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Louisville, KY, United States

Gyimesi Z.S.,Louisville Zoological Garden | Burns R.B.,Louisville Zoological Garden | Campbell M.,Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden | Knightly F.,Denver Zoological Gardens | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2011

Fatal abomasal impaction, often combined with omasal impaction, was diagnosed in 11 bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) from five different zoologic collections in the United States between 1981 and 2009. Nine of 11 cases occurred in young females (10 mo-7 yr old) and typical clinical signs prior to diagnosis or death included partial or complete anorexia, dehydration, and scant fecal production. Although the clinical histories in several of the earlier cases are incomplete, clinical signs were known to begin shortly after an anesthetic event in five of 11 bongo (45%). Pedigree analysis indicates that affected bongo were descendants of multiple founders and not from a single family line, suggesting that the development of abomasal impaction is not a strictly inheritable trait. Treatment, when attempted, was variable and included abomasotomy and removal of impacted ingesta, drug therapy (prokinetic drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, antimicrobials), fluid therapy, and administration of oral lubricants or intralesional stool softeners. Based on the outcomes in the cases presented here, the prognosis for bongo with abomasal impaction is considered poor to grave. Copyright 2011 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source

Gyimesi Z.S.,Louisville Zoological Garden | Forrester J.W.,DuPont Company | Doering D.L.,Norton Cancer Institute | Burns R.B.,Louisville Zoological Garden | McManamon R.,University of Georgia
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2015

A large abdominal mass was identified during an elective preventative health examination in a 25-yr-old female hybrid orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). Sonographically, the mass was fluid-filled and a presumptive diagnosis of a dermoid cyst or cystic teratoma of an ovary was made. Exploratory laparotomy, after assembly of a surgical team, confirmed that the 2.5-kg cystic mass was associated with the left ovary. Following ovariectomy, perioperative dissection of the mass revealed hair components, confirming the working diagnosis. Because the right ovary was slightly nodular and firmer than expected, and these germ cell tumors sometimes occur bilaterally, excision of the contralateral ovary was elected. Histopathology confirmed the left ovarian mass was a dermoid cyst; the right ovary contained a corpus hemorrhagicum but no evidence of neoplasia. Recovery was uneventful and the orangutan was prescribed hormone replacement therapy to mitigate potential problems associated with a chronic lack of estrogen and progesterone. This case report demonstrates the importance of elective examinations under anesthesia, even in well-trained great apes. Copyright 2015 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source

Gyimesi Z.S.,Louisville Zoological Garden | Burns R.B.,Louisville Zoological Garden | Burns R.B.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Erol E.,University of Kentucky | Bolin S.R.,Michigan State University
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2015

A 9-yr-old castrated male dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) presented with lethargy and partial anorexia. A diagnostic examination revealed fever, and further workup revealed a neutrophilia, hyperfibrinogenemia, renal azotemia, and a rapid onset of a high Leptospira antibody titer during the acute clinical period (Grippotyphosa serovar). The camel responded clinically to antimicrobial treatment with ceftiofur crystalline free acid injections, but renal azotemia persisted, presumably secondary to chronic renal damage. Subsequent Leptospira polymerase chain reaction testing on urine samples obtained over the following 4 mo revealed no evidence of urinary shedding, so a persistent infection was unlikely. Although often mentioned as a potential cause of reproductive loss, well-documented case reports of clinical leptospirosis in camelids are very rare. In this case, native wildlife contamination of a small watering hole is suspected to have been the source of infection. In response to this experience, the camel and two conspecifics were prescribed a vaccination regimen using an inactivated pentavalent Leptospira vaccine licensed for cattle. © 2015 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source

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