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Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms -Market Demand, Growth, Opportunities and Analysis of Top Key Player Forecast To 2022Pune , India - April 24, 2017 /MarketersMedia/ — Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Industry Description Wiseguyreports.Com Adds “Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms -Market Demand, Growth, Opportunities and Analysis of Top Key Player Forecast To 2022” To Its Research Database This report studies Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms in Global market, especially in North America, China, Europe, Southeast Asia, Japan and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2012 to 2016, and forecast to 2022. This report focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering CIMC Offshore Segment Keppel Corporation Sembcorp Marine Heerema Marine Contractors Maersk Drilling Shell DSME COSCO TSC CSIC Dalian Request for Sample Report @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/sample-request/1218368-global-semi-submersible-drilling-platforms-market-professional-survey-report-2017 By types, the market can be split into Underwater Float Types Caisson Types By Application, the market can be split into Offshore Wind Turbines Oil and Natural Gas Drillings Others By Regions, this report covers (we can add the regions/countries as you want) North America China Europe Southeast Asia Japan India If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want. Leave a Query @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/enquiry/1218368-global-semi-submersible-drilling-platforms-market-professional-survey-report-2017 Table of Contents Global Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Market Professional Survey Report 2017 1 Industry Overview of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.1.1 Definition of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.1.2 Specifications of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.2 Classification of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.2.1 Underwater Float Types 1.2.2 Caisson Types 1.3 Applications of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 1.3.1 Offshore Wind Turbines 1.3.2 Oil and Natural Gas Drillings 1.3.3 Others 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 China 1.4.3 Europe 1.4.4 Southeast Asia 1.4.5 Japan 1.4.6 India .... 8 Major Manufacturers Analysis of Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms 8.1 CIMC Offshore Segment 8.1.1 Company Profile 8.1.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.1.2.1 Product A 8.1.2.2 Product B 8.1.3 CIMC Offshore Segment 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.1.4 CIMC Offshore Segment 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.2 Keppel Corporation 8.2.1 Company Profile 8.2.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.2.2.1 Product A 8.2.2.2 Product B 8.2.3 Keppel Corporation 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.2.4 Keppel Corporation 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.3 Sembcorp Marine 8.3.1 Company Profile 8.3.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.3.2.1 Product A 8.3.2.2 Product B 8.3.3 Sembcorp Marine 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.3.4 Sembcorp Marine 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.4 Heerema Marine Contractors 8.4.1 Company Profile 8.4.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.4.2.1 Product A 8.4.2.2 Product B 8.4.3 Heerema Marine Contractors 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.4.4 Heerema Marine Contractors 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.5 Maersk Drilling 8.5.1 Company Profile 8.5.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.5.2.1 Product A 8.5.2.2 Product B 8.5.3 Maersk Drilling 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.5.4 Maersk Drilling 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.6 Shell 8.6.1 Company Profile 8.6.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.6.2.1 Product A 8.6.2.2 Product B 8.6.3 Shell 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.6.4 Shell 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.7 DSME 8.7.1 Company Profile 8.7.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.7.2.1 Product A 8.7.2.2 Product B 8.7.3 DSME 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.7.4 DSME 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.8 COSCO 8.8.1 Company Profile 8.8.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.8.2.1 Product A 8.8.2.2 Product B 8.8.3 COSCO 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.8.4 COSCO 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.9 TSC 8.9.1 Company Profile 8.9.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.9.2.1 Product A 8.9.2.2 Product B 8.9.3 TSC 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.9.4 TSC 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.10 CSIC Dalian 8.10.1 Company Profile 8.10.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.10.2.1 Product A 8.10.2.2 Product B 8.10.3 CSIC Dalian 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.10.4 CSIC Dalian 2016 Semi-submersible Drilling Platforms Business Region Distribution Analysis Buy Now @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/checkout?currency=one_user-USD&report_id=1218368 Continued... Contact Us: Sales@Wiseguyreports.Com Ph: +1-646-845-9349 (Us) Ph: +44 208 133 9349 (Uk) Contact Info:Name: NORAH TRENTEmail: sales@wiseguyreports.comOrganization: WISE GUY RESEARCH CONSULTANTS PVT LTDAddress: Office No. 528, Amanora Chambers Magarpatta Road, Hadapsar Pune - 411028Phone: +91 841 198 5042Source URL: http://marketersmedia.com/semi-submersible-drilling-platforms-market-2017-global-analysis-opportunities-and-forecast-to-2022/189554For more information, please visit https://www.wiseguyreports.com/sample-request/1218368-global-semi-submersible-drilling-platforms-market-professional-survey-report-2017Source: MarketersMediaRelease ID: 189554


