Longwood University is a four-year public, liberal arts university located in Farmville, Virginia, United States. It was founded in 1839 and became a university on July 1, 2002. It currently has an undergraduate enrollment of about 4,080 and a total enrollment of 4,800. Wikipedia.
Van Lavieren H.,Longwood University |
Klaus R.,Senckenberg Institute
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2013
Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) targets aim to encourage the establishment of an effective global network of MPAs covering 10% of coastal and marine ecoregions by 2020. This paper presents findings from the first ever regional assessment of MPA management effectiveness in the ROPME (Regional Organisation for the Protection of the Marine Environment) Sea Area (RSA). The RSA, extends from the Gulf to the Arabian Sea coast of Oman, and is bordered by 8 member states, including some of the world's richest and fastest growing global economies. There are 173 MPAs covering 7.8% of the RSA (36,182.03 km2). Progress towards CBD MPA targets is lower as: (i) stated area coverages often include a terrestrial component; (ii) only 37% are legally 'Designated' (5.4% RSA), while 73% remain 'Proposed' (2.4% RSA) and; (iii) assessment of management effectiveness revealed variable levels of performance (11% to 58%, with an average of 34%). Underlying causes for low performance are discussed and recommendations are offered to help RSA member states meet CBD MPA targets by 2020. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Requier-Desjardins M.,CIHEAM IAMM |
Adhikari B.,Longwood University |
Sperlich S.,University of Geneva
Land Degradation and Development | Year: 2011
Economic factors are an important direct and indirect driver of desertification and land degradation, associated with market failures and the lack of appropriate economic policies to address these failures. Hence, economic and political instruments and mechanisms are required to modify the market in such a way that it encourages land owners to invest in sustainable land management (SLM) options and thereby help to combat land degradation. This article synthesizes the economic aspects of land degradation, first in a rather general way. It then discusses existing valuation methods used to assign economic values to land degradation including the resulting problems which in turn hamper cost-benefit analyses. Finally, based on these points a brief review is given of potential financial mechanisms to combat land degradation and promote SLM. The paper argues that valuation of the economic costs of land degradation and desertification would increase awareness of the extent of the land degradation phenomenon and its impacts on rural development and agriculture. This could also be a useful tool for decision-making on sectoral orientations for development assistance targeted at desertification, land degradation and drought. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Quillrou E.,Longwood University |
Guyader O.,UMR M 101 AMURE
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2012
The study of fishery dynamics considers national-level fleet evolution. It has, however, failed to consider the flows behind fleet evolution as well as the impact of the dynamics of owners of invested capital on fleet evolution. This paper establishes a general conceptual framework which identifies different vessel and owner flows behind fleet evolution and some relationships between these flows. This descriptive conceptual framework aims to change the current focus on drivers of fleet evolution to drivers of the flows behind fleet evolution. We identify a direct impact of vessel flows on the fleet size and nature, and an indirect impact of the movements of capital owners on the fleet evolution (size and nature). This conceptual framework is illustrated using French Atlantic fleet data over a 15-year period (19942008). It is shown that the identified flows vary in size and nature and therefore impact differently on the fleet evolution. This description also shows some dependence of vessel flows on owner dynamics. This relationship should be better taken into account for more effective capacity management. © 2012 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
Kinsley C.H.,University of Richmond |
Franssen R.A.,Longwood University |
Meyer E.A.,University of Richmond
Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences | Year: 2012
Although aging is inexorable, aging well is not. From the perspective of research in rats and complementary models, reproductive experience has significant effects; indeed, benefits, which include better-than-average cognitive skills, a slowing of the slope of decline, and a healthier brain and/or nervous system well later into life. Work from our lab and others has suggested that the events of pregnancy and parturition, collectively referred to as reproductive experience—an amalgam of hormone exposure, sensory stimulation, and offspring behavioral experience and interaction—may summate to flatten the degree of decline normally associated with aging. Mimicking the effects of an enriched environment, reproductive experience has been shown to: enhance/protect cognition and decrease anxiety well out to two-plus years; result in fewer hippocampal deposits of the Alzheimer’s disease herald, amyloid precursor protein (APP); and, in general, lead to a healthier biology. Based on a suite of recent work in organisms as diverse as nematodes, flies, and mammals, the ubiquitous hormone insulin and its large family of related substances and receptors may play a major role in mediating some of the effects of RE on the parameters of aging studied thus far. We will discuss the current set of data that suggest mechanisms for successful biological and neurobiological aging, and the implications for understanding aging and senescence in their broadest terms. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.
Mulligan K.,McMaster University |
Elliott S.J.,University of Waterloo |
Schuster-Wallace C.,Longwood University
Health and Place | Year: 2012
This case study investigates the connections among urban planning, governance and dengue fever in an emerging market context in the Global South. Key informant interviews were conducted with leading figures in public health, urban planning and governance in the planned city of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Drawing on theories of urban political ecology and ecosocial epidemiology, the qualitative study found the . health of place - expressed as dengue-bearing mosquitoes and dengue fever in human bodies in the urban environment - was influenced by the . place of health in a hierarchy of urban priorities. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.