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Xing Y.,Shenyang Pharmaceutical University | He J.,Yantai University | Hou J.,Shenyang Pharmaceutical University | Lin F.,Shandong Luye Pharmaceutical Co. | And 2 more authors.
Neurochemistry International | Year: 2013

Gender differences in susceptibility to chronic mild stress (CMS) and effects of venlafaxine in rats have been investigated in the current study. Male and female SD rats were exposed to CMS or CMS plus chronic venlafaxine administration (10 mg/kg, 21 days) in order to study depressive behavior in rats. Rats were tested in open field test and sucrose preference test to figure out gender differences in behavior. Then serum corticosterone and the expression of FKBP5 in hippocampus of rats were detected to explore the possible mechanism. The results showed that the CMS impact on behavioral parameters and corticosterone levels and response to venlafaxine were gender dependent. Female rats appeared more vulnerable in the dysregulation of HPA axis to CMS. Venlafaxine treatment normalized depressive-like behavior in both gender. However, venlafaxine treated male rats exhibited better improved explore behavior and anhedonia. FKBP5 might be involved in the explanation of gender differences in CMS and venlafaxine treatment. Male and female rats respond differently to chronic stress and venlafaxine continuous treatment. This results have guiding meaning in design of trials related to stress induced depression. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

The present disclosure relates to 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-6-[N,N-bis[(2-thienypethyl]]amino-1-naphthol, a method for preparing the same, and use of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-6-[N,N-bis[(2-thienypethyl]]amino-1-naphthol as a reference compound for determining an impurity in rotigotine or a preparation thereof.

Shandong Luye Pharmaceutical Co. | Date: 2012-12-18

Sustained release triptorelin microspheres include triptorelin or a salt of triptorelin, a copolymer of lactide and glycolide, and glucose or mannitol. The sustained release triptorelin microspheres have a relatively high initial release after administration, which allows the drug to produce its pharmaceutical effects immediately and to maintain long-term steady pharmaceutical effects.

The present invention discloses compounds of formula (I), their optical isomers or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, their preparation and uses thereof, wherein the definitions of R1, R2, R3 and R4 are shown in the description. These compounds are optical isomers or racemic mixtures. After these compounds are uptaken, they are metabolically transformated in vivo into 1-[2-dimethylamino-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethyl]-cyclohexanol that has neuropharmacological activity, by interrupting reuptake of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and/or norepinephrine (NA), which is used for treating diseases associated with central nerve system, such as depression, etc.

The present disclosure relates to polymorphs of 4-[2-dimethylamino-1-(1-hydroxycyclohexyl)ethyl]phenyl 4-methylbenzoate hydrochloride, methods for preparing the same and use of the same.

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