News Article | April 25, 2017
Site: www.techtimes.com

Around 300 million tons of plastic is manufactured each year globally. Plastic is not naturally biodegradable and pollutes the environment. Environmental researchers have been persevering to find a way to dispose of the huge amounts of plastic and plastic products in an effective manner, without harming the Earth. A new study has found that a caterpillar commonly bred for fish bait can chew through polyethylene (plastic) products at an impressive rate. Researchers assert that the worm, known as wax worms (Galleria mellonella), can make sizable holes through plastic in just 30 to 40 minutes. Federica Bertocchini, a scientist at the Spanish National Research Council, conducted the study. Paolo Bombelli and Chris Howe from Cambridge University assisted CSIC's Bertocchini in the research. The idea of using wax worms first occurred to Bertocchini when she was cleaning out her backyard bee hive. These worms had infested the hive and while cleaning it, Bertocchini placed them inside a plastic bag. An hour later, she discovered the sizable holes in the bag and the plastic eating worms missing. Drawing inspiration from the incident, Bertocchini and her co-researchers started a study to figure out how the caterpillars were eating through the polyethylene. The scientists placed these wax worms on a sheet of plastic and recorded that each worm was able to create 2.2 holes per hour in the sheet. Overnight, these plastic-eating worms were able to go through around 92 milligrams of a shopping bag. The researchers estimated that it would likely take 100 of these wax worms a month to go through a standard 5.5 gram plastic shopping bag. The scientists also added dead wax worms to plastic and were surprised to see that even then the polyethylene bags were degraded. This suggested that the plastic-eating caterpillars were secreting some kind of enzyme or bacteria, which resulted in the degradation. "If a single enzyme is responsible for this chemical process, its reproduction on a large scale using biotechnological methods should be achievable," Bombelli shared. He added that the caterpillar was not essentially eating the plastic, but was using the chemical enzyme to break down polyethylene into ethylene glycol. The excessive use of polyethylene in packaging and manufacturing of shopping bags has resulted in the rise of plastic pollution over the years. Even low density polyethylene bags take around 100 years to degrade completely. While the highest density plastic takes up to 400 years to disintegrate. Scientists are optimistic that the wax worm research results would lead to some form of degradation process, which would be much faster than the current ones. However, some researchers opine that reducing plastic pollution should not rely on degradation methods, but instead focus on recycling plastic bags and minimizing their production. The research's results will be published in the next edition of Current Biology. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.


News Article | April 24, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

A research scientist at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Federica Bertocchini, has discovered that wax worms (Galleria mellonella), which usually feed on honey and wax from the honeycombs of bees, are capable of degrading plastic. The discovery has been patented by the research scientists. The CSIC scientist worked on this research with Paolo Bombelli and Chris Howe from the University of Cambridge. The paper will be published in the next issue of Current Biology.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

