Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology

Vienna, Austria

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology

Vienna, Austria

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Kloesch B.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Liszt M.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Broell J.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Steiner G.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Steiner G.,Medical University of Vienna
Life Sciences | Year: 2011

Aims: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly diffusable and reactive molecules which modulate gene transcription, particularly of pro-inflammatory cytokines which play a crucial role in the nascency and progression of chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Since thiols could be potent inhibitors of the production of cytokines, the effects of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and dimethyl sulphone (DMS) on constitutive and IL-1β-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression in the human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2 were evaluated. Main methods: C-28/I2 cells were incubated for 12 h with different concentrations of DMSO or DMS. The secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The impact of DMSO and DMS on the regulation of p38 and ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was confirmed by Western blot experiments. Furthermore, C-28/I2 cells were stimulated with IL-1β in the absence or presence of DMSO and DMS and IL-6 and IL-8 expression was quantified by ELISAs and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Key findings: C-28/I2 cells constitutively expressed large quantities of IL-6 and IL-8. Long-term exposure of cells to DMSO (1%) or DMS (100 mM) led to a dramatic downregulation of IL-6 and IL-8 expression which was accompanied by the deactivation of ERK1/2. Both substances also blocked IL-1β-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression. Significance: In this study, we demonstrate that both DMSO and DMS represent strong anti-inflammatory properties by blocking constitutive as well as IL-1β-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression in the human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Goldhahn K.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Hintersteininger M.,University of Vienna | Steiner G.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Steiner G.,Medical University of Vienna | And 2 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2015

Background/Aim: Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism by curcumin has been suggested to be a key mechanism for its anti-carcinogenic action. Recently, we reported on the synthesis of curcumin analogues and their evaluation as selective COX1 inhibitors. Two compounds (HP109/HP102) were selected for evaluation of their anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic potential in Jurkat T-cells. Materials and Methods: Jurkat T-cells were stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate/ phytohemagglutinin (PMA/PHA) in the absence and presence of different concentrations of curcumin or HP109/HP102. Interleukin 2 (IL2) production and IL2 promoter activity were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a luciferase reporter assay, respectively. Proliferation and cell viability were monitored by 2,3-Bis-(2-Methoxy-4-Nitro-5-Sulfophenyl)-2H-Tetrazolium-5-Carboxanilide assay, annexin -V/7- amino-actinomycin D staining and western blotting. Results: HP102 was about 10-times more effective in blocking IL2 synthesis compared to curcumin. Enhanced effects of HP102 were also observed in reducing the proliferation rate and cell viability. In contrast to HP102, HP109 did not exhibit enhanced effects compared to curcumin. Conclusion: The curcumin analog HP102 had strongly improved the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic potential in Jurkat T-cells compared to curcumin.


Kloesch B.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Liszt M.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Steiner G.,Vienna University Hospital | Broll J.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology
Rheumatology International | Year: 2012

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a central role in inflammatory processes, and their blockage represents pharmacological approaches in the treatment of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Alternatively, H 2S has long been used in sulphur bath therapy for patients suffering from different types of rheumatic disorders, but reports about the beneficial effects of this form of therapy are controversial, rare and of poor scientific quality. The human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2 was treated with two different MAPK inhibitors (SB203580 and U0126) or with various concentrations of the H 2S donor Natrium hydrogen sulphide (NaHS). Thereafter, the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The impact of NaHS on the regulation of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK was confirmed by Western blot experiments. Furthermore, IL-6 and IL-8 expression was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISAs from cells which were exposed to SB203580, U0126 and NaHS and stimulated by IL-1b. The C-28/I2 cells constitutively expressed large quantities of IL-6 and IL-8. The data provided prove that in these cells, constitutive as well as IL-1β-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression was partially and transiently blocked by the treatment of cells with both MAPK inhibitors and NaHS. Presented data seem to be important in evaluating the beneficial functions of MAPK inhibitors and H 2S in immune-pathophysiological processes. © Springer-Verlag 2010.


