Brooklyn, NY, United States
Brooklyn, NY, United States

Long Island University is a private, coeducational, nonsectarian institution of higher education with locations and programs spanning the New York metropolitan area, overseas, and online. The university offers more than 500 academic programs at two main campuses, LIU Post and LIU Brooklyn, as well as non-residential programs at LIU Brentwood, LIU Riverhead, and LIU Hudson at Rockland and Westchester. LIU has NCAA Division I and II athletics and hosts the annual George Polk Awards in Journalism. Wikipedia.


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News Article | April 28, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University is pleased to announce the launch of an affiliated Institute at Long Island University (LIU) that will help nonprofits increase their fundraising capabilities and positive impact in the Northeast United States. The addition marks the ongoing expansion of a nationwide network of Institutes that are led by the founding Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University to offer curricula for nonprofit leaders and fundraisers based on the vision of philanthropist and entrepreneur T. Denny Sanford. The approaches are presented by recognized nonprofit leaders, members of academia, and renowned philanthropists. Through the arrangement, the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at Long Island University has access to educational resources and content developed through the founding Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University. The founding Institute, launched in 2014, is based out of the private, nonprofit National University, which is the anchor institution of the National University System. A foundational element of each Institute is the Cause Selling approach, which blends the passion of philanthropy with an emphasis on proven business and sales principles to support the work of frontline nonprofit fundraisers. Other affiliated Institutes have opened at John F. Kennedy University, which is part of the National University System and serves the San Francisco Bay Area; Augustana University; and Bellevue University. “The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at Long Island University is a natural extension of the University’s longstanding tradition of service,” said Long Island University President Dr. Kimberly R. Cline. “We are proud to join this nationwide movement and carry out Mr. T. Denny Sanford’s vision by supporting the great work of our region’s nonprofit community.” Dr. Lena Rodriguez, Endowed Director of the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University, said: “We are very pleased to celebrate the launch of the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at Long Island University, which will strengthen the philanthropic culture in the region they serve and build the capacity of nonprofit leaders. The vision of Mr. Sanford is to make the world a better place, and through the work of the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy we create stronger communities through more sustainable and impactful nonprofits.” LIU’s own broad and ongoing partnerships with local, regional and national nonprofit organizations have brought services and opportunities to its students and extended community alike, and the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at Long Island University will strengthen these partnerships by serving as a resource for nonprofit organizations in the Northeast that wish to increase their fundraising capabilities and their impact in the community. The core approaches of the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy network are based on Mr. Sanford’s own interactions with hundreds of nonprofits and foundations, and his desire to offer fundraisers access to proven approaches that more effectively convey their causes. The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University has overseen the development of a one-of-its kind textbook, Cause Selling: The Sanford Way, which is based on the vision of Mr. Sanford and outlines in detail how the cause selling approach can strengthen fundraising effectiveness through business and sales principles that incorporate communication skills, basic psychology, research, strategy and data analysis. The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University has also developed more than 30 educational content modules that focus on Cause Selling and related topics of donor relations, planned giving, and social media/marketing for nonprofits. The modules are available online for affiliated Institutes to develop workshops and seminars in coordination with nonprofit leaders, members of academia and renowned philanthropists who bring their own professional and regional perspective to the content. More than 12,000 nonprofit leaders have benefitted from the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University programs, which include seminars and lectures and webinars. The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University also meets standards of excellence as outlined by Certified Fund Raising Executive (CFRE) International and has been approved by the nonprofit certification organization as a Continuing Education Provider. About the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University The Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University is leading a national initiative dedicated to strengthening the impact of nonprofits through fundraising-focused educational programs that are presented by recognized nonprofit leaders, members of academia and renowned philanthropists. Based on the vision of philanthropist and entrepreneur T. Denny Sanford, the founding Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University was launched in 2014 to develop curriculum that is now being shared with affiliated Institutes around the country. To learn more about the movement led by the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University: http://sanfordeducationprograms.org/instituteofphilanthropy.cfm


