Lurgi GMBH

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Lurgi GMBH

Frankfurt am Main, Germany
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Patent
Lurgi Gmbh | Date: 2012-11-07

A reformer tube for producing synthesis gas by steam reforming of hydrocarbon-containing feed gases, preferably natural gas, includes one or more helically coiled heat exchanger tubes which are arranged within a catalyst bed of a reforming catalyst and are helically coiled over part of their length located within the catalyst bed and are otherwise straight are present, where the straight proportion of the heat exchanger tubes and/or the helix pitch of the helically coiled part alters within the catalyst bed and matching to requirements of the pressure drop, the heat exchange properties, and the corrosion resistance.


Patent
Lurgi Gmbh and Air Liquide | Date: 2012-09-18

A cooled reactor for the production of dimethyl ether by catalytic dehydration of methanol in the gas phase, the reactor having an adiabatic catalyst bed as starting zone, a moderator zone cooled by direct or indirect heat exchange, and optionally an adiabatic catalyst bed as conditioning zone. The conversion of methanol to dimethyl ether is increased and the formation of undesired by-products is decreased.


Process for the purification and separation of a synthesis gas stream containing hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in which synthesis gas is purified in a purification unit (W) involving a methanol washing step to remove carbon dioxide, the carbon dioxide depleted synthesis gas is purified by adsorption (P) to produce a purified synthesis gas stream and the purified gas stream is sent to a cryogenic separation unit (C) where it is cooled and separated by cryogenic separation in a column of a column system, at least one stream (13, 15)enriched in hydrogen or carbon monoxide is removed from a column of the column system, warmed and divided in two, one part of the stream being removed from the cryogenic separation unit as a first stream, the other part of the stream forming a second stream (13B, 15B) and being sent to the purification unit wherein it is warmed and the warmed second stream is mixed with the first stream.


Patent
Lurgi GmbH | Date: 2014-04-17

This invention relates to the production of synthesis gas by partial oxidation of liquid or gaseous, carbonaceous fuel in the presence of an oxygen-containing oxidant, wherein the fuel, the oxidant and a moderator are separately supplied to a burner and wherein the fuel and the moderator are mixed in a mixing chamber of the burner, before they are brought in contact with the oxidant. To reduce the load of the burner in particular during operation with transient conditions, the oxidant is centrally introduced through an outlet opening of the burner into a combustion chamber and the mixture of fuel and moderator is introduced through the outlet opening into the combustion chamber concentrically around the oxidant.


Patent
Lurgi Gmbh | Date: 2011-12-09

A distillation column with external circulation evaporator and a sedimentation zone in the bottom of the column, from which the evaporator circulation is fed, and use of the distillation column according to the invention for the distillation of acrylic acid.


In the production of low-molecular olefins, in particular of ethylene and propylene, an educt stream (O) containing at least one oxygenate and an educt stream (C) containing at least one C_(4+) olefin are simultaneously converted in at least one identical reactor on an identical catalyst to obtain a product mixture (P) comprising low-molecular olefins and gasoline hydrocarbons. The ratio (V) of oxygenates in the educt stream (O) to C_(4+) olefins in the educt stream (C) here is 0.05 to 0.5 and is calculated according to the following formula: with:


Patent
Lurgi GmbH | Date: 2012-05-07

For producing synthesis gas by autothermal reformation of gaseous, liquid and/or solid fuels, the fuel is reacted with an oxidizing agent in a reaction space at a pressure of 10 to 120 bar and a reaction space temperature of 800 to 2,000 C. to obtain synthesis gas, wherein the oxidizing agent is introduced centrally in the upper region of the reaction space and wherein a flame is formed in the reaction space. The oxidizing agent is introduced into the reaction space separate from the fuel.


A method for producing methanol from inert-rich syngas includes installing a catalytic pre-reactor is upstream of the single or mufti-stage synthesis loop, a first part of the syngas being converted to methanol in the catalytic pre-reactor. Furthermore, an inert gas separation stage, for example a pressure swing adsorption system or a membrane system, is connected downstream of the synthesis loop, whereby a hydrogen-enriched syngas stream can be returned to the synthesis loop. In the processing of methane-rich syngas, the inert gas separation stage may also comprise an autothermal reformer in which methane is converted to carbon oxides and hydrogen, which are also returned into the synthesis loop.


Patent
Lurgi Gmbh | Date: 2012-06-08

A method for reforming hydrocarbon-containing feed gas into synthesis gas, involving processing of the feed gas by pre-reforming at least partially converting one or more higher hydrocarbons into methane, and heating the feed gas by exothermic catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbons before the introduction thereof into the main reforming zone, and, subsequent to the pre-reforming, reforming the pre-reformed product with the addition of a controlled quantity of an oxidizing agent.


A novel steam reformer unit design, a novel hydrogen PSA unit design, a novel hydrogen/nitrogen enrichment unit design, and novel processing scheme application are presented.

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