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Sloane M.A.,Lowy Cancer Research Center and Prince of Wales Clinical School | Wong J.W.H.,Lowy Cancer Research Center and Prince of Wales Clinical School | Perera D.,Lowy Cancer Research Center and Prince of Wales Clinical School | Nunez A.C.,Lowy Cancer Research Center and Prince of Wales Clinical School | And 7 more authors.
Epigenetics | Year: 2014

In mouse models, loss of the candidate tumor suppressor gene Ubiquitin Specific protease 44 (USP44) is associated with aneuploidy and cancer. USP44 is also transcriptionally silenced in human cancers. here we investigated the molecular mechanism of USP44 silencing and whether this correlated with aneuploidy in colorectal adenomas. DNA methylation at the USP44 cpG island (CGI) promoter was measured using combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines (n = 18), and with COBRA and bisulfite sequencing in colorectal adenomas (n = 89) and matched normal colonic mucosa (n = 51). the USP44 CGI was hypermethylated in all CRC cell lines, in most colorectal adenomas (79 of 89, 89%) but rarely in normal mucosa samples (3 of 51, 6%). USP44 expression was also compared between normal mucosa and paired hypermethylated adenomas in six patients using qRT-pCR. hypermethylation of the USP44 CGI in adenomas was associated with a 1.8 to 5.5-fold reduction in expression compared with paired normal mucosa. treatment of CRC cell lines with the DNA hypomethylating agent decitabine resulted in a 14 to 270-fold increase in USP44 expression. Whole genome SNP array data showed that gain or loss of individual chromosomes occurred in adenomas, but hypermethylation did not correlate with more aneuploidy. in summary, our data shows that USP44 is epigenetically inactivated in colorectal adenomas, but this alone is not sufficient to cause aneuploidy in colorectal neoplasia. © 2014 Landes Bioscience. Source

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