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Demarchi F.,Lncib Laboratorio Nazionale Consorzio Interuniversitario Biotecnologie | Demarchi F.,University of Udine | Cataldo F.,Lncib Laboratorio Nazionale Consorzio Interuniversitario Biotecnologie | Bertoli C.,Lncib Laboratorio Nazionale Consorzio Interuniversitario Biotecnologie | And 3 more authors.
Cell Cycle | Year: 2010

Senescence represents an important barrier against cellular transformation. Here we show that CApNS1 depletion impairs senescence induction both in BJ-et H-Rasv12 inducible human fibroblasts upon Ras induction and in Ht1080 targeted to senescence by treatment with low doses of doxorubicin. We further show that CApNS1 depletion is coupled to reduced levels of H2AX phosphorylation, not only in Rasv12 induced BJ-et fibroblasts, but also in a number of cellular systems upon genotoxic stress. In particular CApNS1 depletion affects γ-H2AX appearance or persistence in U2oS osteosarcoma cells 24 hours after MMC addition or UV light exposure; in Ht1080 upon camptothecin treatment for 4 hours and 48 hours after addition of MMC; in MDA-MB-231, 24 hours after UV light exposure and 2 hours after bleomycin addition. overall this study unveils a novel link between calpain, cellular senescence and DNA damage response. © 2010 Landes Bioscience. Source

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