News Article | May 2, 2017
Site: www.prlog.org

-- Meltzer, Lippe, Goldstein & Breitstone, LLP, one of Long Island's largest law firms, has announced the formation of Meltzer Lippe Strategies, a group designed to help clients navigate all levels of government.  Former United States Congressman Steve Israel will act as senior strategic adviser, working with Lew Meltzer, Chairman of the Firm.  Israel will not conduct lobbying activities.In defining the scope of Meltzer Lippe Strategies, Lew Meltzer explained, "Our keystone and specialty practice groups such as Tax, Corporate, Real Estate, Trusts & Estates, Labor & Employment, and Commercial Litigation are well positioned to serve the evolving needs of our clients.  Adding the strategical expertise of Steve Israel, with his more than 25 years in the public service arena, brings a sophisticated strategic planning element to the government relations process that will benefit many of our clients."Steve Israel was a Member of Congress for 16 years and was widely respected on both sides of the aisle as a leading strategist.  As one of only nine members in the House Democratic Leadership, he has a singularly behind-the-scenes understanding of how Washington officials think.  He served on the powerful House Appropriations Committee, House Armed Services Committee and House Financial Services Committee.  His insights on how Congress operates appear regularly on CNN (where he is now a Political Commentator)as well as,60 Minutes," FoxNews, MSNBC and elsewhere."Over the years I have gained a profound respect for the Meltzer Lippe firm" said Steve Israel.  "When Lew Meltzer indicated that he was interested in adding value to the firm to his clients who had needs in this area, I agreed that it was appropriate for me to take on that role.  I will not be lobbying for clients, but I will advise them on understanding of current thinking and trends in Washington."In addition to his role at Meltzer Lippe, Steve Israel chairs the Global Institute at Long Island University where he will teach, write and host events about foreign policy and national security.  Before his service in Washington, Steve served nearly ten years on the Huntington Town Council."Chief among the firm's goals is a deep understanding of our clients' businesses and therefore, their objectives and problems, says Meltzer.  "We also do the things we believe our clients want."Meltzer Lippe is one of the largest law firms on Long Island.  With offices in Mineola and Manhattan, the firm's practice encompasses all aspects of corporate and business law, tax law, employment and labor law, partnerships, limited liability companies and joint ventures, litigation, real estate, tax-exempt organizations, wills & trusts, estate planning & administration, construction law, employee benefits and executive compensation and government relations and regulatory affairs.Photo Caption:Meltzer, Lippe, Goldstein & Breitstone, LLP, one of Long Island's largest law firms announced the formation of Meltzer Lippe Strategies, a group designed to help clients navigate all levels of government.  Former United States Congressman Steve Israel (left) will act as senior strategic adviser, working with Lew Meltzer, Chairman of the Firm (right).  Israel will not conduct lobbying activities.


News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.newscientist.com

WANT to get to the bottom of one of the biggest mysteries in science? The best way might be to catch sight of a fast-spinning stellar corpse. General relativity, which describes massive objects like black holes, and quantum mechanics, which governs subatomic particles, are tremendously successful in their own realms. But no one has yet come up with a way to unite them. A theory of quantum gravity is one of the most sought after in physics (see “The string-loop theory that might finally untangle the universe“). Several candidates exist, but current Earth-based experiments can’t test them directly. Now, Michael Kavic at Long Island University in New York and his colleagues have devised a cosmic test. Their apparatus: a binary system made up of a black hole and a pulsar. Only tens of kilometres across, a pulsar forms when a star at least eight times the mass of the sun runs out of nuclear fuel and explodes as a supernova. What remains is a rotating object that also emits beams of radio waves from its magnetic poles. Those poles seldom coincide with its rotational axis, meaning a suitably placed observer will see the radio signal “flashing” past with near-perfect regularity, like a lighthouse beam. This eerie repetition meant that when pulsars were discovered in the 1960s, they were thought to be alien beacons. That regularity also makes them good quantum gravity probes, says Kavic. “If they do observe something, that would be big. It would be a whole new field of study” Some theories, like one proposed by Steven Giddings at the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 2014, predict that the black hole’s internal state can be linked to quantum fields outside, in the black hole’s “atmosphere”. This coupling would show up as fluctuations in the space-time around the black hole. If a pulsar is orbiting it, its radio signal will look normal whenever the pulsar passes in front of the black hole. But when the black hole eclipses the pulsar, the radio beam will reach us via a region of space-time that is steeply curved by the immense gravity. General relativity predicts that as a result, the signal will arrive early or late at our radio telescopes, with the discrepancy altering smoothly as the pulsar orbits. Quantum gravity, however, says the fluctuating space-time will alter the signal in irregular ways – such that a graph of the arrival times will look “fuzzy”. Studying a fuzzy pulsar could confirm Giddings’s version of quantum gravity. Kavic and his colleagues propose searching for pulsar-black hole pairs using planned instruments such as the Square Kilometre Array and the Event Horizon Telescope (arxiv.org/abs/1607.00018v3). Crucially, this type of measurement has been done before: astronomers have examined pulsars in binary systems with neutron stars, which are stellar corpses that don’t emit a lighthouse-like radio beam. “We know how to do this,” Kavic says. Those observations failed to detect any departures from general relativity. But black holes are more massive than neutron stars, so warp space-time more dramatically and could show a measurable effect. Some theorists are sceptical. Samir Mathur at Ohio State University in Columbus says the test might just not work. The quantum effects would need to extend far enough outside the event horizon – the surface inside of which matter can’t escape the black hole – to affect those pulsar beams that skirt the black hole. Even Giddings says there’s some luck involved in finding a binary that fits the bill. That said, Mathur feels the idea is a good one. “If they do observe something, that would be big,” he says. “It would be a whole new field of study.” This article appeared in print under the headline “Fuzzy pulsars could help unmask quantum gravity”


