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München, Germany

Geiger S.,LMU Munich Campus GroXhadern | Cnossen J.A.,LMU Munich Campus GroXhadern | Horster S.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Digioia D.,LMU Munich Campus GroXhadern | And 2 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs | Year: 2011

Recent epidemiological studies suggest that chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has not contributed to a marked improvement in the patient outcome during the last decades. Randomized trials that investigated the efficacy of a first-line schedule for MBC, observed a median survival of 18-24 months. This study aimed to analyze patients with MBC who have been treated in a single university outpatient clinic for survival. Patients with MBC who had received their complete anticancer treatment in our outpatient clinic between 2000 and 2005 were analyzed for treatment schedules and survival. A total of 232 patients [median age, 53 years; range, 27-87 years; estrogen receptor and/or progesterone-positive hormone receptor, n=174 (75%); human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive), n=79 (34%)] were included in this analysis, of which 43.7% of hormone receptor-positive patients received 1-2, 28.3% received 3-4, and 1.7% received more than four hormonal regimens. In addition, 53.4% of all patients received up to three chemotherapeutic agents in palliative intent, whereas four to six regimens were applied in 22.1, and 12.9% received more than six subsequent regimens. An increased number of regimens were associated with an improvement in survival. The median overall survival was 44 months (95% confidence interval: 39-49). HR positivity, bone only, or single-site metastases were associated with an improved survival. An improved survival was also shown in patients who underwent locoregional procedures for oligometastatic disease (n=31; median overall survival >50 months), whereas triple-negative breast cancer was related to worse outcome (16 months; 95% confidence interval: 7-25). These data collected from a selective patient population of a single center support the hypothesis that the sequential use of all treatment modalities for MBC to its full potential may result in an increased survival. Whether innovative medicine, a step-by-step escalation of all treatment modalities according to standard guidelines and individualized clinical requirements, and a multidisciplinary treatment approach contribute to these good outcomes is debatable. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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