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Scagliotti G.V.,University of Turin | Kosmidis P.,Hygeia Hospital | De Marinis F.,San Camillo Hospital | Schreurs A.J.M.,Robert Bosch GmbH | And 8 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Bone metastases are common in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and can have devastating consequences. Preventing or delaying bone metastases may improve outcomes. Patients and methods: This study evaluated whether zoledronic acid (ZOL) delayed disease progression or recurrence in patients with controlled stage IIIA/B NSCLC after first-line therapy. Patients received vitamin D and calcium supplementation and were randomized to i.v. ZOL (every 3-4 weeks) or no treatment (control). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: No significant intergroup differences were observed in PFS or overall survival (OS). Median PFS was 9.0 months with ZOL versus 11.3 months for control. Fifteen ZOL-treated (6.6%) and 19 control patients (9.0%) developed bone metastases. Estimated 1-year OS was 81.8% for each group. ZOL safety profile was consistent with previous clinical data, but with higher discontinuations versus control. Fifteen ZOL-treated (6.6%) and five control patients (2.3%) had renal adverse events. Two cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw were reported. Conclusions: ZOL did not significantly affect PFS or OS in stage IIIA/B NSCLC patients with controlled disease, with a trend toward worsening PFS in the longer-term follow-up. Few patients experienced bone metastases, possibly limiting the potential ZOL impact on disease course. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Querings S.,Max Planck Institute for Neurological Research | Querings S.,University of Cologne | Altmuller J.,University of Cologne | Ansen S.,University of Cologne | And 20 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Treatment of EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer patients with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors erlotinib or gefitinib results in high response rates and prolonged progression-free survival. Despite the development of sensitive mutation detection approaches, a thorough validation of these in a clinical setting has so far been lacking. We performed, in a clinical setting, a systematic validation of dideoxy 'Sanger' sequencing and pyrosequencing against massively parallel sequencing as one of the most sensitive mutation detection technologies available. Mutational annotation of clinical lung tumor samples revealed that of all patients with a confirmed response to EGFR inhibition, only massively parallel sequencing detected all relevant mutations. By contrast, dideoxy sequencing missed four responders and pyrosequencing missed two responders, indicating a dramatic lack of sensitivity of dideoxy sequencing, which is widely applied for this purpose. Furthermore, precise quantification of mutant alleles revealed a low correlation (r2 = 0.27) of histopathological estimates of tumor content and frequency of mutant alleles, thereby questioning the use of histopathology for stratification of specimens for individual analytical procedures. Our results suggest that enhanced analytical sensitivity is critically required to correctly identify patients responding to EGFR inhibition. More broadly, our results emphasize the need for thorough evaluation of all mutation detection approaches against massively parallel sequencing as a prerequisite for any clinical implementation. © 2011 Querings et al.

Zander T.,University of Cologne | Hofmann A.,University of Bonn | Staratschek-Jox A.,University of Bonn | Classen S.,University of Bonn | And 17 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Purpose: Blood-based surrogate markers would be attractive biomarkers for early detection, diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction of therapeutic outcome in cancer. Disease-associated gene expression signatures in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) have been described for several cancer types. However, RNA-stabilized whole blood-based technologies would be clinically more applicable and robust. We evaluated the applicability of whole blood-based gene expression profiling for the detection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Experimental Design: Expression profiles were generated from PAXgene-stabilized blood samples from three independent groups consisting of NSCLC cases and controls (n=77, 54, and 102), using the Illumina WG6-VS2 system. Results: Several genes are consistently differentially expressed in whole blood of NSCLC patients and controls. These expression profiles were used to build a diagnostic classifier for NSCLC, which was validated in an independent validation set of NSCLC patients (stages I-IV) and hospital-based controls. The area under the receiver operator curve was calculated to be 0.824 (P < 0.001). In a further independent dataset of stage I NSCLC patients and healthy controls the AUC was 0.977 (P < 0.001). Specificity of the classifier was validated by permutation analysis in both validation cohorts. Genes within the classifier are enriched in immune-associated genes and show specificity for NSCLC. Conclusions: Our results show that gene expression profiles of whole blood allow for detection of manifest NSCLC. These results prompt further development of gene expression-based biomarker tests in peripheral blood for the diagnosis and early detection of NSCLC. ©2011 AACR.

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