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Rossi D.,University of Piemonte Orientale | Bruscaggin A.,University of Piemonte Orientale | La Cava P.,AOU Policlinico V. Emanuele | Galimberti S.,University of Pisa | And 16 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2015

Though most follicular lymphoma biomarkers rely on tumor features, the host genetic background may also be relevant for outcome. Here we aimed at verifying the contribution of candidate polymorphisms of FCreceptor, DNA repair and detoxification genes to prognostic stratification of follicular lymphoma treated with immunochemotherapy. The study was based on 428 patients enrolled in the FOLL05 prospective trial that compared three standard-of-care regimens (rituximab-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisone versus rituximabcyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone versus rituximab-fludarabine-mitoxantrone) for the first line therapy of advanced follicular lymphoma. Polymorphisms were genotyped on peripheral blood DNA samples. The primary endpoint was time to treatment failure. Polymorphisms of FCGR2A and FCGR3A, which have been suggested to influence the activity of rituximab as a single agent, did not affect time to treatment failure in the pooled analysis of the three FOLL05 treatment arms that combined rituximab with chemotherapy (P=0.742, P=0.252, respectively). These results were consistent even when the analysis was conducted by intention to treat, indicating that different chemotherapy regimens and loads did not interact differentially with the FCGR2A and FCGR3A genotypes. The genotype of MLH1, which regulates the genotoxic effect of doxorubicin, significantly affected time to treatment failure in patients in the rituximab-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone arm (P=0.001; q<0.1), but not in arms in which patients did not receive doxorubicin (i.e., the rituximabcyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisone and rituximab-fludarabine-mitoxantrone arms). The impact of MLH1 on time to treatment failure was independent after adjusting for the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index and other potential confounding variables by multivariate analysis. These data indicate that MLH1 genotype is a predictor of failure to benefit from rituximab-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone treatment in advanced follicular lymphoma and confirm that FCGR2A and FCGR3A polymorphisms have no impact when follicular lymphoma is treated with rituximab plus chemotherapy (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00774826). © 2015 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source

Mauro F.R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Molica S.,Oncologia Medica | Laurenti L.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Cortelezzi A.,Ematology BMT Unit | And 22 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2014

In 45, ≤60 years old patients with CLL and an adverse biologic profile, a front-line treatment with Fludarabine and Campath (Alemtuzumab®) was given. The overall response rate was 75.5%, the complete response rate (CR) 24.4% with the lowest CR rates, 16.7% and 8.3%, in 11q and 17p deleted cases. The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were 42.5% and 79.9%, respectively. PFS was significantly influenced by CLL duration, beta2-microglobulin, and improved by post-remissional stem cell transplantation. Front-line fludarabine and alemtuzumab showed a manageable safety profile and evidence of a benefit in a small series of CLL patients with adverse biologic features. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Faustino M.,Private Hospital L. Pierangeli | Faustino M.,Electrophysiology Operating Unit | Pizzi C.,University of Bologna | Agricola T.,Electrophysiology Operating Unit | And 10 more authors.
Heart Rhythm | Year: 2015

Background Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is a central procedure for the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, in patients with PAF and structural atrial disease, PVI may fail and cause progressive atrial remodeling, often leading to persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation. Objective We performed a prospective, single-blind, 2-center randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of PVI alone with that of PVI plus stepwise ablation in achieving sinus rhythm and nonatrial arrhythmia inducibility in patients with PAF refractory to antiarrhythmic therapy. Methods Patients were randomized to perform a first catheter ablation procedure either through PVI alone or through PVI plus substrate modification in stepwise ablation. Data were recorded at 3, 6, and 12 months after both ablation procedures. Patients who experienced atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia (AF/AT) recurrence were encouraged to undergo repeat ablation using the technique of the first ablation procedure. Results A total of 150 patients were enrolled (mean age 62.8 ± 8.7 years; 92 (61.3%) men; 104 (69.3%) hypertensive; AF mean duration 10.7 months), with 75 patients in each group. After 12 months of the first procedure, patients who were converted to sinus rhythm using stepwise ablation showed a significantly lower rate of AF/AT recurrence (26.7%) than did those who were treated using PVI alone (46.7%; P <.001). Similar results were observed in the 52 patients who underwent a second catheter ablation procedure. After adjusting for several potential confounders, the hazard ratio of 12-month AF/AT recurrence after the first ablation procedure was 0.53 (95% confidence interval 0.30-0.91) for those treated using stepwise ablation. Conclusion In addition to PVI, stepwise ablation achieving sinus rhythm and nonatrial arrhythmia inducibility has relevantly improved the clinical outcome of the PAF control strategy. © 2015 Heart Rhythm Society. Source

Efficace F.,Health Outcomes Research Unit | Baccarani M.,University of Bologna | Breccia M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Alimena G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

The main objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in treatment with long-term therapy imatinib have a different health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) profile compared with the general population. In total, 448 CML patients were enrolled, and the SF-36 Health Survey was used to compare generic HRQOL profiles. Symptoms were also assessed. HRQOL comparisons were adjusted for key possible confounders. The median age of patients was 57 years and the median time of imatinib treatment was 5 years (range 3-9 years). The largest HRQOL differences were found in younger patients. In particular, patients aged between 18 and 39 years had marked impairments in role limitations because of physical and emotional problems, respectively: -22.6 (P < .001), -22.3 (P < .001). Patients with CML age 60 or older had a HRQOL profile very similar to that reported by the general population. Women had a worse profile than men when each were compared with their peers in the general population. Fatigue was the most frequently reported symptom. The HRQOL of CML patients is comparable with that of population norms in many areas, however, younger and female patients seem to report the major limitations. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Efficace F.,Italian Group for Adult Hematologic Diseases GIMEMA | Baccarani M.,S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital | Breccia M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Cottone F.,Italian Group for Adult Hematologic Diseases GIMEMA | And 21 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2013

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important goal of therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with current molecular-targeted therapies. The main objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with long-term HRQOL outcomes of CML patients receiving imatinib. Analysis was performed on 422 CML patients recruited in an observational multicenter study. HRQOL was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Key socio-demographic and clinical data were investigated for their association with HRQOL outcomes. Chronic fatigue and social support were also investigated. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to identify independent factors associated with HRQOL outcomes. Fatigue was the only variable showing an independent and consistent association across all physical and mental HRQOL outcomes (P<0.01). Differences between patients reporting low versus high fatigue levels were more than eight and seven times the magnitude of a clinically meaningful difference, respectively, for the role physical (Δ=70 points) and emotional scale (Δ=63 points) of the SF-36. Fatigue did not occur as an isolated symptom and was most highly correlated with musculoskeletal pain (r=0.511; P≤0.001) and muscular cramps (r=0.448; P≤0.001). Chronic fatigue is the major factor limiting HRQOL of CML patients receiving imatinib. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

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