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Halla M.C.,Postgraduate Program RENORBIO | Halla M.C.,University of Pernambuco | do Carmo R.F.,University of Pernambuco | Silva Vasconcelos L.R.,Postgraduate Program RENORBIO | And 8 more authors.
Human Immunology | Year: 2010

Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a molecule of the innate immunity, which activates the complement system and modulates inflammation. We investigated the association of the polymorphisms in the exon 1 and promoter region of the MBL gene (MBL2) with the susceptibility to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the degree of liver fibrosis in Brazilian patients chronically infected with HCV. The study was performed in 232 healthy control subjects and 186 patients, 157 of whom underwent liver biopsy after histopathology analysis and classification of fibrosis according to Metavir score. Exon 1 was genotyped by melting temperature assay and the promoter region by Taqman real-time polymerase chain reacation. The frequency of genotypes related to low production of MBL was higher in patients with HCV than in controls (pc = 0.0001, odds ratio = 3.52; confidence interval = 1.86-6.71). In addition, the frequency of variant haplotype, HYO was higher in patients with the severe fibrosis stage F4 (10.7%) than in patients with the mild/moderate fibrosis stage F1/F2 (3.4%), when compared with the HYA haplotype (pc = 0.04, odds ratio = 5.25, confidence interval = 1.11-23.62). We conclude that MBL variant alleles expressing low levels of MBL are associated with the susceptibility to HCV infection and that the inheritance of HYO haplotype could be associated with fibrosis severity. © 2010 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics.

Mendonca T.F.,University of Pernambuco | Oliveira M.C.V.C.,Hematology and Hemotherapy Foundation of Pernambuco HEMOPE | Vasconcelos L.R.S.,Liver Institute of Pernambuco IFP PE | Pereira L.M.M.B.,University of Pernambuco | And 6 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2010

Vasoocclusive crisis (VOC) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in sickle cell anemia (SCA), which is caused by the occlusion of blood vessels, followed by ischemia or infarct, resulting in progressive damage to organs. However, this clinical manifestation is variable, indicating that this process could be influenced by modifier genes. The gene MBL2 which codes for mannose-binding lectin (MBL) has been associated with modifications in the progression of infectious and inflammatory vascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the polymorphisms of exon 1 (alleles A/O) and promoter region -221 (alleles Y/X) of MBL2 in children with SCA and to verify their association with VOC. The determination of the polymorphism of exon 1 and the promoter region of MBL2 was performed by SYBR GREEN® and Taqman® system, respectively. In the patients with SCA, the frequency of the genotype related to high production of MBL was 0.46 (YA/YA) and for intermediate/low production was 0.54 (YA/XA, XA/XA, YA/YO, XA/YO, YO/YO). The frequency of the genotypes and haplotypes of MBL2 in patients with SCA did not differ from control individuals. The populations were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The patients were divided into two groups. The groups were separated by the frequency of VOC, which was defined by the total of VOC episodes divided by the age of the children at the end of this study. Since, we choose a cut point in FVOC <1 (n=48) (which we considered of mild presentation of disease) and FVOC ≥1 (n=39) (higher severity). In children with SCA, the frequency of the genotypes of MBL2 of intermediate/low expression for MBL was associated with FVOC ≥1 (p=0.0188 OR=3.15 CI=1.19-8.50). The results suggest that MBL2 polymorphism at promoter and first exon of MBL2 associated with low serum levels and structural alterations of MBL could modify the phenotype of the child with SCA related to VOC. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Filho R.M.,University of Pernambuco | Filho R.M.,Liver Institute of Pernambuco IFP PE | Carmo R.F.,University of Pernambuco | Catsman C.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | And 9 more authors.
Viral Immunology | Year: 2010

Patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may develop severe chronic liver disease. Carriers of HBV have an increased risk of developing cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Worldwide an estimated 350 million people are infected with HBV, and 15-40% will develop serious sequelae in their lifetime. In our study we investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the first exon and promoter region of the mannose-binding lectin gene 2 (MBL2) situated on chromosome 10, with susceptibility to HBV infection. One-hundred and two patients infected with HBV were included in this study, and 232 uninfected individuals were used as healthy controls. Genotyping of the first exon (alleles A/O) was performed using a melting temperature assay. Genotyping of the promoter region (-550 H/L; -221 Y/X) was performed using the Taqman PCR technique. In the HBV-infected group we found a significantly increased frequency of haplotypes associated with low serum MBL. Our findings may indicate that MBL has a protective role against HBV infection in the studied population. Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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