Kloesch B.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Liszt M.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Broell J.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology
Cell Biology International | Year: 2010

Sulfur bath therapy represents the oldest form of treatment for patients with different types of rheumatic disorders. However, scientific reports about the beneficial effects of this form of therapy are controversial, rare and of poor scientific quality. Also, little is known about the role and underlying molecular mechanisms of H2S. Therefore, this topic encouraged us to investigate the influence of H2S on fibroblasts isolated from the synovial membrane of RA (rheumatoid arthritis) patients. FLSs (fibroblast-like synoviocytes) were treated with different concentrations of an exogenous H2S donor (NaHS). At defined time points, secretion of IL-6 was quantified by ELISA. Activation/deactivation of MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases), p38 and p44/42 MAPK (ERK1/2) were confirmed by Western blot experiments. FLSs constitutively express and secrete large quantities of IL-6 and IL-8. Data provided prove that, in FLSs, constitutive as well as IL-1β-induced expression of IL-6 is transiently and partially down-regulated by the short treatment of cells with low concentrations of NaHS. Another key finding is that H2S deactivates p44/42 MAPK (ERK1/2). Long-term exposure of FLSs to H2S provides stimulatory effects, leading to reinforced activation of p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 accompanied by upregulation of IL-6 expression. Presented data seem of importance for studying (patho-) physiological functions of H2S and also for reevaluating sulfur spa therapy as one of the oldest forms of therapy for rheumatic disorders. © The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2010 Portland Press Limited.


Nell-Duxneuner V.,Medical University of Vienna | Machold K.,Medical University of Vienna | Stamm T.,Medical University of Vienna | Eberl G.,Hietzing Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2010

Objective: To investigate time courses of autoantibody profiles in patients with early arthritis. Patients and methods: A total of 200 patients with very early arthritis (<3 months duration), among them 102 patients with a final diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 98 with other rheumatic diseases, were followed up for several years. First follow-up testing was performed in all patients (mean 5 months from baseline), and 82 patients with RA and 35 patients without RA were available for last follow-up testing (mean 32 months from baseline). IgM-rheumatoid factor (RF) was measured by nephelometry, IgA-RF, IgG-RF and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) by ELISA, and anti-RA33 antibodies were determined by immunoblotting. Results: At baseline, IgA-RF was detectable in 29% and IgG-RF in 14% of patients with RA while IgM-RF>50 IU/ml (RF50) was positive in 45% of the patients; specificities were 97%, 99% and 96%, respectively. However, the vast majority of patients positive for IgA-RF or IgG-RF were also positive for RF50 or ACPA. During follow-up, the prevalence of ACPA slightly increased while prevalence of all RF subtypes and anti-RA33 decreased. Remarkably, the number of patients positive for RF50 and/or ACPA remained constant, and these patients had a highly increased risk for developing erosive disease in contrast to patients solely positive for anti-RA33. Conclusions: Testing for RF subtypes did not provide additional diagnostic information. Patients positive for RF50 and/or ACPA had an unfavourable prognosis, irrespectively of changes in the antibody profile during follow-up, whereas anti-RA33 positivity was inversely associated with erosiveness at baseline and at later time points.


Kloesch B.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Liszt M.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Krehan D.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | Broell J.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology | And 2 more authors.
Immunology Letters | Year: 2012

Objectives: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder, primarily affecting the articular structures and synovial membranes of multiple joints. Beside pharmacologically based treatments, sulphur bath therapy has long been used as a therapy for patients suffering from different rheumatic disorders. But scientific reports about the beneficial effects of H 2S as well as about the underlying molecular mechanisms are controversial and rare. Methods: Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) derived from RA and OA-patients were treated with the H 2S-donor sodium hydrogen sulphide (NaHS). IL-6 release was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Gene expression of IL-6, IL-8 and COX-2 as well as of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-14 was monitored by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Modulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) p38 and ERK1/2 was analysed by Western blotting. Results: High concentrations of H 2S (above 0.5mM) elevated the expression of pro-inflammatory genes in RA- and OA-FLS. This was accompanied by activation of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK. H 2S-induced expression of IL-6, IL-8 and COX-2 was completely blocked by specific inhibitors of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK and NF-κB. Conclusion: H 2S is a potent gaseous molecule that can upregulate the expression of a series of pro-inflammatory genes in RA and OA-FLS. Therefore, caution is advised in patients with active RA when taking sulphur bath therapy. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Rheumatology international | Year: 2012

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a central role in inflammatory processes, and their blockage represents pharmacological approaches in the treatment of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Alternatively, H(2)S has long been used in sulphur bath therapy for patients suffering from different types of rheumatic disorders, but reports about the beneficial effects of this form of therapy are controversial, rare and of poor scientific quality. The human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2 was treated with two different MAPK inhibitors (SB203580 and U0126) or with various concentrations of the H(2)S donor Natrium hydrogen sulphide (NaHS). Thereafter, the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The impact of NaHS on the regulation of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK was confirmed by Western blot experiments. Furthermore, IL-6 and IL-8 expression was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISAs from cells which were exposed to SB203580, U0126 and NaHS and stimulated by IL-1. The C-28/I2 cells constitutively expressed large quantities of IL-6 and IL-8. The data provided prove that in these cells, constitutive as well as IL-1-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression was partially and transiently blocked by the treatment of cells with both MAPK inhibitors and NaHS. Presented data seem to be important in evaluating the beneficial functions of MAPK inhibitors and H(2)S in immune-pathophysiological processes.