VIDEO:  The Djehuty Project, led by research professor, José Manuel Galán, from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), has discovered a 4,000-year-old funerary garden- the first such garden ever to be... view more The Djehuty Project, led by research professor, José Manuel Galán, from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), has discovered a 4,000-year-old funerary garden- the first such garden ever to be found- on the Dra Abu el-Naga hill in Luxor, Egypt. The discovery comes during the 16th year of archaeological excavations which are sponsored this year by Técnicas Reunidas and Indra. The discoveries made by this project shed light on a key epoch when, for the first time, Thebes (now Luxor) became the capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypt about 4,000 years ago. Dr. Jose Galán explains, "We knew of the possible existence of these gardens since they appear in illustrations both at the entrances to tombs as well as on tomb walls, where Egyptians would depict how they wanted their funerals to be. The garden itself consisted of a small rectangular area, raised half a meter off the ground and divided into 30 cm2 beds. In addition, next to the garden, two trees were planted. This is the first time that a physical garden has ever been found, and it is therefore the first time that archaeology can confirm what had been deduced from iconography. The discovery and thorough analysis of the garden will provide valuable information about both the botany and the environmental conditions of ancient Thebes, of Luxor 4,000 years ago". Galán continues, "The plants grown there would have had a symbolic meaning and may have played a role in funerary rituals. Therefore, the garden will also provide information about religious beliefs and practices as well as the culture and society at the time of the Twelfth Dynasty when Thebes became the capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypt for the first time. We know that palm, sycamore and Persea trees were associated with the deceased's power of resurrection. Similarly, plants such as the lettuce had connotations with fertility and therefore a return to life. Now we must wait to see what plants we can identify by analysing the seeds we have collected. It is a spectacular and quite unique find which opens up multiple avenues of research". "Digging in a necropolis not only allows us to discover details about the world of funerals, religious beliefs and funerary practices, it also helps us discover details about daily life, about society and about the physical environment, both plant and animal. The necropolis thus becomes, as the ancient Egyptians themselves believed, the best way to understand and embrace life", concludes the CSIC researcher. The garden, or funeral garden, was unearthed in an open courtyard at the entrance of a Middle Kingdom rock-cut tomb very probably from the Twelfth Dynasty, circa 2000 BCE. The garden, measuring 3m x 2m, is raised and is divided into a grid arrangement of 30 cm2 beds distributed in rows of five or seven beds. View of the funeral garden with a bowl of dates and seeds found in the orchard. / CSIC According to experts, these small beds may have contained different types of plants and flowers. In addition, at the centre of the raised garden there two beds which are set higher than the others where small trees or shrubs probably grew. In one corner, the researchers recovered a still upright tamarisk shrub complete with its roots and 30cm-long trunk, beside which was a bowl containing dates and other fruit which may have been given as an offering. In addition, attached to the facade of the tomb, which the garden is related to for the time being, a small mud-brick chapel (46cm high x 70cm wide x 55cm deep) with three stelae, or stone tombstones, in its interior was also uncovered. These are dated later than the tomb and the garden, coming from the Thirteenth Dynasty, around the year 1800 BCE. One of them belongs to Renef-seneb, and the other to "the soldier ("citizen") Khememi, the son of the lady of the house, Satidenu." On each, reference is made to Montu, a local god from ancient Thebes, and to the funerary gods Ptah, Sokar and Osiris. "These finds highlight the importance of the area around the Dra Abu el-Naga hill as a sacred centre for a wide range of worship activities during the Middle Kingdom. This helps us understand the high density of tombs in later times as well as the religious symbolism that this area of the necropolis holds", concludes the CSIC researcher.


