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Le Strat Y.,Louis Mourier Hospital | Le Strat Y.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Le Strat Y.,University Paris Diderot
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2012

Background: Levetiracetam exhibited 2 promising results in preclinical studies as well as in treating alcohol withdrawal in humans. Two open-label trials suggested that levetiracetam may be efficient in alcohol-related disorder. Methods: The study by Fertig and colleagues (2012) examines the effects of levetiracetam using a double-blind, placebo-controlled design including 130 participants. Fertig and colleagues' study included alcohol-dependent participants drinking heavily. Double-blind medication was dispensed for 16 weeks, with a target dose of 2,000 mg per day from week 5 to week 14, and then tapered. Results: The results are negative both on the primary and on the secondary outcomes, except from lower alcohol-related consequences in the levetiracetam extended-release (XR) group, and a trend for a lower quality of life in the levetiracetam XR group. These last 2 results would have been nonsignificant after controlling for multiple testing. Conclusions: By conducting a state-of-the-art randomized-controlled clinical trial with negative results, Fertig and colleagues have filled an important gap in the existing literature. © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

Glehen O.,Lyon University Hospital Center | Gilly F.N.,Lyon University Hospital Center | Boutitie F.,Biostatistics Service | Bereder J.M.,Nice University Hospital Center | And 6 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from nonovarian malignancies long has been regarded as a terminal disease. Over the past decade, new locoregional therapeutic approaches combining cytoreductive surgery with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) have evolved that have demonstrated improved survival. Methods: A retrospective, multicenter cohort study was performed in French-speaking institutions to evaluate toxicity and principal prognostic factors after cytoreductive surgery and PIC (hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy [HIPEC] and/or early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy [EPIC]) for PC from nongynecologic malignancies. Results: The study included 1290 patients from 25 institutions who underwent 1344 procedures between February 1989 and December 2007. HIPEC was performed in 1154 procedures. The principal origins of PC were colorectal adenocarcinoma (N = 523), pseudomyxoma peritonei (N = 301), gastric adenocarcinoma (N = 159), peritoneal mesothelioma (N = 88), and appendiceal adenocarcinoma (N = 50). The overall morbidity and mortality rates were 33.6% and 4.1%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, patient age, the extent of PC, and institutional experience had a significant influence on toxicity. The overall median survival was 34 months; and the median survival was 30 months for patients with colorectal PC, not reached for patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei, 9 months for patients with gastric PC, 41 months for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma, and 77 months for patients with PC from appendiceal adenocarcinoma. Independent prognostic indicators in multivariate analysis were institution, origin of PC, completeness of cytoreductive surgery, extent of carcinomatosis, and lymph node involvement. Conclusions: A therapeutic approach that combined cytoreductive surgery with PIC was able to achieve long-term survival in a selected group of patients who had PC of nonovarian origin and had acceptable morbidity and mortality. The current results indicated that this treatment should be centralized to institutions with expertise in the management of PC. Copyright © 2010 American Cancer Society.

Beheshti M.,Center LINZ | Mottaghy F.M.,RWTH Aachen | Mottaghy F.M.,Maastricht University | Payche F.,Louis Mourier Hospital | And 9 more authors.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging | Year: 2015

The aim of this guideline is to provide minimum standards for the performance and interpretation of 18F-NaF PET/CT scans. Standard acquisition and interpretation of nuclear imaging modalities will help to provide consistent data acquisition and numeric values between different platforms and institutes and to promote the use of PET/CT modality as an established diagnostic modality in routine clinical practice. This will also improve the value of scientific work and its contribution to evidence-based medicine. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Clavel C.,Pitie Salpetriere Hospital | Peytavin G.,Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital | Tubiana R.,Pitie Salpetriere Hospital | Soulie C.,Pitie Salpetriere Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2011

We studied the penetration of raltegravir and HIV shedding in the genital tract among 14 HIV-1-infected women receiving a raltegravir-containing regimen who had <40 copies/ml blood plasma (BP) HIV RNA. None of the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) samples showed detectable HIV RNA. Median raltegravir concentrations were 235 ng/ml in BP and 93 ng/ml in CVF, with a CVF/BP ratio of approximately 2.3. This good penetration of raltegravir may contribute to the control of viral replication in the female genital tract. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Levine E.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Freneaux P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Schleiermacher G.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Brisse H.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Infantile myofibromatosis is characterized by proliferation of benign fibrous tumors arising in skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Solitary and multicentric forms are described. Few reports are available in the pediatric population. Procedure: To improve the knowledge of this rare tumor in infants, the authors present a series of all cases of infantile myofibromatosis treated in their institution over a 9-year period in order to propose treatment guidelines based on their experience and a review of the literature. Results: The authors report a series of 9 cases, 8 solitary forms and 1 multicentric form with visceral involvement treated from 2000 to 2009. Median age was 10 months (range: 2 days-14 years). Six patients with solitary forms underwent primary surgical resection leading to remission. Only biopsy was performed in 1 case, followed by tumor regression with no recurrence. The last patient with a solitary form was treated by chemotherapy and then surgery allowing remission. The patient with a multicentric form presented complete regression of tumors after 1 year of vinblastine and methotrexate combination chemotherapy. Conclusions: Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare soft tissue tumor mainly concerning infants. Surgery is the treatment of choice for solitary forms when excision is possible. Close follow-up may be proposed in the case of inoperable sites. In multicentric life-threatening forms, chemotherapy promotes tumor regression and the vinblastine and methotrexate combination is effective with few long-term adverse effects. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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