The Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu is a university in Romania. It was named after the philosopher, poet, and playwright, Lucian Blaga. It was founded in 1990 with five schools: Letters, History and Law, Medicine, Food and Textile Processing Technology, Engineering and science. Other schools were added later. Wikipedia.
Mihaila R.-G.,Lucian Blaga University
Biomedical Papers | Year: 2017
The diagnosis of essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera is often made during a thrombotic event which can be serious. Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasia patients have an increased thrombotic risk. This is assessed using various scoring systems but these are far from ideal and individual risk. The currend trend to personalised medicine requires finding the most useful thrombotic risk biomarker in these patients. Routine tests for coagulation do not take account of both pro- and anti-coagulant factors which is why these tests are not useful in patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. Thrombin generation reflects more accurately the balance between pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Some parameters of thrombin generation such as the endogenous thrombin potential are higher in Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm patients, especially in JAK2 V617F carriers than in healthy controls. They are even higher in those with reactive thrombocytosis. The JAK2 V617F allele burden correlates more with a higher thrombin generation potential in patients who are not treated with hydroxycarbamidum. Instead, JAK2 V617F-positive patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms were the most sensitive to hydroxycarbamidum, as was reflected in lower values of platelet thrombin generation potential. The use of thrombin generation examination in these patients would enable detection of imminent thrombosis and personalised prophylactic management. © 2017, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 484.50K | Year: 2013
Health professionals agree that the relationship between diet and health is important. Our eating habits can help or hurt our overall health and well-being. Good eating habits include being a smart shopper and selecting foods that reflect the Dietary Guidelines. The food label was designed to help people choose foods for a healthful diet. By using the food label, we can compare the nutrient content of similar foods, see how foods fit into our overall diets, and understand the relationship between certain nutrients and diseases. Health claims describe the relationship between a nutrient or a food and the risk of a disease. Products that make a health claim must contain a defined amount of the nutrient that is directly linked to the health-related condition.Nutrition labels can help you choose between products, and keep a check on the amount of foods high in fat, salt and added sugars that youre eating. Nutrition labels can also provide information on how a particular food or drink product fits into your daily diet. Consumers are often confused by health claims on food labels, according to a review of research carried out on behalf of the Agency in anticipation of a new European regulation on health and nutrition claims. The overall aims of NUTRILAB are: Bring together, review and analyze current research on consumer understanding of claims, and also labeling where this would inform our knowledge of consumer understanding of claims. Gather information on how consumer understanding of claims varies across different population groups, to gain insight into the understanding of the average consumer. Draw conclusions from existing research to see whether there are areas where further information would be useful, and to inform the direction that any additional research conducted in future could take. We will reach these targets as a multidisciplinary team across Europe, sharing knowledge, developing new approaches.
Moulin E.,Charles Sadron Institute |
Cormos G.,Charles Sadron Institute |
Cormos G.,Lucian Blaga University |
Giuseppone N.,Charles Sadron Institute
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2012
This tutorial review presents emerging lines of investigations directed towards the development of dynamic combinatorial materials and devices. These can be defined as multi-component chemical systems which, thanks to the reversibility of their interconnections within networks of competing reactions, and thanks to their sensitivity to environmental parameters, aim at performing modular functional tasks by responding to external stimuli. The behaviour of such dynamic materials is by essence more complex than the one produced by their static or single-component counterparts and as such, they hold higher potentialities in terms of information processing and functionality tuning. Key examples are selected here to illustrate the variety of their chemical nature and physical properties which can be implemented for the fabrication of devices as diverse as sensors, ion channels, self-healable materials, mesophases for the controlled release of bioactive compounds, or dynamic functional nanostructures. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-22-2016 | Award Amount: 5.55M | Year: 2017
The overarching aim of the iRead project is to develop a software infrastructure of personalised, adaptive technologies and a diverse set of applications for supporting learning and teaching of reading skills. The specific goals of the project proposed are to: 1. Develop a scalable, cloud-based software infrastructure of open, interoperable components, including real-time user modelling and domain knowledge components, to support learning of reading skills by children with different abilities and linguistic backgrounds 2. Develop domain models for English, Greek, German and Spanish learners, and to contextualise those models with respect to skills and difficulties of (i) typically developing readers, (ii) English and Greek readers with dyslexia and (ii) learners of English as a Foreign language. The domain models will utilise and generalise the domain model implemented in a previous FP7 project iLearnRW 3. Develop applications for supporting learning (literacy games, interactive e-books, Reader app) that utilise the infrastructure to yield different types of personalised learning services and experiences 4. Develop and evaluate personalised content classification metrics that enable reading for use by electronic publishers and libraries 5. Enable orchestrated use of the learning applications (games, e-books, Reader app) based on learning analytics, and a personalised experience through adaptive support 6. Implement a number of large-scale evaluation pilots across European countries and providers in order to evaluate the pedagogical effectiveness of the iRead ecosystem.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 118.32K | Year: 2014