News Article | April 19, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

South Dakotan and entrepreneur T. Denny Sanford, one of the country’s most generous philanthropists, is donating $28 million to the private, nonprofit National University System to further its role leading the national adoption of three initiatives: Sanford Harmony, Sanford Inspire and the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy. Based on the vision of Mr. Sanford, the three Sanford Education Programs provide innovative, research-based solutions designed to address critical needs in teacher education, PreK-12 instruction and nonprofit fundraising. The donation, which is the largest ever received by the National University System, ensures the continued expansion of all three programs, which give people the tools to develop better relationships. More than 500,000 PreK-12 students from Los Angeles to New York City are being reached through a phased roll-out of two of the initiatives: Sanford Harmony, a PreK-6 social emotional learning program that promotes positive peer interactions and communication among boys and girls; and Sanford Inspire, which supports inspiring PreK-12 teaching through teacher education. The Sanford Harmony program, based on eight years of research at Arizona State University’s T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, has also been adopted in some of the largest school districts in the country. “We are very appreciative to have received this historic gift, which affirms the remarkable impact of these initiatives and allows for us to expand even further the capacity of these programs to transform the lives of our children, schools and communities,” said Dr. Michael R. Cunningham, Chancellor of the National University System, a network of nonprofit education institutions including National University that collectively serve higher education and K-12 students. “We are honored to carry out the vision of Denny Sanford, who is the inspiration and driving force behind these programs, and we are dedicated to ensuring their impact will last for generations.” The donation from Mr. Sanford brings total funding to date for the programs to approximately $70 million, which comes through a combination of donations from Mr. Sanford, Dr. Cunningham, anonymous donors and matching funds from National University itself. The National University System is leading the nationwide expansion of the programs through collaborations with more than a dozen other universities and numerous school districts around the country. The funding allows for Sanford Harmony to be available to PreK-12 schools at no cost. “Helping others is what this is all about, and it’s why I’m so pleased to recognize the remarkable impacts these three programs are having nationwide,” said Mr. Sanford. “What started out as a dream is now a reality, and to me the greatest gift of all is being able to see for myself how these programs are strengthening our communities and helping children succeed in school and life.” With adoption in more than three dozen states, the PreK-6 Sanford Harmony social emotional learning program continues to expand significantly. Based on Mr. Sanford’s desire to improve relationships among children into adulthood, Sanford Harmony supports positive peer interactions through lessons and activities that encourage communication, collaboration, and mutual respect among boys and girls. The program is being adopted by public and private schools, Boys and Girls Clubs and Magnet Schools of America. It is also being introduced to three of the five largest school districts in the country: New York City, where in partnership with Long Island University the program is in the process of reaching more than 100,000 students; as well as in Los Angeles and Clark County, Nevada. “I am confident that the Sanford Harmony program will lead to stronger and healthier relationships among children while fostering positive, lifelong relationships and ultimately lowering divorce rates,” said Mr. Sanford. With new resources being developed monthly, the Sanford Inspire program now offers 60 video training modules developed in collaboration with Arizona State University. The PreK-12 initiative is based on Mr. Sanford’s vision to support inspiring teaching, and was developed in conjunction with Teach for America. Sanford Inspire provides access to research-based teaching methodologies, and on-demand, self-guided online modules and offers a tool box to help teachers create inspiring classroom environments. A movement as well as a resource, Sanford Inspire principles and resources are being integrated as part of teacher education programs by a growing number of colleges and universities and impacting to date about 14,000 pre-service and in-service teachers. National University’s Sanford College of Education, which is among the Top Ten largest schools of education in the country, has aligned Sanford Inspire principles with its curriculum and programs. More than a dozen other schools and colleges of education are currently adopting Sanford Inspire, including City University of Seattle, which is also part of the National University System, and Nova Southeastern University in Florida. National University performed the research and development of the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University, which has directly impacted more than 12,000 frontline nonprofit fundraisers. The University is also supporting the expansion of a national network of affiliated Institutes at universities around the country, including John F. Kennedy University, and City University of Seattle, both affiliates of the National University System; Bellevue University; Augustana University; and Long Island University in New York. The founding Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University has created foundational curriculum based on the vision of Mr. Sanford to increase the impact of nonprofits through a unique focus on frontline fundraising and donor relations. A common cornerstone among each Institute is the Cause Selling approach, which blends the passion of philanthropy with an emphasis on proven business principles. With the development of more than 30 instructional modules and a one-of-its-kind textbook – Cause Selling: The Sanford Way – the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy at National University meets the standards of excellence as outlined by Certified Fund Raising Executive (CFRE) International and has been approved by the nonprofit certification organization as a Continuing Education Provider. About the National University System     The National University System is a network of accredited nonprofit education institutions serving higher education and K-12 students that includes National University, John F. Kennedy University, City University of Seattle, WestMed College and the Division of Pre-College Programs. Established in 2001 to meet the emerging challenges and demands of education in the 21st Century, the network’s complementary universities offer pathways for students to attain professional and terminal degrees through quality and innovative programs delivered in a format that is flexible to the needs of adult learners. The anchor institution, National University, was founded in 1971 and is among the largest private, nonprofit institutions of higher education in California with more than 150,000 alumni. For more information on the National University System: https://www.nusystem.org/ About the Sanford Education Center and Sanford College of Education at National University The Sanford Education Center at National University was established in 2014 through the generous support of philanthropist T. Denny Sanford to provide innovative programs in the nonprofit and PreK-12 sectors. The Center, in coordination with universities around the country, is leading the national expansion of three initiatives: Sanford Harmony, Sanford Inspire and the Sanford Institute of Philanthropy. The Center’s initiatives are supported by National University, which is home to the Sanford College of Education, and the National University System. Learn more: http://sanfordeducationprograms.org/


