Liverpool John Moores University is a new university located in the city of Liverpool, England. The university is named after businessman and philanthropist John Moores, and was previously called Liverpool Mechanics' School of Arts and later Liverpool Polytechnic before gaining university status in 1992, thus becoming Liverpool John Moores University.The university is a member of the University Alliance, a mission group of British universities established in 2007. It is also a member of the European University Association and the North West Universities Association. At present, LJMU serves more than 24,000 students comprising 20,410 undergraduate students and 4,270 postgraduate students, making it the largest university in Liverpool by student population – as well as the twentieth largest in the United Kingdom. Wikipedia.
Malinowski P.,Liverpool John Moores University
Frontiers in Neuroscience | Year: 2013
The scientific interest in meditation and mindfulness practice has recently seen an unprecedented surge. After an initial phase of presenting beneficial effects of mindfulness practice in various domains, research is now seeking to unravel the underlying psychological and neurophysiological mechanisms. Advances in understanding these processes are required for improving and fine-tuning mindfulness-based interventions that target specific conditions such as eating disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. This review presents a theoretical framework that emphasizes the central role of attentional control mechanisms in the development of mindfulness skills. It discusses the phenomenological level of experience during meditation, the different attentional functions that are involved, and relates these to the brain networks that subserve these functions. On the basis of currently available empirical evidence specific processes as to how attention exerts its positive influence are considered and it is concluded that meditation practice appears to positively impact attentional functions by improving resource allocation processes. As a result, attentional resources are allocated more fully during early processing phases which subsequently enhance further processing. Neural changes resulting from a pure form of mindfulness practice that is central to most mindfulness programs are considered from the perspective that they constitute a useful reference point for future research. Furthermore, possible interrelations between the improvement of attentional control and emotion regulation skills are discussed. © 2013 Malinowski.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2017
All chemicals whether they are drugs, cosmetics, agrochemicals or others need to be tested for their safety to man and the environment. The use of whole animal studies for the prediction of adverse effects in man, is problematic due to species dependent effects, high costs and a large burden to animals in terms of numbers and suffering. While there have been major improvements in human in vitro and in silico techniques, there is still a lack of an integrated risk assessment platform. The in3 proposal aims to significantly further the development of animal-free chemical and nanomaterial (NM) safety evaluation by creating a scientific and training program aimed at integrating human in vitro testing with computational approaches. The project will focus on human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) derived tissues, including liver, kidney, brain, lung and vasculature and to utilise mechanistic toxicology, quantitative adverse outcome pathways, biokinetics, cheminformatics and modelling approaches to derive testable prediction models. hiPSC present the major advantages provide non-cancerous derived tissues with identical genetic backgrounds. All Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) will work towards the same goal, utilising the same chemicals, donor cells, assays and software packages. All data will be centrally housed in standardised formats, appropriately annotated and linked with protocols and material information. While ESRs will hone their skills in their own field of expertise, they will also collaborate to create an in depth safety evaluation testing platform for the chosen test compounds. By interaction, problem solving, training and secondments over the three years, they will acquire a unique set of interdisciplinary skills for chemical and NM safety assessment. The project aims to accelerate the realisation of animal-free safety assessment and to graduate 15 PhD students with the ideal skill sets to carry out the strategy designed in in3 in the near future.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-20-2014 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2015
ENTRUST provides mapping of Europes energy system (key actors & their intersections, technologies, markets, policies, innovations) and an in-depth understanding of how human behaviour around energy is shaped by both technological systems and socio-demographic factors (esp. gender, age and socio-economic status). New understandings of energy-related practices and an intersectional approach to the socio-demographic factors in energy use will be deployed to enhance stakeholder engagement in Europes energy transition. The role of gender will be illuminated by intersectional analyses of energy-related behaviour & attitudes towards energy technologies, which will assess how multiple identities and social positions, combine to shape practices. These analyses will be integrated within a transitions management framework which takes account of the complex meshing of human values and identities with technological systems. The third