News Article | May 23, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

Collaboration with 20 key industry partners announced at Huawei eco-Connect to drive innovation and capitalize on cloud transformation opportunities SINGAPORE, May 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Huawei Technologies announced collaboration and partnerships with 20 key industry peers at this year's Huawei eco-Connect conference, held in conjunction with CommunicAsia 2017. The series of partnerships, announced over the course of the three-day trade conference from 23 to 25 May at Sands Expo & Convention Center, Singapore, reinforced Huawei's continued stronghold of the cloud ecosystem in the Southern ASEAN and Oceania region. The partnerships also demonstrate Huawei's commitment to empower its cloud partners and build synergies that will: (1) support the growth of the cloud ecosystem; (2) enable more businesses of all sizes and industries to tap on the opportunities of cloud technologies; and (3) accelerate the region's digital economy transformation. Mr Lim Chee Siong, Chief Strategy and Marketing Officer of Huawei Southern Pacific Region, said, "The role information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure play as the catalyst for socioeconomic growth has never been more prominent and critical. In fact, the recently released Global Connectivity Index 2017 demonstrated that for every additional US$1 of infrastructure investment in information and communications technology (ICT), it will create a return of US$3 in the current GDP and a potential return of US$5 in GDP in 2025. This equates to an accumulative US$17.6 trillion in GDP that will boost global economic growth in 2025." Lim added, "ASEAN demonstrates great potential for an intelligent, connected future - one that harnesses the full spectrum of benefits that future technologies such as Internet of Things has to offer to governments, businesses and consumers. From Huawei's perspective, the region represents a collective of key growth markets that are strategic to our business and vision to build a connected future for all." Huawei currently offers its Cloud Platform to enable customers to build new business models and increase revenue streams in the digital age. Huawei also identifies growth opportunities, and hence the emphasis, on IoT-as-a-Service where telecommunications operators and industry partners will be equipped with a holistic approach to IoT services. Other areas for growth identified by Huawei include Video Cloud hosting services for entertainment, gaming, education and business. To drive innovation and glocalisation of technology services in Singapore, Huawei also recently invested and established a Customer Solution Innovation & Integration Experience Center (CSIC), OpenLab, and jointly introduced the i5Lab with NUS Enterprise. The collaboration aims to cater to the industry's needs for incubation of innovative ideas, training, research support, funding, testing and certification in the region. Huawei continues to develop industry alliances and partnerships with businesses, open source communities, as well as developer platforms to unleash greater potential for innovation, as well as promoting the growth and sustainability of the ecosystem. Existing partners such as SAP, i5Lab, Ascent, Itron, Fusionex, Redtone and more form the growing line of collaborators who share expertise, solutions and networks to realise the region's connected future ambition. To enable the development of an open, conducive platform where the innovation ecosystem players can engage, learn, share best practices, and grow business match-making opportunities, Huawei will be organizing a series of insights-driven platforms such as an IoT Ecosystem Forum, Asia Pacific Telco Content Forum, Singapore Channel Partner Summit, and Smart City Roundtable that gather all key stakeholders of the innovation ecosystem ranging from governments to regulators, operators, developers and content providers. Extending the experience to the CommunicAsia Expo, Huawei and its partners will showcase at its booth cloud applications in business and consumer-simulated environments, as well as the latest IoT innovation in sectors such as utilities, energy, transportation, public safety and infrastructure, as well as waste and drainage management. Huawei is a leading global information and communications technology (ICT) solutions provider. Our aim is to enrich life and improve efficiency through a better connected world, acting as a responsible corporate citizen, innovative enabler for the information society, and collaborative contributor to the industry. Driven by customer-centric innovation and open partnerships, Huawei has established an end-to-end ICT solutions portfolio that gives customers competitive advantages in telecom and enterprise networks, devices and cloud computing. Huawei's 170,000 employees worldwide are committed to creating maximum value for telecom operators, enterprises and consumers. Our innovative ICT solutions, products and services are used in more than 170 countries and regions, serving over one-third of the world's population. Founded in 1987, Huawei is a private company fully owned by its employees. For more information, please visit Huawei online at www.huawei.com or follow us on: http://www.twitter.com/HuaweiAPAC  http://www.facebook.com/HuaweiAPAC  http://www.youtube.com/HuaweiAPAC


News Article | May 10, 2017
Site: www.pressat.co.uk

The Royal Thai Navy (RTN) on Monday signed a contract with a Chinese company to procure a S26T diesel-electric submarine, a move experts believe will promote China's export of conventional submarines. The contract was signed in Beijing by RTN chief of staff, Vice Admiral Luechai Ruddit and Xu Ziqiu, chairman of the stated-owned China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC). According to CSIC's official website, this is the company's second submarine export contract, after an eight-ship deal with Pakistan's navy in 2015. 'The submarines from China are the cheapest, with quality that is relatively acceptable. [China] also offers services after purchase, something extra that we have received,' Thailand's Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha was quoted as saying by Nationmultimedia.com in March. The S26T will be the RTN's first submarine since the end of World War II. Due to domestic politics and a budget shortage, the country delayed its plan to buy a submarine until China offered an unbeatable deal. According to Nationmultimedia.com, the ship will be nearly 78 meters long and 9 meters wide. It will be equipped with the latest technology, including a AIP (Air Independent Propulsion) system, which will allow the ship to stay underwater for up to 21 days without resurfacing. Normal nuclear-based submarines can dive for around seven to 10 days at a time.


