De Abreu L.A.,LQFPP |
De Abreu L.A.,Hokkaido University |
Calixto C.,LQFPP |
Waltero C.F.,LQFPP |
And 9 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects | Year: 2013
Background Tick embryogenesis is a metabolically intensive process developed under tightly controlled conditions and whose components are poorly understood. Methods In order to characterize the role of AKT (protein kinase B) in glycogen metabolism and cell viability, glycogen determination, identification and cloning of an AKT from Rhipicephalus microplus were carried out, in parallel with experiments using RNA interference (RNAi) and chemical inhibition. Results A decrease in glycogen content was observed when AKT was chemically inhibited by 10-DEBC treatment, while GSK3 inhibition by alsterpaullone had an opposing effect. RmAKT ORF is 1584-bp long and encodes a polypeptide chain of 60.1 kDa. Phylogenetic and sequence analyses showed significant differences between vertebrate and tick AKTs. Either AKT or GSK3 knocked down cells showed a 70% reduction in target transcript levels, but decrease in AKT also reduced glycogen content, cell viability and altered cell membrane permeability. However, the GSK3 reduction promoted an increase in glycogen content. Additionally, either GSK3 inhibition or gene silencing had a protective effect on BME26 viability after exposure to ultraviolet radiation. R. microplus AKT and GSK3 were widely expressed during embryo development. Taken together, our data support an antagonistic role for AKT and GSK3, and strongly suggest that such a signaling axis is conserved in tick embryos, with AKT located upstream of GSK3. General significance The AKT/GSK3 axis is conserved in tick in a way that integrates glycogen metabolism and cell survival, and exhibits phylogenic differences that could be important for the development of novel control methods. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All Rights Reserved.