key paradigm informing the research is the concept of energy citizenship, with a key goal of ENTRUST being to enable individuals overcome barriers of gender, age and socio-economic status to become active participants in their own energy transitions. Central to the project will be an in-depth engagement with 5 very different communities across the continent, who will be invited to be co-designers of their own energy transition. The consortium brings a diverse array of expertise to bear in assisting and reflexively monitoring these communities as they work to transform their energy behaviours, generating innovative transition pathways and business models capable of being replicated elsewhere in Europe. Deliverables will include a policy tool-kit incorporating contemporary best practice in promoting energy transitions at a Europe-wide level; a suite of innovative transition pathways and community engagement tools designed to stimulate dialogue and break down barriers to behaviour change and the adoption new technologies at a community level.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 10.01M | Year: 2017
Europe has become a global leader in optical-near infrared astronomy through excellence in space and ground-based experimental and theoretical research. While the major infrastructures are delivered through major national and multi-national agencies (ESO, ESA) their continuing scientific competitiveness requires a strong community of scientists and technologists distributed across Europes nations. OPTICON has a proven record supporting European astrophysical excellence through development of new technologies, through training of new people, through delivering open access to the best infrastructures, and through strategic planning for future requirements in technology, innovative research methodologies, and trans-national coordination. Europes scientific excellence depends on continuing effort developing and supporting the distributed expertise across Europe - this is essential to develop and implement new technologies and ensure instrumentation and infrastructures remain cutting edge. Excellence depends on continuing effort to strengthen and broaden the community, through networking initiatives to include and then consolidate European communities with more limited science expertise. Excellence builds on training actions to qualify scientists from European communities which lack national access to state of the art research infrastructures to compete successfully for use of the best available facilities. Excellence depends on access programmes which enable all European scientists to access the best infrastructures needs-blind, purely on competitive merit. Global competitiveness and the future of the community require early planning of long-term sustainability, awareness of potentially disruptive technologies, and new approaches to the use of national-scale infrastructures under remote or robotic control. OPTICON will continue to promote this excellence, global competitiveness and long-term strategic planning.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.42M | Year: 2017
Failure of large complex engineering systems often leads to catastrophic consequences. Their efficient and safe design and operation will avoid or reduce malfunctions, failures and accidents, which would have a significant impact on the daily life of the public in terms of service and product delivery, business interruption, economic losses, human injuries/fatalities, and property and environmental damage. The proposed project aims to develop and apply knowledge in Reliability and Safety Engineering and Technology (RESET), for safe and reliable design and operation of large maritime (marine and offshore) and other made-to-order (MTO) engineering systems. This multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary project of 48 months duration, will formulate a consortium of complementary expertise targeting areas of academic and industrial importance. In particular, a series of integrated activities will investigate i) the framework for reliability and safety assessment, ii) system risk and reliability modelling under uncertainties, iii) fluid and structural modelling under uncertain environments, iv) fatigue and fracture assessment, v) decision making together with case studies, and vi) the development of guidelines for general application of the developed models. The engineering systems that are addressed in this project include: a) ships, b) offshore installations, c) offshore wind farm units and d) other MTO engineering structures/units. In order to achieve an integrated project, all the ESRs and ERs involved will conduct their model development and application within the RESET framework. Novel and flexible models for addressing the identified research needs will be developed for application in situations where conventional approaches may not be confidently applied due to incompleteness, randomness and fuzziness of the available data for use in reliability and safety analysis. The collaboratively produced research results will be disseminated to a wide audience.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EUK-02-2016 | Award Amount: 1.78M | Year: 2016
