LNG Gas Processing

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LNG Gas Processing

United States

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True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2012

The article explains how the global ethylene production in 2011 has continued to move ahead. Saudi Arabia added 1.2 million tons/year (tpy) and Pequiven Polimerica Polinter added 1.3 million tpy in Venezuela. Toyo and ENPPI, based on ethylene technology from Lummus Technology, are executing a $600 million lump sum engineering, procurement, construction, and commissioning turnkey contract. The plant is to start up in early 2015. As initially conceived, the petrochemical project will include a 1-million-tpy ethylene steam cracker, two 650,000-tpy polyethylene units, a 450,000-tpy polypropylene unit, a 300,000-tpy specialty elastomers unit, an aromatics extraction unit to produce 340,000 tpy of benzene, an oxo-alcohol expansion of 125,000 tpy, and a 220-Mw power cogeneration unit. Reuters cited Chinese media, which stated Sinopec had begun building the petrochemical complex around the end of 2007 in central city of Wuhan.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2012

A discussion on the state of global LNG supplies covers the effect of the 8.9 earthquake and tsunami disaster that hit Japan on global LNG trade; capacity additions in Indonesia and Papua-New Guinea; the development of natural gas from shales in North America; new infrastructure planned in the US; push to export excess natural gas in the form of LNG into regions where the vapor price is above North America's; potentially supply source from East African fields off Mozambique; Anadarko's plans for a 10-million ton/yr LNG plant fed by gas from Offshore Area 1 discoveries; operating and planned LNG production projects in Africa; environmental strategies and monitoring and reporting requirements; and natural gas terminal projects in China and India.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2011

OGJ Refinery Survey has revealed that world crude oil distillation capacity has contracted slightly in 2011 after growing slowly in 2010. Although Western Europe lost a net of only two refineries so far this year, total capacity for its plants has fallen by more than 225,000 b/cd. North America has seen a drop of four refineries but only a loss of 55,000 b/cd in capacity. About the same time, PetroChina raised crude oil processing capacity in its Jilin refinery by a third, to 200,000 b/d. The expansion is part of Petro-China's preparation to receive Russian crude oil via the newly built China-Russian crude pipeline, reportedly to supply 300,000 b/d for 20 years. PetroChina has also upgraded its 200,000-b/d Liaoyang refinery in Liaoning Province as the main processor of Russian crude. The refinery, according to Essar statements, was operating at more than its 10.5 million tpy nameplate capacity, reaching throughput of 14.76 million tons in 2010-11.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2010

Low-sulfur Ormen Lange condensate arrived at the multiphase (natural gas, condensate, water, and monoethylene glycol) through two 30-inch, nearly 75-mile pipelines on the western Coast of Norway. Condensate as crude loaded out from Nyhamna is running at about 30,000 b/d, according to Statoil. Partners in Ormen Lange are Statoil (28.9%), Shell (operator; 17.1%), Petoro (36.5%), Dong (10.3%), and ExxonMobil (7.2%). A slug catcher is used to separate gas, liquid condensate, water, and MEG, send the gas to a dew pointing unit before it is compressed for export to the UK via the Langeled pipeline.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2010

Asian capacity continued to lead the world, growing by nearly 1.5 million b/cd in 2010. Three new refineries started up in 2010, all in bustling Asia-Pacific, as was the case in 2009. North America's capacity remained virtually flat, while Western Europe's contracted as companies closed inefficient plants or otherwise rationalized capacity to meet changing market demands. Growth in capacity for 2010 has centered almost entirely in Asia and the Middle East, as the regions continued to add new and expand existing refineries to meet anticipated markets in the two regions. Nagarjuna Fertilizer holds 51% in the project, while Tata Petrodyne, a unit of Tata Group, holds 30%. The Tamil Nadu government holds 5%, Uhde of Germany 4%, and Cuddalore Port 10%. Marasel Co. of Saudi Arabia and Beximco of Bangladesh set up a joint venture to fund a trebling of capacity at the 33,000-b/d Eastern Refinery Ltd. plant at the port of Chittagong.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2011

