The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Neo-Latin Studies in Innsbruck is a research institute of the Austrian Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft. Partner organizations of the LBI are the University of Innsbruck, the University of Freiburg, the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and the Pontificio Comitato di Scienze Storiche in Rome.The LBI was founded in 2011 and is dedicated to the study of Neo-Latin literature. It particularly focuses on the significance of Neo-Latin literature in the formation of Early Modern Europe. The LBI attempts to flesh out the idea that today's Europe would look very differently without the contribution of Neo-Latin literature. This idea is explored by means of examples from three lines of research. Wikipedia.
Ferbeyre G.,University of Montreal |
Moriggl R.,Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer | Year: 2011
Stat5 is constitutively activated in many human cancers affecting the expression of cell proliferation and cell survival controlling genes. These oncogenic functions of Stat5 have been elegantly reproduced in mouse models. Aberrant Stat5 activity induces also mitochondrial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species leading to DNA damage. Although DNA damage can stimulate tumorigenesis, it can also prevent it. Stat5 can inhibit tumor progression like in the liver and it is a tumor suppressor in fibroblasts. Stat5 proteins are able to regulate cell differentiation and senescence activating the tumor suppressors SOCS1, p53 and PML. Understanding the context dependent regulation of tumorigenesis through Stat5 function will be central to understand proliferation, survival, differentiation or senescence of cancer cells. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Gugglberger L.,Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute
Health Promotion International | Year: 2011
Schools that want to implement health promotion (HP) are often confronted with obstacles that they cannot overcome by themselves and therefore need support from their environment. However, the issue of which kind of support is needed for HP implementation is complex. A systems approach suggests that the individual logic of each school be considered and that supporting strategies be flexible to specific needs. This article pursues the question which types of support for health promoting schools are offered on a provincial level in Austria. Using a grounded theory approach, 18 in-depth interviews with representatives of provincial organizations and 26 documents relevant for school HP were analysed. As a result, five different strategies of supporting health promoting schools have been identified in Austria: (i) organize exchange among schools, (ii) establish certification and quality control of school health efforts, (iii) offer consultation and information, (iv) carry out a specific HP programme and (v) coordinate HP actors and information. These strategies are usually combined and rarely occur in their pure form. It was also determined that the coordination of the different strategies and human resources for HP are missing for schools in Austria. It is argued that each of these supporting strategies has benefits and limitations for schools and the providers, and that they all have the potential to respond to the school as a complex social system. © The Author (2011). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Stearns-Kurosawa D.J.,Boston University |
Osuchowski M.F.,Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute |
Valentine C.,Boston University |
Kurosawa S.,Boston University |
Remick D.G.,Boston University
Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease | Year: 2011
Sepsis is a serious clinical condition that represents a patient's response to a severe infection and has a very high mortality rate. Normal immune and physiologic responses eradicate pathogens, and the pathophysiology of sepsis is due to the inappropriate regulation of these normal reactions. In an ideal scenario, the first pathogen contact with the inflammatory system should eliminate the microbe and quickly return the host to homeostasis. The septic response may accelerate due to continued activation of neutrophils and macrophages/monocytes. Upregulation of lymphocyte costimulatory molecules and rapid lymphocyte apoptosis, delayed apoptosis of neutrophils, and enhanced necrosis of cells/tissues also contribute to the pathogenesis of sepsis. The coagulation system is closely tied to the inflammatory response, with cross talk between the two systems driving the dysregulated response. Biomarkers may be used to help diagnose patients with sepsis, and they may also help to identify patients who would benefit from immunomodulatory therapies. Copyright © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Rothlin F.,Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute
Journal of Health, Organisation and Management | Year: 2013
Purpose: Reorienting health services towards health promotion is one of the major health promotion strategies stipulated by the Ottawa Charter). Important contradictions, tensions and barriers to health promotion implementation associated with organisational structures have, thus far, been underexposed in the hospital health promotion discourse. This paper aims at identifying risks and the chances for hospital management to strategically and sustainably reorient their hospitals towards health promotion. Design/methodology/approach: The paper combines theories and findings from organisational science and management studies as well as from capacity development in the form of a narrative literature review. The aim is to focus on the conditions hospitals, as organisational systems with a highly professionalised workforce, provide for a strategically managed reorientation towards health promotion. Models and principles helping managers to navigate the difficulties and complexities of health promotion reorientation will be suggested. Findings: Hospital managers have to deal with genuine obstacles in the complexity and structural formation of hospital organisations. Against this background, continuous management support, a transformative leadership style, participative strategic management and expert governance can be considered important organisational capacities for the reorientation towards a new concept such as health promotion. Practical implications: This paper discusses managerial strategies, effective structural transformations and important organisational capacities that can contribute to a sustainable reorientation of hospitals towards health promotion. It supports hospital managers in exploring their chances of facilitating and effectively supporting a sustainable health promotion reorientation of their hospitals. Originality/value: The paper provides an innovative approach where the focus is on enhanced possibilities for hospital managers to strategically manage the reorientation towards health promotion. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Kremser W.,Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute
Health Promotion International | Year: 2011
The implementation of health promotion concepts in (school) settings is a complex undertaking on which little scientific knowledge exists. The purpose of this study was to better understand organizational influences on the implementation of school health promotion. An extended case study design that incorporated important insights from complexity science was used. This design influenced the focus of analysis and led to the use of multiple methods of data collection and analysis. A primary school in Vienna served as a case for observing and analysing the first year of implementing the health-promoting school concept. The study provided detailed insights into the implementation process. Results showed four chronologically overlapping implementation phases (starting health promotion, deciding what to do, planning health promotion projects, doing health promotion) on different system levels. In each phase, the original health-promoting school concept was adapted to the necessities and characteristics of each level and, therefore, changed considerably. Implications for possible adaptations of the health-promoting school concept to better fit the situation in schools are discussed. © The Author (2011). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.