The common dentex (Dentex dentex) is a voracious and aggressive predator that eats fish, crabs and cephalopods. It plays an essential role in the activity of marine benthic ecosystems and it is a target species with great economic value in trade and sports fisheries. According to Professor Bernat Hereu from the Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences of the UB and IRBio, "Knowing the movement patterns of the dentex is essential to better understand their biology and ecology as well as to determine the role of marine reserves in the recovery of populations and exportation of models (biomass) that can be captured by fisheries out of the reserves." "Acoustic telemetry, together with new analytical and computational methods in the framework of movement ecology, are revolutionizing marine biology and will allow us to understand the effects of climate change and fishery pressure on key species, as well as the search for solutions for their preservation," added Frederic Bartumeus, ICREA researcher from CEAB-CSIC and CREAF, and expert in animal dispersal and movement patterns. The experts studied dentex populations in the Medes Islands with acoustic telemetry techniques based on tagging with acoustic transmitters that send periodic signals. These signals are received by a network of receivers in the study region and track the fish movement. After more than 15 months of research, the researchers registered the position and depth of all individuals tagged in the study in two-minute intervals. According to Eneko Aspillaga (UB-IRBio and CEAB-CSIC), first author of the article, "The study shows a clear pattern of dentex movement depending on the temperature of the water. In winter, temperatures around 12º C do not alter the whole water column, and dentex move in a depth range between 10 and 40 meters, without any defined pattern." "The thermal pattern of water mass in the Medes Islands is the typical northwestern Mediterranean one. After April, the surface gets warmer, and between May and June, two different water masses appear—shallow ones, which are warm and less dense, and deep, cold ones separated by a frontier called the thermocline. When the thermocline is formed in summer, dentex are found only over this limit, regardless of its depth." Why do dentex move to warmer waters? The new study, published in Scientific Reports, finds that dentex is a thermophile species, with dispersal patterns and activity conditioned to summer due the depth and period the thermocline lasts in the water column. Since the dentex is poikilothermal, with an internal temperature fully dependent on the climate, it would move through the water column until finding warmer and better conditions for its physiology, especially in summer, when they are more active. The population growth of dentex, observed in preserved areas and fishery areas in the Medes Islands, could occur due the rise in the sea temperatures (more than 0.5ºC over the last 30 years in the area). The thermocline temperature and distribution, which lasts until late October, could also have an important impact on the spread of other fish, both predators and others of lower trophic levels, according to data by Josep Pascual, from the Weather Station in Estartit. Climate change, a threat to biodiversity in the Medes Islands The archipelago of the Medes Islands has exceptional ecological value as a natural ecosystem, with a great diversity of habitats and related species. The special orography of the Montgrí mountains, the rivers and the positive effect of marine ecosystem preservation have benefited the richness and biodiversity of the islands, part of the Natural Park of Montgrí, Medes Islands and Baix Ter. Despite being one of the areas less affected by climate change in the Mediterranean, this reserve is also sensitive to global warming due its richness in species and habitats. Gorgonians, coral reefs, sponges or shellfish, filtering organisms that live fixed in marine depths, are highly vulnerable to climate change, especially if they are above the thermocline. Fish and other mobile species are also sensitive to temperature changes during some stages in their life cycles (reproduction, nutrition, etc.). Some thermopile species could widen their distribution range and force other marine organisms to move. Moreover, species that are more prone to move around colder waters could disappear. The authors warn that in this global climate change scenario, the introduction of tropical species is particularly worrying, since they can deeply influence the balance in marine ecosystems. Explore further: Ghost fishing net removed in the Medes Islands marine reserve in Catalonia More information: Eneko Aspillaga et al. Thermal stratification drives movement of a coastal apex predator, Scientific Reports (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-00576-z


After a nearly 2-year legal battle, a Spanish court has cleared a leading Spanish mathematician of allegations that he mismanaged funds, and has ordered him returned to his position as head of a prestigious national mathematics institute. In 2015, mathematician Manuel de León was removed as director of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences (ICMAT) in Madrid, a research center that is jointly run by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and three Madrid universities, amid allegations that the center had sidestepped spending rules. De León, who helped found ICMAT and had led the center since 2008, said the allegations were fueled by internal bureaucratic disputes and jealous colleagues. He challenged his dismissal in court. A ruling issued by the Upper Court of Justice of Madrid on 27 April backs De Léon and tells a dark tale of intrigue. It presents evidence that “there had been a campaign of discredit” against de León, prompted by his complaints against another administrator, and that the decision to dismiss him was motivated in part by professional envy. The court ordered ICMAT’s overseers to restore de León to his post; he had been elected to a new term as director in July 2015, just before his dismissal. CSIC has until the end of May to decide whether to appeal the decision. In the meantime, current ICMAT director Antonio Córdoba says that “we are pleased that … no irregularities or serious mistakes were found in the management of funds.” De León says he is satisfied with the ruling. It confirms that “a plot was organized by people who were interested in me not continuing as the director,” says de León, who has continued to work at ICMAT as a CSIC professor since his dismissal. It’s not clear how long de León would be able to serve as head of ICMAT even if he is ultimately returned to the position. CSIC officials have suggested he would have only days left in his term if restored. De León believes he would be entitled to serve a 4-year term. De León says his plan when he was elected in 2015 was “to consolidate the institute” and then quietly retire. Now, he says, he wants to see that plan through.