PubMed | Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Immunology letters | Year: 2011

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder, primarily affecting the articular structures and synovial membranes of multiple joints. Beside pharmacologically based treatments, sulphur bath therapy has long been used as a therapy for patients suffering from different rheumatic disorders. But scientific reports about the beneficial effects of H(2)S as well as about the underlying molecular mechanisms are controversial and rare.Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) derived from RA and OA-patients were treated with the H(2)S-donor sodium hydrogen sulphide (NaHS). IL-6 release was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Gene expression of IL-6, IL-8 and COX-2 as well as of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-14 was monitored by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Modulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) p38 and ERK1/2 was analysed by Western blotting.High concentrations of H(2)S (above 0.5mM) elevated the expression of pro-inflammatory genes in RA- and OA-FLS. This was accompanied by activation of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK. H(2)S-induced expression of IL-6, IL-8 and COX-2 was completely blocked by specific inhibitors of p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK and NF-B.H(2)S is a potent gaseous molecule that can upregulate the expression of a series of pro-inflammatory genes in RA and OA-FLS. Therefore, caution is advised in patients with active RA when taking sulphur bath therapy.


PubMed | Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Life sciences | Year: 2011

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly diffusable and reactive molecules which modulate gene transcription, particularly of pro-inflammatory cytokines which play a crucial role in the nascency and progression of chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Since thiols could be potent inhibitors of the production of cytokines, the effects of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and dimethyl sulphone (DMS) on constitutive and IL-1-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression in the human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2 were evaluated.C-28/I2 cells were incubated for 12h with different concentrations of DMSO or DMS. The secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The impact of DMSO and DMS on the regulation of p38 and ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was confirmed by Western blot experiments. Furthermore, C-28/I2 cells were stimulated with IL-1 in the absence or presence of DMSO and DMS and IL-6 and IL-8 expression was quantified by ELISAs and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).C-28/I2 cells constitutively expressed large quantities of IL-6 and IL-8. Long-term exposure of cells to DMSO (1%) or DMS (100mM) led to a dramatic downregulation of IL-6 and IL-8 expression which was accompanied by the deactivation of ERK1/2. Both substances also blocked IL-1-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression.In this study, we demonstrate that both DMSO and DMS represent strong anti-inflammatory properties by blocking constitutive as well as IL-1-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression in the human chondrocyte cell line C-28/I2.


PubMed | University of Graz, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rheumatology and Balneology and Medical University of Vienna
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pharmacological reports : PR | Year: 2016

In the vascular system, ATP-sensitive K(+)-channels are a target for H2S. Recent evidence suggests that H2S may also modulate Na(+)- and Ca(2+)-permeable channels and intracellular Ca(2+) stores, but the influence of H2S on endothelial Ca(2+) dynamics and Ca(2+)-dependent activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of H2S on Ca(2+) signaling in endothelial and smooth muscle cells with special emphasis given to the role of H2S in modulating endothelial NO formation.Experiments were performed with endothelial cells from porcine aorta, the human endothelial cell line HMEC-1, and smooth muscle cells from rat aorta and trachea. Mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) and Ca(2+) entry was monitored with Fura-2. Activity of eNOS was determined as conversion of incorporated l-[(3)H]arginine into l-[(3)H]citrulline.Incubation of endothelial cells with the H2S donors sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) and GYY4137 blocked activation of eNOS by the receptor agonist ATP but not by the Ca(2+) ionophore A23187. Data revealed that H2S inhibited ATP-induced release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores indicating that H2S attenuates eNOS activity by blocking capacitative Ca(2+) entry. A similar inhibitory effect of H2S on ATP-induced Ca(2+) release and Ca(2+) entry was also observed in human microvascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells.H2S antagonized Ca(2+) mobilization by receptor agonists and store-operated Ca(2+) entry thereby limiting eNOS activation and NO formation. The effect of H2S on Ca(2+) stores was not restricted to endothelial cells but was also observed in vascular and tracheal smooth muscle cells.

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