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True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2012

The article explains how the global ethylene production in 2011 has continued to move ahead. Saudi Arabia added 1.2 million tons/year (tpy) and Pequiven Polimerica Polinter added 1.3 million tpy in Venezuela. Toyo and ENPPI, based on ethylene technology from Lummus Technology, are executing a $600 million lump sum engineering, procurement, construction, and commissioning turnkey contract. The plant is to start up in early 2015. As initially conceived, the petrochemical project will include a 1-million-tpy ethylene steam cracker, two 650,000-tpy polyethylene units, a 450,000-tpy polypropylene unit, a 300,000-tpy specialty elastomers unit, an aromatics extraction unit to produce 340,000 tpy of benzene, an oxo-alcohol expansion of 125,000 tpy, and a 220-Mw power cogeneration unit. Reuters cited Chinese media, which stated Sinopec had begun building the petrochemical complex around the end of 2007 in central city of Wuhan.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2012

A discussion on the state of global LNG supplies covers the effect of the 8.9 earthquake and tsunami disaster that hit Japan on global LNG trade; capacity additions in Indonesia and Papua-New Guinea; the development of natural gas from shales in North America; new infrastructure planned in the US; push to export excess natural gas in the form of LNG into regions where the vapor price is above North America's; potentially supply source from East African fields off Mozambique; Anadarko's plans for a 10-million ton/yr LNG plant fed by gas from Offshore Area 1 discoveries; operating and planned LNG production projects in Africa; environmental strategies and monitoring and reporting requirements; and natural gas terminal projects in China and India.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2010

Asian capacity continued to lead the world, growing by nearly 1.5 million b/cd in 2010. Three new refineries started up in 2010, all in bustling Asia-Pacific, as was the case in 2009. North America's capacity remained virtually flat, while Western Europe's contracted as companies closed inefficient plants or otherwise rationalized capacity to meet changing market demands. Growth in capacity for 2010 has centered almost entirely in Asia and the Middle East, as the regions continued to add new and expand existing refineries to meet anticipated markets in the two regions. Nagarjuna Fertilizer holds 51% in the project, while Tata Petrodyne, a unit of Tata Group, holds 30%. The Tamil Nadu government holds 5%, Uhde of Germany 4%, and Cuddalore Port 10%. Marasel Co. of Saudi Arabia and Beximco of Bangladesh set up a joint venture to fund a trebling of capacity at the 33,000-b/d Eastern Refinery Ltd. plant at the port of Chittagong.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2010

Low-sulfur Ormen Lange condensate arrived at the multiphase (natural gas, condensate, water, and monoethylene glycol) through two 30-inch, nearly 75-mile pipelines on the western Coast of Norway. Condensate as crude loaded out from Nyhamna is running at about 30,000 b/d, according to Statoil. Partners in Ormen Lange are Statoil (28.9%), Shell (operator; 17.1%), Petoro (36.5%), Dong (10.3%), and ExxonMobil (7.2%). A slug catcher is used to separate gas, liquid condensate, water, and MEG, send the gas to a dew pointing unit before it is compressed for export to the UK via the Langeled pipeline.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2011

During the 20th World Petroleum Congress in Doha, Qatar, which was held in December 2011, Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani called for renewed cooperation between countries that produce oil and gas - mostly in the developing world - and countries that comprise major markets - mainly in the developed world. The cooperation can and should be found in the joint efforts of oil and gas exporting countries and importing countries to ensure dependable supply and to reduce the environmental harm caused by emissions from carbon-based fuels. Developing countries must ensure that depletion of their natural resources do not weaken their production base in the future. Efforts to upgrade technology that alleviates the negative impact of producing and using the fossil fuel on environment, should coincide with the development of renewable energy resources. Action to achieve clean and renewable energy by the developed importing countries should not be triggered by malicious reasons, such as not to be dominated by oil exporters.

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