"LIU is shaping an entrepreneurial culture powered by innovation and ingenuity," Dr. Cline said. "We are proud to join with T. Denny Sanford as we take the next great step forward in our history of leadership in business education and our commitment to cultivating a creative spirit alongside genuine business intelligence in our students." "Helping LIU students discover and develop an entrepreneurial mindset is an investment that will have ripple effects throughout the northeast and across the globe," Mr. Sanford said. "The Sanford Institute at LIU will create the next generation of innovators, problem solvers, job creators, and industry leaders, guided by LIU's world-class faculty as they launch careers and ventures that will transform our world." The creation of the Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute in Brookville is funded by a $5 million grant from Mr. Sanford, and is the latest in a series of forward-thinking initiatives designed to encourage student entrepreneurship. Through the new Institute, LIU will continue its work to connect the University's innovative community of scholars to the young companies of New York's vibrant business culture. LIU's on-campus incubators are modeled on the shared workspaces at the heart of that culture, allowing students to collaborate on their own emerging ventures. LIU students also consult for a wide range of clients and start-ups, at LIU Post's student consultancy, LIU-iQ Consulting.  There, they develop executive-level experience through the University's national leadership in student-run businesses, enabling them to graduate with résumés that command respect in the job market. The Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute will be led by Dr. Robert M. Valli, Dean of the AACSB-accredited College of Management at LIU Post, now in its 15th consecutive year as one of the Princeton Review's "Best Business Schools." Dr. Valli is an internationally renowned expert on innovation ecosystems and the convergence of higher education, business, and technology.  His expansive professional background includes leadership roles at CSFirstBoston, Montgomery Securities, and the Ewing M. Kauffman Foundation. Dr. Valli's frontline experience in vetting, identifying, and nurturing innovators and entrepreneurs is a natural fit with the University's goals for the Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute. "The creation of the Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute is a shining example of why it's such an exciting time to be at LIU," Dr. Valli said. "The opportunity to partner with T. Denny Sanford is a demonstration of the formidable reach and relevance of this University, as well as the University's never-ending commitment to preparing our students for the demands of a rapidly evolving economy." The Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute's state-of-the-art research complex at LIU's University Center will attract top researchers and executives, creating new jobs in the region.   Recruitment for startups and entrepreneurs is underway, already having attracted the following businesses and institutes to the space: Alongside Dr. Valli, the Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute will be overseen by the incoming Vorzimer Endowed Chair in Entrepreneurship – a newly endowed position – with additional scholars and practitioners joining the University to participate in an innovative collaborative research model built on the study of entrepreneurship across disciplines. With Phase I of the project complete, Phase II will add an additional 12,000 square feet of incubator space, which will be attached to Bush-Brown Hall.  LIU received $500,000 in funding from the New York State Regional Economic Development Council for that project which is currently slated to commence construction in the fall. The University will also establish the Sanford Scholars Program, recruiting the most passionate student innovators from across the country to join a formal program of immersive experiences. Students will participate in leadership workshops and face entrepreneurship challenges while working through a dedicated program of personal development and coaching to prepare them for successful careers. "Educational institutions can make a tremendous impact on our economy," said Eric Krasnoff, Chairman of LIU Board of Trustees, and former Chairman, President, and CEO of Pall Corporation. "The LIU T. Denny Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute is a bold initiative that is transformational for students and strengthens the economic underpinning of our communities." The creation of the Sanford Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute marks an ongoing and expanding partnership between the University and Mr. Sanford benefiting communities throughout the Northeast. LIU's advancement of the Sanford Education Programs has transformed the way more than 140,000 children learn in 5,500 classrooms across the New York metropolitan area, while the University's Sanford Institute of Philanthropy is poised to dramatically increase the fundraising capabilities and positive impact of nonprofit organizations in the Northeast region. LIU, founded in 1926, continues to redefine higher education, providing high quality academic instruction by world-class faculty. Recognized by Forbes for its emphasis on experiential learning and by the Brookings Institution for its "value added" to student outcomes, LIU offers 500 accredited programs, with a network of 200,000 alumni that includes industry leaders and entrepreneurs across the globe. LIU's renowned faculty, the LIU Promise student mentoring program, innovation in engaged learning, further distinguish LIU as a leader among the nation's most respected universities. Visit liu.edu for more information. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/liu-announces-launch-of-t-denny-sanford-innovation-and-entrepreneurship-institute-300452513.html


