physical training and sports and the lack of scientifically developed technology of educational guidance by their self-education in this field. The research objectives were to determine the regular dependence of officers’ self-development in the selfeducational activity in the field of physical training and sports and to justify the educational guidance technology of the commanders of cadets’ subunits self-education at HMEI in the field of physical training and sports. The quality of educational guidance by officers’ self-education is based on the ranking of educational conditions which are necessary to improve. The educational guidance technology of the commanders of cadets’ subunits self-education at HMEI in the field of physical training and sports is grounded and tested and it consists of such stages as: "preparatory", "organizational, " "active" and "analytical". The results show the high efficiency of the developed technology. The dynamics of changes in the level of self-education of the commanders of cadets’ subunits in the experimental group (EG) was significantly higher than in the control group (CG). At the end of the pedagogical experiment the level of the EG self-development was 3, 98 ± 0, 10 points, and significantly less was in CG 3, 68 ± 0, 11 points (t = 2, 018; p <0.05). © JPES.


Cherkas A.,Lviv State University of Physical Culture | Golota S.,Private Laboratory Eurolab
Medical Hypotheses | Year: 2014

Glycogen storage in human organism is providing reserve source of glucose which is critical for normal functioning of the nervous system during periods between meals and is also important for many other tissues. Overwhelming excessive consumption of carbohydrates and decreasing physical activity among the world population lead to dramatic increase in incidence and mortality related to cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus type 2. There is an observation that many interventions with proved clinical efficiency like physical activity, intermittent fasting, caloric restriction and some pharmacological treatments have in common the ability to decrease content of glycogen in the liver and skeletal muscles. This effect leads to increased ability of these organs to uptake the next dose of glucose and store it in the form of glycogen. Moreover these interventions lead to significant life span extension, provide better body fitness and prevent development of multiple age-related diseases. In contrast excessive glucose load and saturation of tissues with glycogen provide a metabolic shift toward synthesis of fatty acids by liver. In advanced stages decreased glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, fatty liver disease, impairment of liver function and derangements of cholesterol metabolism are observed. It is suggested that noninvasive measurement of glycogen content in tissues could serve as important diagnostic and follow-up parameter for clinical practice and healthy lifestyle in wide population groups. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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