The general objective of the project is to promote scientific research in Romania and to share to general public the enthusiasm of professionals working in this field. Our approach for this national coverage event is to present science and scientists in a non conventional way, employing edutainment methods. The easiest way for the public to learn about science and research is to experience things and to remember amusing scientific experiments or demonstrations. Similar activities, conducted in a regular manner should be a trigger for the pupils and students to consider a career in research following graduation. Our event will take place in 6 cities: Bucharest, Craiova, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Sibiu and Timisoara, and are organized by enthusiastic teams from Universities and research Institutes. The gravity point of all proposed activities is represented by various open air activities, organized in an amusing manner by real scientists and students. Furthermore we would like to stress the importance of scientific research for a modern society and to share information on major research infrastructures in Romania (e.g ELI project). European Research Area and the program Horizon2020 will be presented interactively at EU corners. The target audience for all locations include pupils, students, teachers, parents and grand parents, with special attention devoted to gender equality. We will attract pupils and parents from rural regions, kids with special educational needs, kids from the gifted education programme and theirs trainers. Special tours will be organized for policy makers in educational area, science teachers and science journalists. By means of a well developed media plan, including social media tools, during the awareness campaign we expect that more that 700000 people will know precise data about our project: locations, hours, proposed activities. In all proposed locations we expect a total number of participants higher than 20000 people.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.8.1 | Award Amount: 2.33M | Year: 2012
The aim of the project is to contribute towards a move away of traditional assistive software which uses a computer simply as an alternative to pen and paper and develop next generation learning software which uses a computer to facilitate the learning process for children with dyslexia and/or dysorthographia.\n\nThe ILearnRW learning environment will demonstrate the following features:\n\n1. User modeling. A profile for each learner should be built. The profile should include, among others, the type of dyslexia and the errors the user is most likely to make.\n\n2. Teaching strategies. The interaction of a learning system with a child should be based on a teaching strategy that supports the individual user in fulfilling her specific learning goals.\n\n3. Classification of learning material. Content classification must be a major component in any content management system. To think about it, a tutor helping a child to learn reading/writing always selects appropriate learning material based on the childs needs and capabilities.\n\n4. Personalized content presentation. If we know the errors the user is likely to make, we can enrich the text presentation with visual cues by combining highlighting, text-reformatting and word segmentation. In addition, the type of dyslexia should also influence the presentation.\n\n5. Engaging learning activities. High degree of learner engagement is sought in any learning activity. To achieve this goal, we integrate learning activities into serious games. A creative game scenario, coupled with a positive reinforcement mechanism, will extend childs engagement.\n\n6. Evaluation of learning. When a game is coupled with a game usage logging mechanism, data collected related to the users actions may lead to a quantitative assessment of learning.\n\n7. On-line resource bank. Coherent collections of data which support specific teaching strategies should be accessible to learners and educators.\n\nThe ILearnRW environment will support the English and Greek languages
Chicea D.,Lucian Blaga University
Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, Rapid Communications | Year: 2010
Nanofluids are suspensions of nano to micrometer sized particles in liquids. A nontypical Dynamic Light Scattering experiment was conducted for measuring the nanoparticles and the aggregates diameter in aqueous suspension. Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) measurements were also carried on and the results are discussed.
Chicea D.,Lucian Blaga University
Current Nanoscience | Year: 2012
An aqueous suspension containing magnetic nanoparticles is not stable because the nanoparticles aggregate. As the aggregates size increases and the number of particles in suspension decreases, the rheological properties of the nanofluid, which are important for biomedical applications, change tremendously. Modified versions of the SLS and DLS experiments were used to monitor the nanoparticle aggregation and the results are presented in detail. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.
Birlutiu V.,Lucian Blaga University
Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology | Year: 2015
Introduction: The present report describes a case of sepsis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae in a patient with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia with no animal exposure, associated with concomitant bronchopneumonia due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Case presentation: A 54-year-old Caucasian man presented to an emergency room with a three-day history of chest pain, fever, cough with purulent sputum, chills and dyspnea. The patient had associated erythematous papules on the chest and enlarged axillary, submandibular, pectoral and supraclavicular lymph nodes, which regressed under treatment with penicillin. The patient was found to have sepsis without endocarditis caused by E rhusiopathiae, associated with bronchopneumonia that was induced by a double Gram-negative infection. Conclusions: The underlying-B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia may have favoured the development of bacteremia due to E rhusiopathiae, which occurred subsequent to glossitis in an immunocompromised host being treated with methylprednisolone and cladribine.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 152.00K | Year: 2012
The research program focuses on a central theme relating governance and regulation of the sector of the social economy in a territorial context. This project is based on Vaesken and Zafiropoulou model centered to social innovation resulting from the articulation between modes of governance and modes of regulation. The program treats three specific research orientations of social policies and local development: 1. Cultural policies (cultural management, place of users in the construction of cultural policies, innovating systems and devices). This axis points the difficulty in taking into account the requests of stakeholders in the construction of cultural policies building oriented to social regulation. 2. Healthcare policies (centered on active participation of users, innovating systems and devices of management in isolated territories). This axis analyzes news relationships, partnerships and services characterizing the healthcare sector, having for goal to manage medical territories. 3. Policies of social and economic integration of disadvantaged populations (innovating systems and devices of management). Within the framework of the social and professional integration it is important to study the roles of private and public operators in order to specify different types of configurations. These configurations aim to answer problems of social and economic insertion. Moreover, a transverse axis on home care and integrated services will be developed. This multidisciplinary research project integrates both economic, public policies and public management approaches. Our goals of work are multiple: To share university knowledge in the fields of social economy applied to partners territories. To cross research on regulation practices integrated in social policies. To analyze the role of users and to identify the strategies of actors. To describe territorial specificities and to theorize managerial practices.