Patent
City University of New York, Pace University and Long Island University | Date: 2015-03-19

The present invention relates to novel antiviral compounds which are covalently attached to solid, macro surfaces. In another embodiment, the invention relates to novel antiviral compositions including a polymeric material and, embedded therein, an antiviral compound. In other embodiments, the invention relates to making a surface antiviral and making a polymeric material antiviral.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: LINGUISTICS | Award Amount: 73.77K | Year: 2015

Subject-verb agreement is pervasive in many languages and it is one of the earliest syntactic relations that children must master. Prior research has suggested that its course of acquisition is different in different languages: early production but late comprehension have been observed in English, Spanish and Xhosa (Bantu) while production and comprehension are both early in French (by 30 months of age). The PIs in this collaborative project, Dr. Legendre and Dr. Barriere, seek to reconcile these results by evaluating the hypothesis that children can detect agreement markers better and earlier in languages in which these markers are both perceptually salient and semantically transparent.

The research project will target four languages chosen because their relevant properties allow a number of factors to be teased apart: English, Spanish, French, and Haitian Creole. This project is innovative in seeking to investigate the role of perceptual factors, both at the sentential level and cross-linguistically, and fosters interdisciplinary approaches to the study of language acquisition by melding research in theoretical syntax, psycholinguistics, corpus analysis, and speech perception, and combining their respective research methods. The project will stimulate international collaborations between the PIs in the US and research consultants in France, and will provide valuable research experience for a post-doctoral researcher, and for graduate and undergraduate students at the two US sites.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 159.99K | Year: 2013