During the 20th World Petroleum Congress in Doha, Qatar, which was held in December 2011, Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani called for renewed cooperation between countries that produce oil and gas - mostly in the developing world - and countries that comprise major markets - mainly in the developed world. The cooperation can and should be found in the joint efforts of oil and gas exporting countries and importing countries to ensure dependable supply and to reduce the environmental harm caused by emissions from carbon-based fuels. Developing countries must ensure that depletion of their natural resources do not weaken their production base in the future. Efforts to upgrade technology that alleviates the negative impact of producing and using the fossil fuel on environment, should coincide with the development of renewable energy resources. Action to achieve clean and renewable energy by the developed importing countries should not be triggered by malicious reasons, such as not to be dominated by oil exporters.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2011

A discussion on issues and topics on Europe's gas industry, which were presented at the 2011 European Autumn Gas Conference (Paris, France 11/15/2011), covers regulatory and supply uncertainties in Europe's natural gas industry; concerns on the security of LNG supply after Japan's Fukushima nuclear reactor catastrophe in March 201; Europe's struggle to establish a dependable network of pipeline-supplied natural gas; uncertainty over the nature and predictability of governmental regulations, mainly in terms of the region's efforts to reduce CO 2 emissions; the EU's fixation on solving its sovereign debt problems; and the start-up of Gate LNG in the Netherlands, with a number of new terminals set to open in 18-24 mo.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2010

The main conclusions offered by Ken Otto of Purvin & Gertz (P&G) on 3/9/2010 at the consultancy's 23rd annual International LPG Seminar in The Woodlands, TX, is presented. According to P&G, global and regional economic recovery during 2010-2011 will prompt global LPG supply to resume where it left off when the recession hit. Worldwide LPG trade will also grow over the near term with an increasing surplus east of the Suez Canal pushing more LPG into the West. In the West, more LPG will become petrochemical feedstock in that price-sensitive market. Thus, LPG pricing will be lower than for competitive fuels and thus improve market conditions in several demand sections, mainly petrochemical, residential-commercial, engine fuel, and industrial. Global LPG supply will increase to 270 million ton in 2013 from 235 million ton in 2009. Through 2013, supply growth among Mideast producers will be strong, pushing the region past North America by 2011 to become the largest LPG producing region. Overall, worldwide LPG growth through 2013 will average 3.5%/yr.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2011

Global LNG capacities are rising to meet increasing global demand, with Atlantic Basin LNG trade likely to rise at 9.5%/year between 2010 and 2011, reaching nearly 190 billion cu m for the trading region. The 210,000-cu m (Q-flex) Al Bahiya LNG carrier, dedicated under long-term contract by Nakilat to Quatargas Train 4, delivered the cargo intended for the local market under contract between Shell and the Dubai Supply Authority. The LNG was produced by Qatargas 2. The centrality of Asia in global LNG trade was highlighted last year by a report from Denver-based analyst Bentek. It projected demand for LNG in Asia-Pacific by 2015 will reach 25.4 bcfd, up from 7.8 bcfd in 2010. China's construction of LNG terminals continued apace in 2010 with Dapeng LNG in Guangdong province starting up an expansion, taking terminal inlet capacity to 6.7 million tpy.


True W.R.,LNG Gas Processing
Oil and Gas Journal | Year: 2012

On the Gastech in London, panels explored various meanings of market sustainability and implications of the concept. Topics discussed include the markets' increasing desire to burn a less-polluting fuel as well as prospects for huge reserves resulting from shale play developments, especially in North America; Europe's ongoing dilemmas in attempting to secure natural gas supplies from various forms and sources; role of the US and Canada in supplying gas to world markets and the extent of its influence; how LNG exports from North America will be priced and whether oil-indexed pricing will continue in Asian markets; and European supply and demand.

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