While the Internet of Things is addressing a multiplicity of still-emerging standards and Alliance specifications with efforts to structure them into reference architectures, the Wise-IoT project gathers lead contributors from Europe and Korea to on-going major global IoT standardisation activities with the objective to strengthen and expand emerging IoT standards and reference implementation using feedback from user-centric and context-aware pilots. Based on morphing mediation gateways concept, a trust-based recommendation system is proposed, leveraging upon Context Information APIs enabling end-to-end semantic interoperability and the dynamic distribution of analytic functions over a proposed Global IoT Services (GIoTS). These GIoTS provide IoT virtualisation and interaction with systems beyond IoT together with trust building and management capabilities. Six testbeds from Europe and South Korea will be federated to implement smart city, leisure and healthcare pilots demonstrating GIoTS based applications roaming capabilities across continents. An iterative development approach is being implemented to allow requirement and architecture adjustments as well as alignment and contributions back to on-going standardisation activities through submissions in technical committees and interoperability events support. A strong plan for dissemination has been set-up and will have its peak during the trials to be run at PyeongChang Olympic and Paralympic Games. The consortium composed of prestigious research institutes, SMEs and large industries from Europe and Korea and will work in tandem to contribute to the success of the Wise-IoT project. Wise-IoT will give a particular attention to create an environment encouraging European and Korean SMEs and startups to enter the IoT industry by enabling access to a unified platform where interoperability among heterogeneous data in smart environments will be provided.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 328.50K | Year: 2017
The advancement of project management (PM) knowledge and the development of PM capability of people is crucial to the successful delivery of projects. As the overall project-related spending in the EU is assumed to be about 3.27 trillion there are huge societal and economic challenges of reducing the massive financial and psychological costs of poor project delivery. Especially as about 6% of all projects are believed to be wholly unsuccessful, many of them tax-payer funded. Our programme is designed to put building blocks in place to enable PM to respond to the challenges it faces in delivering projects successfully in the 21st century. It does this by taking a multi-disciplinary perspective encompassing PM, lean management, psycho-social aspects, innovation and change management. The building blocks will have three broad pillars: one focused on PM efficiency (being Lean), one on PM systems that meet the psycho-social needs of project staff (being Seen) and one on making PM responsive to the need of organisations to be innovative and manage change (being Lean and Seen). The programme will cater for different contexts of project delivery in developed and developing countries, to reflect the global and interconnectedness nature of projects. A network of five academic partners, including one from a developing country and five non-academic, will deliver the holistic PM framework to guide project delivery in the future. They will investigate the role of different management practices in PM contexts and the distinctions in PM system design and delivery in different contexts. Data will be collected through a multiple method approach including in-depth reviews of the literatures, secondary data sources, cross-sectional surveys, case studies, focus groups, Delphi and interviews. Innovation will take place by bringing together the knowledge of theoretical perspectives from different disciplines, which largely reside in the academic partners, with the practical knowledge
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FTIPilot-01-2016 | Award Amount: 2.83M | Year: 2016
BioDie2020 will recover unconventional, degraded waste oils & fats, notably from Water Company infrastructures, and demonstrate the conversion of these wastes as a sustainable feedstock for biodiesel production. This break-through & beneficial pathway will maximise the use of waste oils & fats on a large scale for the 1st time on the biodiesel market, leading to lower transport carbon emissions. BioDie2020 FTI combines 5 top EU players in an agile & direct value-chain, working on this industry-wide milestone which will improve costs & conversion, achieving high fuel quality. Project coordinator Argent (UK, INDUS), a forward-thinking biofuel leader, will thus demonstrate biodiesel production in a closed-loop business model. 2 key process improvements will go from TRL6 to 7 at Argents biodiesel plant (site at Stanlow, UK): i) biofuel technology provider BDI (Austria, SME) will deliver Sulphur reduction in the biodiesel process; ii) microwave technology provider LJMU (UK, Uni) will integrate their bespoke microwave unit to improve pre-treatment of challenging feedstocks. Stagecoach (UK, INDUS), a leading EU captive bus fleet service provider, will perform field trials of final biodiesel. Quantis (France, SME), an ambitious EU SME will perform LCA & LCC analysis of the overall process, ensuring sustainability objectives are achieved. BioDie2020 partners own IP on each technical brick, giving pathways to market & business opportunities. Argent will save ~5 million/year on feedstock costs, improving ROIC from 12% to 18% by 2019. Demo of BDIs new process will confer a competitive edge on the retrofit market, giving them a ~25% sales increase by 2020. BioDie2020 will deliver 17 direct jobs and ~100 indirect jobs created or sustained in the EU by 2020. Argents ultimate aim is to invest in biofuel deployment via this reproducible waste-to-biodiesel plant (embedded in a closed-loop business model) with market replication by 2020 via commissioning or acquisition & retrofit.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 100.73K | Year: 2017