This proposal is based on a geometric study of cohomology theories. Cohomology theories provide useful invariants for topological spaces, and their classification by the spectra provides a unified picture, indicating how numerous they are. Nevertheless, our understanding of cohomology theories, along with their equivariant, differential, and other mixed variants, remains limited. This is partly due to the fact that aside from a few examples, such as ordinary cohomology and K-theory, there are no good geometric descriptions of the cohomology classes of a given theory with immediate ties to naturally occurring objects in geometry. Even in the case of K-theory and its variants, our current understanding leaves many questions unanswered. Geometrically representing classes of a theory has proven to be useful in many regards, including the construction of non-homotopy invariant refinements, like differential theories, their equivariant versions, and pushforwards (cocycle level index theorems). In this proposal, the PI studies several ways of obtaining geometric models for K-theories (equivariant, differential, and their mixes) as well as refinements that take into account the Wilson line effects by using the Bismut Chern character. In one component of the research, the PI studies differential K-theory using representatives of the Atiyah class in the Toledo-Tong twisted resolution. In another, the PI aims to use his work with his collaborators, on the equivariant holonomy for abelian gerbes, to study topological invariants of non-abelian grebes. The main tool for this part is the equivariant topological chiral homology. This research has graduate student components.

Cohomology theories, their variants, and refinements are part of a branch of mathematics called topology. Cohomological invariants can measure a wide variety of phenomena, from wrappings of a piece of rope around a pole, to the possibilities for the shape of the universe. Cohomological techniques and descriptions have taken a central role in modeling high energy physics phenomena to the extent that several fundamental concepts were originally discovered by physicist and mathematicians independently. Comparison and cross-fertilization between the two fields has resulted in an accelerated enrichment of both, a trend that continues to pick up momentum increasingly. A modern categorical point of view now serves as a common language for mathematicians and physicists to explore cohomological ideas and their byproducts. Several components of the grant engage undergraduate and graduate students.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: GRAVITATIONAL THEORY | Award Amount: 180.46K | Year: 2013

Observing highly energetic astrophysical sources through fundamentally different radiation channels will be crucial in order to better understand some of the most intriguing, even exotic, objects and events in our universe. Included among these are compact binary objects, composed of black holes and neutron stars, as well as gamma ray bursts and related phenomena. Such objects are powerful engines for the production of gravitational, electromagnetic and neutrino radiation. Many research groups as well as observatories and experiments (both planned and already in operation), are engaged in attempting to observe, interpret and understand these emissions. Their overall understanding will be enhanced and furthered as theoretical insight and predictions are used to aid in their detection and in testing fundamental theories and phenomena. Our purpose here is to systematically consider non-vacuum compact binary systems and to do so with sufficient fidelity to obtain their emissions in gravitational and electromagnetic waves. We will do so by incorporating realistic equations of state, electromagnetic interactions and cooling effects. In particular, our approach is to tie ever more tightly together our theoretical understanding of the possible components and sources of multi-messenger astrophysics. We will build our efforts on a strong computational foundation, namely a robust implementation of the equations of general relativistic, resistive magnetohydrodynamics with adaptive mesh refinement.

This research is of broad interest and naturally combines expertise and know-how that reaches beyond physicists to astrophysicists and mathematicians. It will advance our understanding of some of the most intriguing processes in the universe, and will provide valuable candidate waveforms for gravitational wave observatories (e.g. LIGO). Our participation in multinational efforts to compare waveforms and approaches will be especially valuable to the gravitational wave and astrophysical communities. The activities described here will help further undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral research and training, including a number of underrepresented individuals. Also, this work uses the HAD infrastructure and thus helps support broadly useful, publicly released, software. Additionally, this research involves some of the most exotic objects in our universe that captures the imagination of the general public.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: GRAVITATIONAL THEORY | Award Amount: 60.00K | Year: 2016

A new window on the universe opened recently with the detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO gravitational wave observatory. Other telescopes observe electromagnetic waves (that includes visible light), and this new window will give us quite different and complementary information. The work described here seeks to understand better how to get the most information from these gravitational wave observations. In particular, we study the very violent merger of neutron stars and black holes to determine how the properties of these systems are encoded in both gravitational and electromagnetic waves.

The goals supported by this award are to study the dynamics of compact objects and the radiation they emit to capture the most science possible from aLIGO and similar detectors. We will do so through computational studies of binary systems incorporating magnetized matter with resistive effects, realistic equations of state, electromagnetic and neutrino emission, and r-process nucleosynthesis. Our efforts will include the following: (i) We will determine gravitational waveforms from these binaries, with a focus on observable imprints from the neutron star equation of state, mass, and radius. (ii) We will investigate the construction of analytic and phenomenological gravitational wave templates. (iii) We will study outflows from merging binaries as an indicator of events with characteristic electromagnetic and neutrino signals. (iv) We will study the global behavior of magnetic fields and the electromagnetic emissions, such as jets, that originate in the magnetosphere of coalescing binaries.

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