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Côte-Saint-Luc, Canada

Maniakas A.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Forest V.-I.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Jozaghi Y.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Saliba J.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | And 4 more authors.

Background: Predicting locoregional metastasis in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) is a challenge for thyroid cancer surgeons. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has been shown to be an effective predictive tool. To our knowledge, primary tumor (T) classification has yet to be studied with regard to SLNB. We hypothesized that larger primary tumors would correlate with the rate of malignancy in SLNBs. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients operated for WDTC at the McGill Thyroid Cancer Center over a 36-month period. Patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy and SLNB for WDTC were included in this study. Results: A total of 311 patients were included and separated into two groups (236 negative and 75 positive SLNBs). Among patients with negative SLNBs, 65% had T1 primary tumors, 17% T2, 16% T3, and 2% T4, whereas 18% of patients with positive SLNBs had T1 primary tumors, 5% T2, 45% T3, and 32% T4 (p<0.001). Patients under the age of 45 years had a higher rate of positive SLNs (36% in those <45 years vs. 17% in those ≥45 years; p<0.001). Conclusions: Age (<45 years) and higher T category were found to be associated with a higher rate of positive SLNBs. © 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014. Source

Ibrahim B.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Forest V.-I.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Hier M.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Mlynarek A.M.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Introduction: It is not uncommon for patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules to undergo diagnostic hemithyroidectomy. When the final pathology determines that the nodule is in fact malignant, patients require counseling as to the whether a completion thyroidectomy is necessary. Objectives: 1. Determine the incidence of well differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) in the contralateral thyroid lobe in patients undergoing completion thyroidectomy. 2. Identify features of the malignant tumor in the initial resection that increase the likelihood of malignancy in the contralateral lobe. Methods: Retrospective chart review of 97 patients who underwent hemithyroidectomy and completion thyroidectomy in a university's teaching hospital network between 2006 and 2012. Pathology reports from both surgeries as well as patient and thyroid nodule characteristics were reviewed. Results: Of the 97 patients, 47 (48%) had a malignancy in the contralateral lobe. In the contralateral lobe, 42/47 (89%) of malignancies were papillary microcarcinomas (PMC) and 15/42 (36%) of the PMC were multifocal. Multifocal malignancies in the initial specimen had a 60% rate of contralateral malignancy and were found to be a predictor of bilateral disease (p = 0.04) with OR = 2.74 (95% CI: 1.11-6.79; p = 0.003) in WDTC and OR = 3.59 (95% CI:1.35 9.48; p = 0.01) in papillary cancer specifically. There was no statistical significant correlation established for the following variables: presence of positive cervical nodes, extrathyroidal extension, positive resection margins, size and angio-lymphatic invasion. Moreover, there was no statistical correlation between any of the variants of papillary thyroid cancer and bilateral disease, even though most aggressive subtypes were found to be bilateral. Conclusion: In this study, the rate of malignancy in the contralateral lobe was 48%. Multifocality and presence of an aggressive subtype of papillary thyroid cancer in the initial specimen were found to be more important variables to consider in decision-making regarding completion thyroidectomy than size of the initial tumor alone. © 2015 Ibrahim et al. Source

Saliba J.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Payne R.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Varshney R.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | Sela E.,ll Thyroid Cancer Center | And 6 more authors.
Endocrine Practice

Objective: Radioactive iodine (RAI) remnant ablation in low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is controversial. Current patient selection guidelines recommend the use of postoperative stimulated thyroglobulin (stim-Tg), neck dissections, and sonography but fail to include sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between SLNB status and postoperative stimulated thyroglobulin as a surrogate marker of clinical outcome.Methods: Retrospective chart review of low-risk PTC patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy with SLNB at the McGill Thyroid Cancer Center. SLNBs were obtained using methylene blue dye. Biochemical measurements were acquired between 4 and 12 weeks postoperatively. Statistical analyses were performed using logistic regression models and receiver operating characterisitc (ROC) curves. A P-value <.05 was considered significant.Results: Ninety-six patients were included in this study. The positive SLNB rate was 14.6%. The mean postoperative Tg level was 1.41 μg/L. There were no significant correlations between the SLNB and the covariates analyzed (age, gender, histology, tumor size, and thyrotropin levels). Patients with negative SLNB were significantly more likely to have a lower stim-Tg (P<.0001). When postoperative Tg was analyzed as a categorical variable, a threshold of <1 μg/L was significantly associated with a negative SLNB, with a sensitivity and specificity (determined by ROC curves) of 0.86 and 0.88, respectively. Conclusion: There exists a correlation between SLNB and postoperative Tg. This creates the possibility of a new approach to RAI administration among low-risk PTC patients incorporating SLNB to the current guidelines. © 2014 AACE. Source

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