News Article | May 9, 2017
Site: news.yahoo.com

About 4,000 years ago in ancient Egypt, landscapers constructed a rectangular funerary garden bed likely filled with lettuce, shrubs and trees, according to archaeologists from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). The botanical finding, discovered on the Dra Abu el-Naga hill in Luxor, is helping archaeologists learn more about life in what was once ancient Thebes. During the time of the garden's construction, Thebes was the capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypt, the researchers said. Though archaeologists knew such gardens existed because of illustrations on tombs, this is the first actual funerary garden ever found in Egypt, the researchers said. [See Photos of the Funerary Garden at Thebes] "We knew of the possible existence of these gardens since they appear in illustrations both at the entrances to tombs, as well as on tomb walls, where Egyptians would depict how they wanted their funerals to be," José Manuel Galán, the CSIC archaeologist who led excavation, known as the Djehuty Project, said in a statement. Galán described the garden as a rectangle raised about 1.6 feet (0.5 meters) off the ground and divided into beds, each about 0.03 square feet (30 square centimeters) in area. Two trees were planted next to the garden in ancient times, Galán added. "This is the first time that a physical garden has ever been found, and it is therefore the first time that archaeology can confirm what had been deduced from iconography," Galán said. An analysis of the garden will reveal what plants and environmental conditions were present in ancient Thebes, he noted. The plants grown in the funerary garden likely had symbolic and ritualistic significance, the archaeologists said. "Therefore, the garden will also provide information about religious beliefs and practices, as well as the culture and society at the time of the 12th Dynasty when Thebes became the capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypt for the first time," Galán said. (The 12th Dynasty lasted from 1939 B.C. to 1760 B.C.) For instance, archaeologists know that palm, sycamore and Persea trees were associated with the power of resurrection, he said. What's more plants, including lettuce, were related to fertility, and thus a return to life, Galán said. [4,000-year-Old Funerary Garden Unearthed in Egypt | Video] "We must wait to see what plants we can identify by analyzing the seeds we have collected," he said. "It is a spectacular and quite unique find, which opens up multiple avenues of research" — including investigations on ancient religious beliefs, funerary practices and botany, he said. Archaeologists found the 10- by 6.5-foot (3 by 2 meters) garden in an open courtyard at the entrance of a rock-cut tomb from the Middle Kingdom, likely dating to 2000 B.C. The garden's different beds likely held different types of plants and flowers, the researchers said. The center of the garden had two beds that were set higher than the surrounding ones, which likely held small trees or shrubs, the archaeologists noted. Surprisingly, one corner of the garden still held the remains of a tamarisk shrub, complete with roots and a 12-inch-long (30 cm) trunk. Next to the shrub, the archaeologists found a bowl holding dates and other fruit, perhaps placed there as an offering.


News Article | May 11, 2017
Site: phys.org

Aquaculture has become the fastest-growing animal food sector in the world. Today, fish, crustaceans and shellfish comprise around 50 percent of all fish that is consumed by humans globally. In order to keep aquaculture systems at an optimal level and to avoid disease and physiological stresses in fish, water quality and adequate nutrition must be monitored and controlled. In order to tackle this problem, researchers from Bio-inspired Systems Lab at CAR UPM-CSIC, in collaboration with researchers from the Chemical Department of University of Florence (Italy), are developing an autonomous underwater vehicle with biosensors to provide real-time and on-site monitoring of water quality in fish farms. In order to minimize possible stress in fish, the robot is bio-mimetic, designed to resemble a fish. In addition to providing water data, the robotic fish is also able to modify the way it swims according to the water conditions. Because water acidity directly affects other indicators both water quality and fish health, researchers have developed a special electrochemical pH sensor based on polyaniline film electrochemically deposited on the graphite screen-printed electrode surface. Thanks to this, the robotic fish is able to change its swimming patterns according to the conditions detected by this sensor. The overall length of the fish is 30 cm, not including the tail. The prototype adopts shape memory alloys actuators that bend a continuous flexible structure (the backbone of the robot fish), made of polycarbonate of 1 mm thickness. An additional structure of ribs was employed to support the latex-based skin. According to Claudio Rossi, a developer of this bio-inspired fish, "This system provides early information on environmental change, so we can control the parameters of water quality and improve management decisions of fish farms, and consequently, the wellness of the fish."

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