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Zhang A.M.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To explore the association between HBV genotype and chronic/severe liver disease with HBV infection in Chinese patients. Serum samples were collected from 2922 patients with HBV infection. HBV genotyping was performed with type-specific primers polymerase chain reaction, and the virological and biochemical markers were detected, which differences in the genotypes between various clinical types of HBV infection and liver function and virological markers between various HBV genotyping were analyzed. The genotype B, C, BC combinations, D of 2922 patients with HBV infection accounted for 15.9%, 83.5%, 0.41%, 0.21% respectively. The ratio of genotype B in acute hepatitis group was higher (P = 0.003), which the ratio of genotype C in the cirrhosis group and the hepatocellular carcinoma group was higher (P = 0.000, 0.000). The difference in ratio of genotype C was not statistically significant between acute-on-chronic liver failure group and chronic hepatitis group. HBeAg-positive rate, viral load and liver function markers of B, C genotype group in acute hepatitis group and chronic hepatitis group were not significant different. HBeAg-positive rates of genotype C in acute-on-chronic liver failure group, cirrhosis group, hepatocellular carcinoma group were higher than that of genotype B (P = 0.000, 0.024, 0.003). Viral load of genotype C in hepatocellular carcinoma group was higher than that of genotype B (P = 0.025). Cholinesterase levels of genotype C in the acute-on-chronic liver failure group and the hepatocellular carcinoma group was lower than that of genotype B (P = 0.0004, 0.02). There were HBV genotype B, C, B/C combinations and D in Chinese patients with HBV infection, with genotype B and C being the major ones. Compared with HBV genotype B, genotype C in Chinese patients with HBV infection was more likely to chronic infection, evolved to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, but genotype difference was not observed in occurrence of acute-on-chronic liver failure. Genotype was not significant effect in acute and chronic hepatitis B, but HBeAg-positive rate/viral load was higher and liver damage was more severe in severe and end-stage genotype C HBV infection patients.


Hu J.H.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To clinically study the antiviral effects of lamivudine and entecavir on patients with early-to-mid stage Hepatitis B related acute on chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). METHODS; A prospective, randomized, open and parallel controlled clinical trial was designed to observe the antiviral effects of nucleoside analogues on patients with early-to-mid stage HBV-ACLF. Three groups were set for controlled study, i. e. basic treatment group, lamivudine plus basic treatment group and entecavir plus basic treatment group. One month after treatment, the improvement rates of lamivudine group and entecavir group were 58.85% and 59.15% respectively, significantly higher than that of basic treatment group which was 34.84% (Chi(2) = 9.8323, P = 0.043). By the end of six months, the cumulative survival rates of patients with the antiviral treatments, i.e., lamivudine, entecavir, were 65.8%, 60.1%, significantly higher than that (42%) without the antiviral treatment (P = 0.045, P = 0.04 respectively). The cumulative survival rate in patients with a MELD score < 30 was higher than that with a MELD score over 30 (Chi(2) = 3.920, P = 0.048). For the patients with pretreatment HBV DNA > or = 10(7), the cumulative survival rate in patients with entecavir treatments group was higher than that of patients in basic treatment group (Chi(2) = 5. 014 P= 0.025). According to the Ordinal Regression analysis, antiviral therapy by using either lamivudine or entecavia could significantly increase the improvement rate of patients with early-to-mid stage HBV-ACLF. But severe complications, including hepatorenal syndrome, electrolyte imbalance and hepatic encephalopathy, medical history of liver cirrhosis, and pretreatment HBV DNA > or = 10(7) had significant impacts on prognosis of this group patients. Antiviral therapy by using either lamivudine or entecavia could significantly increase the survival rate of patients with early-to-mid stage HBV-ACLF.


Zhao J.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2011

Assessment of detection of IgM antibodies for human enterovirus 71 (EV 71) in early diagnosis for the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). The sera and throat swabs from 38 patients which were clinical diagnosis as HFMD, were continuous daily collected in our hospital in 2010. These specimens were detected by EV 71 IgM antibodies assay, real time RT-PCR methods for EV 71 and Enterovirus. Among 38 HFMD patients, the cumulative positive rates of EV 71 IgM antibodies were: 60.5% on day 1, 71.1% on day 2, 81.5% in the first 3-4 days, 92.1% on day 5, 92.1% on day 6, and the positive rate of nucleic acid detected by the real time RT-PCR for EV 71 and Enterovirus were 60.5%, 73.6%. The positive rate of EV 71 IgM antibodies in the hand, foot and mouth disease just can occur on day 1, and reach to peak on day 5, which can be used as one of indicators of early diagnosis of hand, foot and mouth disease.


Liu X.Y.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010

To analyze PD-1 expression in CD8 + T cell of Peripheral blood with HBV-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure and effect on CD8+ T cell. We selected 60 patients with HBV-ACLF and collected their peripheral blood. We analyzed the expressions of PD-1, CD95, perforin, granzyme A, granzyme B, CD107a on CD8+ T lymphocytes and the expression of PD-L1 on monocytes peripheral blood by using flow cytometry. 15 liver cirrhosis patients( LC) and 15 healthy individuals( HC) are control groups. PD-1 expression was (1) The PD-1 expression in HBV-ACLF patients was significantly elevated compared with those in HC and lower in improved group than that in invalid group and death group (P < 0.05) and increased from prophase, metaphase to advanced stage (P < 0.05). Moreover, (2) PD-L1 expression on monocytes was positively correlated with disease progression. (P < 0.05). (3) Both PD-1 and CD95 expressions were higher in dead group than those in improved and non-improved groups. Perforin, granzymes and CD107a expressions on CD8+ T cells significantly increased in dead group compared with those in improved and non-improved groups (P < 0.05). However, PD-1 expressions on these cells were lower, compared with normal persons. The expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in HBV-ACLF patients was positively correlated with disease progression. The elevated PD-1 expression promoted apoptosis of CD8+ T cells. For HBV-ACLF patients, the PD-1 expression on effector CD8+ T cells was lower than those in other CD8+ T cells, which maybe accounted for the failure to controlling immune injury in liver.


Duan X.Z.,Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology | Year: 2013

To evaluate the levels of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in serum of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and investigate its potential relation to the clinical features of these patients. Sixty patients with HBV-related ACLF, 30 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and 24 healthy individuals (controls) were enrolled in the study. Markers of liver function, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), were measured by routine biochemical methods. Imaging studies, such as abdominal computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, were used for disease staging. Serum levels of HMGB1 were measured by ELISA. Deaths within the 2-month follow-up after serum collection were used for the survival analysis. Patients who developed peritonitis, pneumonia, or other bacterial and fungal infections during the 2-month follow-up after serum collection were classified as the infected group. Pairwise comparisons were carried out by t-test, and multiple comparisons were carried out by analysis of variance. Patients with HBV-related ACLF had significantly higher serum levels of HMGB1 than CHB patients or controls (P = 0.003). Among the patients with HBV-related ACLF, those in the late stage (n = 20) had significantly higher levels of HMGB1 than those in the early stage (n = 20) (P = 0.005). The serum levels of HMGB1 correlated well with AST level in patients with HBV-related ACLF (P = 0.006). In addition, patients with HBV-related ACLF who developed infection or died during follow-up also had significantly higher levels of HMGB1 (P = 0.028 or P = 0.017, respectively). Enhanced serum level of HMGB1 is associated with development of HBV-related ACLF in CHB patients. The strong correlation between HMGB1 and AST levels suggest that HMGB1 may be useful as a prognostic marker for development of ACLF.

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