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Neuß, Germany

Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | Lee S.W.L.,Queen Mary Hospital | Worthley S.G.,Royal Adelaide Hospital | Silber S.,Cardiology Practice and Hospital | And 17 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Objectives: This study sought to compare the efficacy and safety results after coronary implantation of a combined sirolimus-eluting CD34 antibody coated Combo stent (OrbusNeich Medical, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida) with the paclitaxel-eluting Taxus Liberté stent (PES) (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts). This report summarizes the first-in-man randomized, controlled multicenter REMEDEE trial (Randomized study to Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an abluMinal sirolimus coatED bio-Engineered StEnt) angiographic, intravascular ultrasound, and clinical results up to 12 months. Background: Drug-eluting stents have limited restenosis and reintervention but are complicated by especially late and very late stent thrombosis and accelerated neoatherosclerosis. Alternative or adjunct technologies should address these limitations. Methods: One hundred eighty-three patients with de novo native coronary artery stenoses were randomized 2:1 to Combo stent or PES implantation. The primary endpoint is the angiographic in-stent late lumen loss at 9 months, which was tested for noninferiority between the 2 stent groups. Secondary endpoints include the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events. Results: The Combo stent was found to be noninferior to the PES in 9-month angiographic in-stent late lumen loss with 0.39 ± 0.45 mm versus 0.44 ± 0.56 mm (pnoninferiority = 0.0012). At 12 months, the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events was 8.9% in the Combo group and 10.2% in the PES group (p = 0.80) with no difference in mortality, occurrence of myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization. No stent thrombosis was reported in either group. Conclusions: In the REMEDEE trial the Combo stent has shown to be effective by meeting the primary noninferiority angiographic endpoint and safe, with an overall low rate of clinical events in both stent groups, including no stent thrombosis up to 12 months. © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Valgimigli M.,Erasmus Medical Center | Costa F.,Erasmus Medical Center | Byrne R.,TU Munich | Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | And 2 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2015

Aims: Our aim was to report on a survey initiated by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) concerning opinion on the evidence relating to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration after coronary stenting. Methods and results: Results from three randomised clinical trials were scheduled to be presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2014 (AHA 2014). A web-based survey was distributed to all individuals registered in the EuroIntervention mailing list (n=15,200) both before and after AHA 2014. A total of 1,134 physicians responded to the first (i.e., before AHA 2014) and 542 to the second (i.e., after AHA 2014) survey. The majority of respondents interpreted trial results consistent with a substantial equipoise regarding the benefits and risks of an extended versus a standard DAPT strategy. Two respondents out of ten believed extended DAPT should be implemented in selected patients. After AHA 2014, 46.1% of participants expressed uncertainty about the available evidence on DAPT duration, and 40.0% the need for clinical guidance. Conclusions: This EAPCI survey highlights considerable uncertainty within the medical community with regard to the optimal duration of DAPT after coronary stenting in the light of recent reported trial results. Updated recommendations for practising physicians to guide treatment decisions in routine clinical practice should be provided by international societies. © Europa Digital & Publishing 2015. All rights reserved. Source

Windecker S.,University of Bern | Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | Neumann F.-J.,Universitats Herzzentrum Freiburg Bad Krozingen | Stangl K.,Charite Campus Mitte | And 17 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2015

Background-Biodegradable polymers for release of antiproliferative drugs from drug-eluting stents aim to improve vascular healing. We assessed noninferiority of a novel ultrathin strut drug-eluting stent releasing sirolimus from a biodegradable polymer (Orsiro, O-SES) compared with the durable polymer Xience Prime everolimus-eluting stent (X-EES) in terms of the primary end point in-stent late lumen loss at 9 months. Methods and Results-A total of 452 patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to treatment with O-SES (298 patients, 332 lesions) or X-EES (154 patients, 173 lesions) in a multicenter, noninferiority trial. The primary end point was in-stent late loss at 9 months. O-SES was noninferior to X-EES for the primary end point (0.10±0.32 versus 0.11±0.29 mm; difference=0.00063 mm; 95% confidence interval, -0.06 to 0.07; Pnoninferiority<0.0001). Clinical outcome showed similar rates of target-lesion failure at 1 year (O-SES 6.5% versus X-EES 8.0%; hazard ratio=0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-1.68; log-rank test: P=0.58) without cases of stent thrombosis. A subgroup of patients (n=55) underwent serial optical coherence tomography at 9 months, which demonstrated similar neointimal thickness among lesions allocated to O-SES and X-EES (0.10±0.04 mm versus 0.11±0.04 mm; -0.01 [-0.04, -0.01]; P=0.37). Another subgroup of patients (n=56) underwent serial intravascular ultrasound at baseline and 9 months indicating a potential difference in neointimal area at follow-up (O-SES, 0.16±0.33 mm2 versus X-EES, 0.43±0.56 mm2; P=0.04). Conclusions-Compared with durable polymer X-EES, novel biodegradable polymer-based O-SES was found noninferior for the primary end point in-stent late lumen loss at 9 months. Clinical event rates were comparable without cases of stent thrombosis throughout 1 year of follow-up. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | Ince H.,Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain and Am Urban | Abizaid A.,Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology | Toelg R.,Herzzentrum Segeberger Kliniken GmbH | And 11 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2016