This research considers control of systems that contain several dc electric energy sources and an electric ac machine. It proposes utilisation of a multiphase machine (with a multitude of three-phase sub-windings) in such systems, with the idea of enabling arbitrary sharing of the energy between the sub-systems connected to the different sub-windings. The targeted applications are the future electric vehicles (EVs) and dc microgrid interconnection. The said machine is the propulsion motor in the former and the renewable energy generator in the latter case. One way of overcoming the battery size problem in EVs is to design vehicles to use a multitude of different electric energy sources, such as batteries, fuel cells, flywheels, superconducting magnetic energy storage and photo-voltaic systems. If this is to be achieved, a suitable control strategy for the propulsion motor, which would rely on optimal utilisation of these sources, is required. The requirement is that the different sub-windings, connected to the different energy sources, can be controlled independently, so that simultaneous motoring and generating mode of operation of the different sub-windings can be realised. This will enable decoupled power flow control and hence lead to the optimal exploitation of the available energy resources, when observed from the overall system perspective. Independently controllable power sharing will enable transfer of energy from one source in the vehicle to the other in accordance with the external conditions and the driving regime (e.g. solar energy to charge the battery and/or a supercapacitor during vehicles cruising, a supercapacitor to provide the energy boost during rapid accelerations and decelerations - thus reducing the required size of the battery). Dc microgrids are foreseen as an important component of the future smart power systems. Commonly, microgrids contain a renewable energy generator, such as wind or hydro generator. Similarly to the EV scenario, the interconnection of dc microgrids, which will become possible through utilisation of the independent and decoupled power flow control of the renewable generators three-phase winding sets, will eliminate the need to utilise additional power electronic converters (as the current state-of-the-art is) for this purpose. Controlled energy sharing enables simple peak energy shaving when the energy consumption peaks do not appear simultaneously in the interconnected microgrids. In simple words, using the proposed algorithms, a microgrid with a surplus of the energy may supply other microgirds that need more energy. Apart from power flow control, additional benefits of this solution are potential cost saving and existence of inherent galvanic isolation between different dc sub-systems. The research will develop advanced control techniques for multiphase machines with multiple three-phase windings that will enable arbitrary circulation of the power through the machines three-phase winding sets. This will be achieved by using two different electric machine modelling approaches. The first will use as the starting point a known approach, while the second one will be based on a new machine model transformation with power sharing coefficients that is to be developed in the project. Both approaches will yield models required to obtain subsequently high quality dynamic performance of the machine when used as a variable speed drive/generator. Once the two different approaches are fully developed and verified through the simulations, the final step will be experimental verification and comparison of the devised control strategies in laboratory conditions.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 517.50K | Year: 2016
Concrete, owing to its availability, easy preparation and fabrication, is the most popular construction material. However, the cement industry is facing unprecedented challenges caused by energy resources and CO2 emissions. Despite the incremental improvements in process efficiency adopted by the cement industry in recent years, OPC production is still responsible for around 6% of all man-made global carbon emissions. The proposed project aims to develop green concretes by using novel geopolymer materials as new binder and recycled concrete as part of the aggregates. The geopolymer is a type of amorphous alumina-silicate products. It can be synthesized by poly-condensation reaction of geopolymetric precursor and alkali polysilicates, which are available in natural materials or from industrial by-products. Geopolymer materials represent an innovative technology that is generating considerable interest in the construction industry, particularly in light of the ongoing emphasis on sustainability. However, although numerous geopolymer systems have been proposed, most are difficult to work with and require great care in their mixing process. Furthermore, the lack of long-term performance and durability data is also a barrier to the acceptance and widespread commercial use of geopolymer concretes in the construction industry. The proposed research will cover not only the finding of novel geopolymers but also provide long-term performance and durability data for geopolymer concretes used in different environments. The research outcome will have a great impact on our understanding of how geopolymer concretes perform in different environments and how their mechanical properties and performance can be improved by using correct mixing processes. The research will also provide vital information on how to revolutionise the production of concrete materials and how to engineer concrete binders using different geopolymers to tailor the properties of the resulting concrete.