Loudi, China
Loudi, China

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Liu Z.,Central South University | Yang Z.,Central South University | Jiang S.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Central South University | And 5 more authors.
Histopathology | Year: 2014

Aims: Squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASC) are rare subtypes of gallbladder cancers (GBCs). Clinical characteristics of SC/ASC have not been well documented, and no biological markers of GBC carcinogenesis, progression and prognosis are available. Methods and results: We measured paxillin and CAIX expression in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 adenocarcinomas (ACs) with immunohistochemistry and correlated these data with clinicopathological characteristics. Both paxillin expression and CAIX expression were associated significantly with larger tumours, a higher tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, lymph node metastasis and invasiveness of SC/ASC and AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed that paxillin and CAIX expression were associated closely with decreased overall survival in SC/ASC (both P < 0.001) and AC (both P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed that paxillin expression and CAIX expression both independently predicted poor prognosis in SC/ASC and AC patients. We also noted correlations with survival and tumour differentiation, tumour size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, tumour invasiveness and sample procurement methods. Conclusions: Paxillin expression and CAIX expression are both related to clinical/biological behaviour and poor prognosis of GBC. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Yang Z.-L.,Central South University | Miao X.,Central South University | Xiong L.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Third Xiangya Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2013

Cofilin-1 (CFL1) and Arp3 expression in 46 squamous cell and adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASCs) and 80 adenocarcinomas (ACs) were measured by using immunohistochemistry. Positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression were significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and decreased overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients (p < .001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression are independent poor-prognostic factors for both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression are closely related to tumor progression, metastasis, and poor prognosis of gallbladder cancer. © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


PubMed | Changde Central Hospital, Hunan Provincial Peoples Hospital, Central South University, Loudi Central Hospital and Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2017

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare but highly aggressive cancer for which no well-accepted prognostic biomarkers have been identified. Thymus cell antigen 1 (Thy1), also known as cluster of differentiation (CD)90, and integrin 6 (ITGA6), also known as CD49f, are important molecules in cancer and putative markers of various stem cell types. However, their role in GBC remains to be elucidated. In the present study, Thy1 and ITGA6 expression status in clinical GBC samples, which comprised squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) subtypes, was investigated. The associations between Thy1 and ITGA6 expression and clinical parameters and survival rate were analyzed separately. The THY1 and ITGA6 messenger RNA levels were significantly higher in both SC/ASC and AC tissues than in adjacent non-tumor tissues (all P<0.001). These results were subsequently confirmed by immunohistochemical analyses. Overexpression of Thy1 and ITGA6 was correlated with poor differentiation, large tumor size, lymph node metastasis and great invasiveness in SC/ASC (Thy1, P=0.045, P=0.005, P=0.003 and P=0.009, respectively, and ITGA6, P=0.029, P=0.011, P=0.009 and P=0.004, respectively) and AC (Thy1, P=0.027, P<0.001, P=0.003 and P 0.004, respectively, and ITGA6, P=0.002, P=0.003, P=0.006 and P=0.006, respectively). Both Thy1 and ITGA6 were expressed at higher levels in AC with advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage (TNM) than in AC with low TNM stage (P=0.001 and P=0.018, respectively). In addition, patients with elevated Thy1 or ITGA6 expression had shorter overall survival than those with negative Thy1 or ITGA6 expression. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that Thy1 (SC/ASC, P=0.001 and AC, P=0.005) and ITGA6 (both P=0.003) were independent predictors of poor prognosis in both SC/ASC and AC patients. In conclusion, Thy1 and ITGA6 could be clinical prognostic markers for GBC.


Li J.,Central South University | Yang Z.-L.,Central South University | Ren X.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Central South University | And 4 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013

Although the incidence of gallbladder cancers is low, they are highly aggressive tumors. Squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) is a rare subtype of gallbladder cancer. The clinical characteristics of SC/ASC have not been well documented, and no prognosis marker has been identified. In this study, we examined integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and peroxiredoxin-1 (PRDX1) expression in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 adenocarcinomas (ACs) by using immunohistochemistry and analyzed their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics. We demonstrated that positive ILK and PRDX1 expressions were significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and invasion of SC/ASC and AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive ILK and PRDX1 expressions were closely associated with decreased overall survival in both SC/ASC (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively) and AC (p < 0.001) patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive ILK and PRDX1 expressions were an independent poor prognostic predictor in both SC/ASC and AC patients. We also revealed a similar significance of differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, invasion, and surgical curability with survival in SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive ILK and PRDX1 expressions are closely related to the progression and poor prognosis of gallbladder cancer. © 2012 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Yang Z.-L.,Central South University | Yang L.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Third Xiangya Hospital | Yuan Y.,Third Xiangya Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Disease Markers | Year: 2013

Background. Gallbladder cancers (GBCs) are highly aggressive cancers with high mortality. However, biological markers for the progression and prognosis of GBC are currently unavailable in the clinic. Objective. To identify biomarkers for predicting GBC metastasis and prognosis. Methods. We examined ALDH1A3 and GPX3 expressions in 46 squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASC) and 80 adenocarcinomas (AC) by using immunohistochemistry. Results. Positive ALDH1A3 and negative GPX3 expressions were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and invasion of SC/ASCs and ACs. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that either positive ALDH1A3 (P < 0.001) or negative GPX3 (P < 0.001) expression significantly correlated with decreased overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive ALDH1A3 expression or negative GPX3 expression was an independent poor-prognostic predictor in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Conclusions. Our study suggested that positive ALDH1A3 and negative GPX3 expressions are closely associated with clinical pathological behaviors and poor prognosis of gallbladder cancer. © 2013 Zhu-lin Yang et al.


