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Neuß, Germany

Barski D.,Lukas Hospital | Deng D.Y.,University of California at San Francisco
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

Purpose. To evaluate the surgical treatment concepts for the complications related to the implantation of mesh material for urogynecological indications. Materials and Methods. A review of the current literature on PubMed was performed. Results. Only retrospective studies were detected. The rate of mesh-related complications is about 15-25% and mesh erosion is up to 10% for POP and SUI repair. Mesh explantation is necessary in about 1-2% of patients due to complications. The initial approach appears to be an early surgical treatment with partial or complete mesh resection. Vaginal and endoscopic access for mesh resection is favored. Prior to recurrent surgeries, a careful examination and planning for the operation strategy are crucial. Conclusions. The data on the management of mesh complication is scarce. Revisions should be performed by an experienced surgeon and a proper follow-up with prospective documentation is essential for a good outcome. © 2015 D. Barski and D. Y. Deng.

Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital | Gerullis H.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine
Drugs of Today | Year: 2011

Vinflunine is a novel third-generation bifluorinated semisynthetic vinca alkaloid that has been shown to have activity against a variety of solid tumor types including advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium. In contrast to other vinca alkaloids, vinflunine shows superior antitumor activity and an excellent safety profile. Vinflunine interacts with tubulin and has a lower affinity to tubulin; it has a high intracellular accumulation rate and therefore significant effects on microtubule dynamics. A large, phase III trial comparing vinflunine with best supportive care versus best supportive care alone showed an improvement in overall survival in the vinflunine arm in preplanned secondary analyses. In addition, the drug has shown a moderate adverse event profile in the phase II and III trials. In September 2009, vinflunine was approved as a second-line treatment for patients with urothelial carcinoma resistant to first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy by the European Medicines Agency. Copyright © 2011 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology | Year: 2010

Bladder cancer is controllable when adequately diagnosed and treated according to current recommendations. Radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is the standard therapy for muscle invasive tumors. In patients unfit or unwilling to get radical surgery, external beam or combined chemo-radiotherapy display alternative treatment options and can be safely performed. Every therapy implies the patient's disposition to cooperate. Case presentation: This case report describes the clinical course over 31 months after initial diagnosis of a 56-years-old Caucasian, white man with an initial pT1G3 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. The patient denied early radical cystectomy, radio-chemotherapy and almost all alternative treatment possibilities. He finally died 31 months after initial verification of the disease.

Engelmann G.,Lukas Hospital | Hoffmann G.F.,University of Heidelberg | Grulich-Henn J.,University of Heidelberg | Teufel U.,University of Heidelberg
Hepatitis Monthly | Year: 2014

Background: Elevated aminotransferases serve as surrogate markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a feature commonly associated with the metabolic syndrome. Studies on the prevalence of fatty liver disease in obese children comprise small patient samples or focus on those patients with liver enzyme elevation. Objectives: We have prospectively analyzed liver enzymes in all overweight and obese children coming to our tertiary care centre. Patients and Methods: In a prospective study 224 healthy, overweight or obese children aged 1 - 12 years were examined. Body Mass Index-Standard Deviation Score, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase were measured. Results: Elevated alanine aminotransferase was observed in 29% of children. 26 % of obese and 30 % of overweight children had liver enzyme elevations. Obese children had significantly higher alanine aminotransferase levels than overweight children (0.9 vs. 0.7 times the Upper Limit of Normal; P = 0.04). Conclusions: Elevation of liver enzymes appears in 29 % obese children in a tertiary care centre. Absolute alanine aminotransferase levels are significantly higher in obese than in overweight children. Even obese children with normal liver enzymes show signs of fatty liver disease as demonstrated by liver enzymes at the upper limit of normal. © 2014, Kowsar Corp.

Wlodzimirow K.A.,University of Amsterdam | Abu-Hanna A.,University of Amsterdam | Royakkers A.A.N.M.,Zaans Medical Center | Spronk P.E.,Lukas Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Nephron - Clinical Practice | Year: 2014

Aims: To evaluate the performance of fractional excretion of urea (FeU) for differentiating transient (T) from persistent (P) acute kidney injury (AKI) and to assess performance of FeU in predicting AKI in patients admitted to the ICU. Methods: We performed secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective observational cohort study on the predictive performance of biological markers for AKI in critically ill patients. AKI was diagnosed according to RIFLE staging. Results: Of 150 patients, 51 and 41 patients were classified as having T-AKI and P-AKI, respectively. The diagnostic performance for FeU to discriminate T-AKI from P-AKI on the day of AKI was poor (AUC-ROC = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.49-0.73). The diagnostic performance of FeU to predict AKI 1 and 2 days prior to AKI was poor as well (AUC-ROC = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.47-0.74, and 0.58; 95% CI: 0.43-0.73, respectively). Conclusions: FeU does not seem to be helpful in differentiating T- from P-AKI in critically ill patients and it is a poor predictor of AKI. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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