Background Absorbable scaffolds were designed to overcome the limitations of conventional, non-absorbable metal-based drug-eluting stents. So far, only polymeric absorbable scaffolds are commercially available. We aimed to assess the safety and performance of a novel second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) in patients with de-novo coronary artery lesions. Methods We did this prospective, multicentre, non-randomised, first-in-man trial at 13 percutaneous coronary intervention centres in Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Eligible patients had stable or unstable angina or documented silent ischaemia, and a maximum of two de-novo lesions with a reference vessel diameter between 2·2 mm and 3·7 mm. Clinical follow-up was scheduled at months 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36. Patients were scheduled for angiographic follow-up at 6 months, and a subgroup of patients was scheduled for intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, and vasomotion assessment. All patients were recommended to take dual antiplatelet treatment for at least 6 months. The primary endpoint was in-segment late lumen loss at 6 months. We did analysis by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01960504. Findings Between Oct 8, 2013, and May 22, 2015, we enrolled 123 patients with 123 coronary target lesions. At 6 months, mean in-segment late lumen loss was 0·27 mm (SD 0·37), and angiographically discernable vasomotion was documented in 20 (80%) of 25 patients. Intravascular ultrasound assessments showed a preservation of the scaffold area (mean 6·24 mm2 [SD 1·15] post-procedure vs 6·21 mm2 [1·22] at 6 months) with a low mean neointimal area (0·08 mm2 [0·09]), and optical coherence tomography did not detect any intraluminal mass. Target lesion failure occurred in four (3%) patients: one (<1%) patient died from cardiac death, one (<1%) patient had periprocedural myocardial infarction, and two (2%) patients needed clinically driven target lesion revascularisation. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed. Interpretation Our findings show that implantation of the DREAMS 2G device in de-novo coronary lesions is feasible, with favourable safety and performance outcomes at 6 months. This novel absorbable metal scaffold could be an alternative to absorbable polymeric scaffolds for treatment of obstructive coronary disease. Funding Biotronik AG. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Waksman R.,MedStar Washington Hospital Center | Prati F.,CLI Foundation | Bruining N.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | And 9 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Background-The drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold has demonstrated feasibility, safety, and promising clinical and angiographic outcomes at 12 months in human coronary arteries. This study aimed to evaluate the degradation rate and long-term vascular responses to drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold. Methods and Results-BIOSOLVE-I was a multicenter, single-arm, first-in-man trial assessing the safety and performance of drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold in 46 patients with coronary artery disease. Patients who underwent serial invasive imaging, such as quantitative coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography, at 6 and 12 months were included in this study. From postimplantation to follow-up, arterial curvature and angulation were significantly increased by the degradation process. The greatest increase was seen from postimplantation to 6 months. The systolic-diastolic changes of the curvature and angulation gradually improved throughout the follow-up period. At the site of implantation, vasoconstriction (-10% mean reduction) was observed during the acetylcholine test at 6 months. The average percent hyperechogenicity of the scaffolded segments showed a continuous decrease over time, with the most pronounced changes within the first 6 months (from 22.1±7.0% to 15.8±3.7%; P<0.001). Struts discernible on optical coherence tomography at 6 and 12 months showed full neointimal coverage, with stabilization of the mean scaffold area from 6 to 12 months. Furthermore, the mean neointimal area (1.55±0.51 versus 1.58±0.34 mm2; P=0.794) remained unchanged from 6 to 12 months. Conclusions-This serial analysis of drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold confirmed the safety and efficacy of this new device, with vasomotion restoration and continued degradation over time demonstrated by multi-invasive imaging modalities. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

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