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Taori K.,Government Medical College | Krishnan V.,Government Medical College | Sharbidre K.G.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital | Andhare A.,Government Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

We report a case of persistent urogenital sinus with hydrocolpos and associated renal anomalies diagnosed prenatally at 30 weeks' gestation. The prenatal findings were confirmed on postnatal ultrasonography and genitogram with voiding urethrogram. The imaging features and a review of the literature are discussed. The possibility of hydrometrocolpos secondary to urogenital sinus should be considered on prenatal sonography in the presence of a presacral cystic mass with clear urine or turbid contents and a fluid-debris level (cervical or vaginal secretions). Because the prognosis and neonatal management of isolated hydrocolpos (which usually resolves spontaneously) differ greatly from those of hydrocolpos associated with a cloacal malformation, it is important to diagnose prenatally any associated anomalies in order to allow optimal postnatal management. Copyright © 2010 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Ducrotte P.,University of Rouen | Sawant P.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital | Jayanthi V.,India.gov.in
World Journal of Gastroenterology

AIM: To assess the symptomatic efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (L. plantarum 299v) (DSM 9843) for the relief of abdominal symptoms in a large subset of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria. METHODS: In this double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-designed study, subjects were randomized to daily receive either one capsule of L. plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) or placebo for 4 wk. Frequency and intensity of abdominal pain, bloating and feeling of incomplete rectal emptying were assessed weekly on a visual analogue scale while stool frequency was calculated. RESULTS: Two hundred and fourteen IBS patients were recruited. After 4 wk, both pain severity (0.68 + 0.53 vs 0.92 + 0.57, P < 0.05) and daily frequency (1.01 + 0.77 vs 1.71 + 0.93, P < 0.05) were lower with L. plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) than with placebo. Similar results were obtained for bloating. At week 4, 78.1 % of the patients scored the L. plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) symptomatic effect as excellent or good vs only 8.1 % for placebo (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: A 4-wk treatment with L. plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) provided effective symptom relief, particularly of abdominal pain and bloating, in IBS patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria. © 2012 Baishideng. Source

Robertson C.S.,Baylor College of Medicine | Narayan R.K.,North Shore University Hospital | Handly N.,Drexel University | Sharma A.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Neurotrauma

The purpose of this multicenter observational clinical study was to evaluate the performance of a near-infrared (NIR)-based, non-invasive, portable device to screen for traumatic intracranial hematomas. Five trauma centers collected data using the portable NIR device at the time a computed tomography (CT) scan was performed to evaluate a suspected traumatic brain injury (TBI). The CT scans were read by an independent neuroradiologist who was blinded to the NIR measurements. Of 431 patients enrolled, 365 patients were included in the per-protocol population analyzed. Of the 365 patients, 96 were determined by CT scan to have intracranial hemorrhages of various sizes, depths, and anatomical locations. The NIR device demonstrated sensitivity of 88% (95% confidence interval [CI] 74.9,95.0%), and specificity of 90.7% (95% CI 86.4,93.7%), in detecting the 50 intracranial hematomas that were large enough to be clinically important (larger than 3.5 mL in volume), and that were less than 2.5 cm from the surface of the brain. For all 96 cases with intracranial hemorrhage, regardless of size and type of hemorrhage, the sensitivity was 68.7% (CI 58.3,77.6%), and specificity was 90.7% (CI 86.4,93.7%). These results confirm the results of previous studies that indicate that a NIR-based portable device can reliably screen for intracranial hematomas that are superficial and of a size likely to be of clinical importance. The NIR device cannot replace CT scanning in the diagnosis of TBI, but the device might be useful to supplement clinical information used to triage TBI patients, and in situations in which CT scanning is not readily available. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Zaki S.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital
Indian Journal of Pharmacology

Terlipressin, an analog of the natural hormone arginine-vasopressin, is a splanchnic constrictor that is used to control variceal bleeding in portal hypertension. It has a very good safety profile compared to vasopressin. Although rare, adverse effects such as hyponatremia and seizure can occur. We describe a 7-year-old male child who developed hyponatremia induced by infusion of terlipressin which resulted in a generalized seizure. After withdrawal of terlipressin, the serum sodium level became normal. Through this case, we emphasize the importance of monitoring patient′s electrolyte levels during the course of terlipressin therapy. Source

Zaki S.A.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital | Dadge D.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital | Shanbag P.,Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital
Indian Pediatrics

We report a 5-year-old girl who presented with persistent iron-deficiency anemia. She had a history of abdominal pain and recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Highresolution computed tomography, esophagogastroduodenoscopy and barium meal examination revealed a congenital diaphragmatic hernia with intermittent gastric volvulus. The anemia was the result of Cameron lesions associated with diaphragmatic hernia. Source

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