Miao X.,Central South University | Yang Dr. Z.-L.,Central South University | Xiong L.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Central South University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2013

The clinicopathological and biological characteristics of squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ ASC) of gallbladder have not been well documented because it is a rare subtype of gallbladder cancer. In this study, the protein expression of Nectin-2 and DDX3 in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 adenocarcinomas was measured using immunohistochemistry. We demonstrated that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression was significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of SC/ASC and AC. Positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression was significantly associated with invasion and surgical curability of AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression, degree of differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and surgical curability were significantly associated with post-operative survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression, degree of differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and no surgical curability are independent poor-prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive Nectin-2 and DDx3 expression is closely correlated with clinical, pathological, and biological behaviors as well as poor-prognosis of gallbladder cancer.


Li J.,Central South University | Yang Z.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Central South University | Yuan Y.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2014

Purpose: To identify biological markers related to the progression and prognosis of GBC. Methods: The expressions of pyruvate kinase isoenzyme type M2 (PKM2) and activin A receptor type IC (ACVR 1C) in 46 squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASC) and 80 adenocarcinomas (AC) were examined using immunohistochemistry. Results: Positive PKM2 and negative ACVR 1C expressions were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis, invasion and TNM stage of SC/ASCs and ACs. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that either elevated PKM2 or loss of ACVR 1C expression significantly correlated with shorter average survival times in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive PKM2 expression and loss of ACVR 1C expression were poor prognosis biomarkers in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Conclusions: Our study suggested that PKM2 overexpression is a marker of metastasis, invasion and poor prognosis of GBC. ACVR 1C is a tumor suppressor, and lowered ACVR 1C expression is an important marker for the metastasis, invasion, and prognosis of GBC. © 2013 Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO).


Yi S.,Central South University | Yang Z.-L.,Central South University | Miao X.,Central South University | Zou Q.,Central South University | And 4 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2014

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare, but highly aggressive cancer. The most common type of gallbladder cancer is adenocarcinoma (AC), while squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) is a rare type of gallbladder cancer. The clinicopathologic and biological characteristics of SC/ASC have not been well documented. In this study, the protein expression of N-cadherin and P-cadherin in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 ACs was measured using immunohistochemistry. We demonstrated that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression were significantly associated with large tumor size, invasion, and lymph node metastasis of both SC/ASC and AC. In contrast, positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression were significantly associated with differentiation and TNM stage in only AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression, differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and surgical curability were significantly associated with overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression are independent poor-prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression closely correlated with clinicopathological and biological behaviors, and poor-prognosis of gallbladder cancer. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.


PubMed | Hunan Provincial Peoples Hospital, Central South University, Loudi Central Hospital and Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital
Type: | Journal: Tumori | Year: 2016

Gallbladder cancers (GBCs) are highly aggressive gastrointestinal cancers with high mortality. Biological markers for the diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted therapy of GBCs have not been established.The protein expression of Jagged1 and DLL4 in 80 adenocarcinomas (AC) and 46 squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASCs) was measured using immunohistochemistry.Positive Jagged1 and DLL4 expression in both SC/ASC and AC was significantly associated with poor differentiation, large tumor size, invasion, metastasis, and low surgical curability. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive Jagged1 and DLL4 expression was significantly associated with mean survival of SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive Jagged1 and DLL4 expression, as well as poor differentiation, large tumor size, high TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and low surgical curability are independent poor prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients.Positive Jagged1 and DLL4 expression is closely correlated with severe clinicopathological characteristics and poor prognosis in patients with SC/ASC and patients with AC.


Peng F.,Central South University | Peng F.,Loudi Central Hospital | Zhang H.,Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital | Du Y.,Loudi Central Hospital | Tan P.,Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is one of the most common head and neck cancers. Cisplatin is effective as a single agent or in combination with other drugs for the treatment of TSCC. Treatment with cisplatin-based chemotherapy has been found to improve the prognosis of patients with TSCC. However, one of the most important clinical issues of cisplatin-based TSCC chemotherapy is the intrinsic/acquired chemoresistance to cisplatin. Increased expression of miR-23a reportedly promotes cisplatin chemoresistance in TSCC cells. High expression of Twist is also associated with cancer chemoresistance and poor prognosis of TSCC patients. In the present study, we explored the interaction between miR-23a and Twist in TSCC cells, and assessed its impact on TSCC chemoresistance to cisplatin. miR-23a and/or Twist were overexpressed or knocked down in SCC-4 and Tca8113 human TSCC cells. The expression levels of miR-23a and Twist were determined. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplatin and cell apoptosis rate under cisplatin treatment were used as measures of cisplatin chemoresistance. Overexpression of miR-23a in both SCC-4 and Tca8113 cells markedly increased Twist expression, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity and the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplain, and decreased cisplatin-induced apoptosis, all of which was abolished by knockdown of Twist or selective JNK inhibitor SP600125. On the other hand, knockdown of miR-23a significantly decreased Twist expression, JNK activity and IC50 of cisplain, and increased cisplatin-induced apoptosis, all of which was completely reversed by overexpression of Twist. In conclusion, the present study for the first time demonstrates that miR-23a promotes cisplatin chemoresistance and protects cisplatin-induced apoptosis in TSCC cells through inducing Twist expression by a JNK-dependent mechanism. It adds new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying TSCC chemoresistance.

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