Fama L.M.,LPandMC |
Fama L.M.,CONICET |
Fama L.M.,University of Buenos Aires |
Pettarin V.,CONICET |
And 4 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2011
In this work, novel starch based nanocomposites containing very small quantities of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) (0.027 wt% and 0.055 wt%) were developed. These materials exhibited highly improved tensile and impact properties as a consequence of wrapping the MWCNTs with a starch-iodine complex composed by the same starch of the matrix. Thus, good dispersion of the filler in the matrix and excellent adhesion between phases (as shown in FE-SEM micrographs) were achieved. Increments up to almost 70% in stiffness and 35% in ultimate tensile strength, keeping deformations higher than 80% without break were found. Therefore, tensile toughness also increased up to ∼50%. Enhancements of up to ∼100% in biaxial impact parameters (thickness related perforation energy and disc maximum strength values) were also observed. The significant improvements in all uniaxial tensile and biaxial impact properties obtained for such significantly low contents of filler, as a result of the type of functionalization used, have not been already reported in the literature and point out these biodegradable composites as a very appealing alternative to traditional materials for different applications. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Felisberto M.,LPandMC |
Sacco L.,LPandMC |
Mondragon I.,University of the Basque Country |
Rubiolo G.H.,LPandMC |
And 3 more authors.
Materials Letters | Year: 2010
A new approach to chemical vapour deposition (CVD) growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using commercial magnetite nanoparticles, avoiding its in situ synthesis, is reported. Commercial magnetite nanoparticles were used as catalyst material to growth multiwalled carbon nanotubes by chemical vapour deposition onto a silicon substrate of several square centimeters in area. It is shown that the application of an alternating electric field during the deposition of catalytical nanoparticles is an effective technique to avoid their agglomeration allowing nanotube growth. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the nanotubes grow perpendicularly to the substrate and formed an aligned nanotubes array. The array density can be controlled by modifying the deposited nanoparticle concentration. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.